Bird checklists - taxonomy - distribution - maps - links
Welcome guest


Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Jamaica

This checklist includes all bird species found in Jamaica , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

Go back to Bird Checklists of the World
Go back to Bird Links to the World

Change display options:

Select another taxonomy:

Select another second language:

Select another region:

Select another format:

You must be logged in to view your lifelist details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Country or region: Jamaica
Number of species: 327
Number of endemics: 28
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Number of introduced species: 16
Date last reviewed: 2005-05-01

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaVulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Orinoco GooseNeochen jubataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wood DuckAix sponsaRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensisRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusExtirpated Near-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruberRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliRare/Accidental
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusRare/Accidental
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhingaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruberRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisRare/Accidental
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusRare/Accidental
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Clapper RailRallus longirostris
King RailRallus elegansRare/Accidental
Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorExtirpated
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted CrakePorzana flaviventer
Spotted RailPardirallus maculatusRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Caribbean CootFulica caribaeaNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusRare/Accidental
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosaRare/Accidental
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Plain PigeonPatagioenas inornataNear-threatened
Ring-tailed PigeonPatagioenas caribaeaEndemic Vulnerable
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturIntroduced species
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaIntroduced species
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Caribbean DoveLeptotila jamaicensis
Crested Quail-DoveGeotrygon versicolorEndemic Near-threatened
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
Blue-headed Quail-DoveStarnoenas cyanocephalaIntroduced species Endangered

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental
Chestnut-bellied CuckooCoccyzus pluvialisEndemic
Jamaican Lizard-CuckooCoccyzus vetulaEndemic
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Jamaican OwlPseudoscops grammicusEndemic

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachii
Jamaican PauraqueSiphonorhis americanaEndemic Critically endangered
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Nyctibiidae

Northern PotooNyctibius jamaicensis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides niger
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Antillean Palm-SwiftTachornis phoenicobia

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Jamaican MangoAnthracothorax mangoEndemic
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Vervain HummingbirdMellisuga minima
StreamertailTrochilus polytmusEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Todidae

Jamaican TodyTodus todusEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Jamaican WoodpeckerMelanerpes radiolatusEndemic
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusRare/Accidental
Fernandina's FlickerColaptes fernandinaeRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Olive-throated ParakeetAratinga nana
Cuban MacawAra tricolor
Green-rumped ParrotletForpus passerinusIntroduced species
Black-billed ParrotAmazona agilisEndemic Vulnerable
Yellow-billed ParrotAmazona collariaEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Jamaican ElaeniaMyiopagis cottaEndemic
Greater Antillean ElaeniaElaenia fallax
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusRare/Accidental
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental
Jamaican PeweeContopus pallidusEndemic
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiRare/Accidental
Sad FlycatcherMyiarchus barbirostrisEndemic
Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferRare/Accidental
Rufous-tailed FlycatcherMyiarchus validusEndemic
Stolid FlycatcherMyiarchus stolidus
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Loggerhead KingbirdTyrannus caudifasciatus
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tityridae

Jamaican BecardPachyramphus nigerEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Jamaican VireoVireo modestusEndemic
Blue Mountain VireoVireo osburniEndemic Near-threatened
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusRare/Accidental
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Black-billed MagpiePica hudsoniaExtirpated
Jamaican CrowCorvus jamaicensisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subisRare/Accidental
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Golden SwallowTachycineta euchryseaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous-throated SolitaireMyadestes genibarbis
VeeryCatharus fuscescensRare/Accidental
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusRare/Accidental
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental
White-eyed ThrushTurdus jamaicensisEndemic
American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental
White-chinned ThrushTurdus aurantiusEndemic
Red-legged ThrushTurdus plumbeus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Bahama MockingbirdMimus gundlachii
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Arrowhead WarblerSetophaga pharetraEndemic
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaRare/Accidental
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusRare/Accidental
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolor
OrangequitEuneornis campestrisEndemic
Greater Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla violacea
Yellow-shouldered GrassquitLoxipasser anoxanthusEndemic
Jamaican SpindalisSpindalis nigricephalaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Jamaican BlackbirdNesopsar nigerrimusEndemic Endangered
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental
Greater Antillean GrackleQuiscalus niger
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisIntroduced species
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Venezuelan TroupialIcterus icterusExtirpated
Jamaican OrioleIcterus leucopteryx
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Jamaican EuphoniaEuphonia jamaicaEndemic
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Orange BishopEuplectes franciscanusRare/Accidental
Red BishopEuplectes orixIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

Avibase has been visited 175,833,500 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy