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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Christmas Island

This checklist includes all bird species found in Christmas Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Christmas Island
Number of species: 152
Number of endemics: 3
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of globally threatened species: 8
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2012-12-31
See also: http://www.birdlife.org.au/images/uploads/branches/documents/WA-ChristmasIsl_Checklist.pdf

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Gray TealAnas gracilis
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Herald PetrelPterodroma heraldicaRare/Accidental
Barau's PetrelPterodroma barauiRare/Accidental Endangered
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolataRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloniRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairaeVulnerable

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiBreeding endemic Critically endangered
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Abbott's BoobyPapasula abbottiBreeding endemic Endangered

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmusRare/Accidental
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeusRare/Accidental
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollisRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picataRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchusRare/Accidental
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosaRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicusRare/Accidental
Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagiRare/Accidental Endangered
Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogasterRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Ruddy-breasted CrakePorzana fuscaRare/Accidental
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
Black-tailed Native-henTribonyx ventralisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Sooty OystercatcherHaematopus fuliginosusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus milesRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabellaRare/Accidental
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Christmas Island Imperial-PigeonDucula whartoniEndemic Near-threatened
Torresian Imperial-PigeonDucula spilorrhoa

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Large Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx sparverioidesRare/Accidental
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Pallid CuckooCacomantis pallidusRare/Accidental
Horsfield's Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx basalisRare/Accidental
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Christmas Island BoobookNinox natalisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinisRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Cave SwiftletCollocalia linchi
Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostris
Mossy-nest SwiftletAerodramus salanganaRare/Accidental
Black-nest SwiftletAerodramus maximus
White-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroides
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Blue-winged PittaPitta moluccensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinusRare/Accidental
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental
Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Pallas's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiolaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Christmas Island White-eyeZosterops natalisEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Blue-and-white FlycatcherCyanoptila cyanomelanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Daurian StarlingSturnia sturninaRare/Accidental
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla albaRare/Accidental
Oriental PipitAnthus rufulus
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 

References (partial list)

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