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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Brunswick

This checklist includes all bird species found in New Brunswick , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: New Brunswick
Number of species: 415
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of extinct species: 3
Number of introduced species: 6
Date last reviewed: 2009-08-17
See also: http://personal.nbnet.nb.ca/maryspt/BRC/NBBirds.html

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
Ross's GooseChen rossiiRare/Accidental
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Labrador DuckCamptorhynchus labradoriusExtinct
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albusRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
Mangrove RailRallus longirostrisRare/Accidental
King RailRallus elegansRare/Accidental
Clapper RailRallus crepitansRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisExtirpated Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
RazorbillAlca torda
Great AukPinguinus impennisExtinct
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eastern Screech-OwlMegascops asioRare/Accidental
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaRare/Accidental
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosaRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental
Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusNear-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaRare/Accidental
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisRare/Accidental
Thick-billed KingbirdTyrannus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsoniaRare/Accidental
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus
Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisRare/Accidental
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesRare/Accidental
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendiRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliVulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaNear-threatened
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumRare/Accidental
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapilla
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescensRare/Accidental
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalisRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusRare/Accidental
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusRare/Accidental
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaRare/Accidental
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRare/Accidental
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiiRare/Accidental
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Seaside SparrowAmmodramus maritimusRare/Accidental
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaRare/Accidental
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalusRare/Accidental
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsRare/Accidental
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanniRare/Accidental
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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