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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Malta

This checklist includes all bird species found in Malta , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Malta
Number of species: 387
Number of globally threatened species: 12
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-16
See also: http://www.birdlifemalta.org/Content/bird_watchers/bird_watching/malta_birds/880/

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisRare/Accidental Endangered
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Falcated DuckAnas falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Baikal TealAnas formosaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaRare/Accidental Endangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusExtirpated
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusRare/Accidental
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusRare/Accidental Critically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinusRare/Accidental

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged PloverVanellus spinosusRare/Accidental
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursorRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca tordaRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Little OwlAthene noctuaRare/Accidental
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptiusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental
White-rumped SwiftApus cafferRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
American KestrelFalco sparveriusRare/Accidental
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorRare/Accidental Near-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipesRare/Accidental
Dupont's LarkChersophilus dupontiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cincturaRare/Accidental
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
White-winged LarkMelanocorypha leucopteraRare/Accidental
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescensRare/Accidental
Crested LarkGalerida cristataRare/Accidental
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestrisRare/Accidental
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilophaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestrisRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Great TitParus majorRare/Accidental
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma murariaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaRare/Accidental
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opacaRare/Accidental
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
African Desert WarblerSylvia desertiRare/Accidental
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoriaRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensisRare/Accidental
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticolaRare/Accidental
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sardaRare/Accidental
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia lusciniaRare/Accidental
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopeRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieriRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Black WheatearOenanthe leucuraRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibiricaRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicusRare/Accidental
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisRare/Accidental
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaRare/Accidental
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusRare/Accidental
Rock BuntingEmberiza ciaRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesiaRare/Accidental
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Chestnut BuntingEmberiza rutilaRare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Italian SparrowPasser italiae
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petroniaRare/Accidental
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalisRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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