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Istanbul

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Istanbul , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard and Moore 4th edition (incl. corrigenda vol.1-2). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2017

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Country or region: Istanbul [map]
Number of species: 339
Number of globally threatened species: 14
Number of introduced species: 4

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisVulnerable
Greylag GooseAnser anser
Bean GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Velvet ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
GoosanderMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Common TealAnas crecca

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Chukar PartridgeAlectoris chukar
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Slavonian GrebePodiceps auritusVulnerable
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Wood PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Eurasian Collared DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

European NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftTachymarptis melba
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Western Water RailRallus aquaticus
CorncrakeCrex crex
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Common CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened
Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated DiverGavia stellata
Black-throated DiverGavia arctica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Scopoli's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Yelkouan ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouan

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
European White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Eurasian BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pygmy CormorantMicrocarbo pygmaeus
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta
Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Eurasian Golden PloverPluvialis apricaria
Eurasian DotterelEudromias morinellus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisExtirpated Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wilson's PhalaropeSteganopus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Arctic SkuaStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Armenian GullLarus armenicusNear-threatened
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey BuzzardPernis apivorus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Griffon VultureGyps fulvus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Eastern Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
White-tailed Sea EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Rough-legged BuzzardButeo lagopus
Eurasian BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Common Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctua
Eurasian Scops OwlOtus scops
Northern Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Eurasian Eagle OwlBubo bubo

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Common HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Northern WryneckJynx torquilla
Grey-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Common KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minor
Great Grey ShrikeLanius excubitor
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesRare/Accidental
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Common RavenCorvus corax
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisNear-threatened
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Grey WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
White WagtailMotacilla alba

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
Common RosefinchErythrina erythrina
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Common LinnetLinaria cannabina
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinus
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Black-headed BuntingGranativora melanocephala
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Eurasian Reed BuntingSchoeniclus schoeniclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

European Penduline TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Eurasian Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Crested LarkGalerida cristata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Common Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern House MartinDelichon urbicum
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Eurasian Crag MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Sand MartinRiparia riparia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Eastern Bonelli's WarblerRhadina orientalis
Wood WarblerRhadina sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerAbrornis inornatusRare/Accidental
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus lorenzii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerCurruca nanaRare/Accidental
Barred WarblerCurruca nisoria
Eastern Orphean WarblerCurruca crassirostris
Lesser WhitethroatCurruca curruca
Rüppell's WarblerCurruca ruppeli
Eastern Subalpine WarblerCurruca cantillans
Sardinian WarblerCurruca melanocephala
Common WhitethroatCurruca communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
Eurasian FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla
Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Krüper's NuthatchSitta krueperi
Western Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Rufous Scrub RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Semi-collared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Eastern StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
RedwingTurdus iliacusNear-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus

 

References (partial list)

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