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Cape Breton

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Cape Breton , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2017

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Country or region: Cape Breton [map]
Number of species: 302
Number of globally threatened species: 6
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 4

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaNear-threatened
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Labrador DuckCamptorhynchus labradoriusExtinct
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonMareca americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca
Wood DuckAix sponsa

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneAntigone canadensisRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Great Northern DiverGavia immer

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Oceanitidae

Wilson's Storm-petrelOceanites oceanicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-petrelHydrobates leucorhousVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravis
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris borealisRare/Accidental
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Green HeronButorides virescens
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Grey PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaVulnerable
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
RazorbillAlca tordaNear-threatened
Little AukAlle alle
Brunnich's GuillemotUria lomvia
Common GuillemotUria aalge

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GullLarus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
American Herring GullLarus smithsonianus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Barred OwlStrix varia
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinusRare/Accidental
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Eastern Wood PeweeContopus virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvusRare/Accidental
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Northern ShrikeLanius borealis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Common RavenCorvus corax
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Arctic RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passerellidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaRare/Accidental
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRare/Accidental
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
American Tree SparrowPasserella arborea
Nelson's SparrowAmmospiza nelsoni
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerLeiothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

American TreecreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaNear-threatened
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliVulnerable
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 

References (partial list)

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