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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Maldives

This checklist includes all bird species found in Maldives , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Maldives
Number of species: 167
Number of globally threatened species: 1
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2013-01-17

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricaudaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmusNear-threatened
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Gray-bellied CuckooCacomantis passerinus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Indian SwiftletAerodramus unicolorRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Blyth's SwiftApus leuconyxRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Ashy WoodswallowArtamus fuscusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Large CuckooshrikeCoracina maceiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Asian Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Pale Sand MartinRiparia diluta
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Streak-throated SwallowPetrochelidon fluvicolaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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