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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Brunswick

This checklist includes all bird species found in New Brunswick , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Sibley & Monroe 1996. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: New Brunswick
Number of species: 412
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of extinct species: 3
Number of introduced species: 6
Date last reviewed: 2009-08-17
See also: http://personal.nbnet.nb.ca/maryspt/BRC/NBBirds.html

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Grey PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Common PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Dendrocygnidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Snow GooseAnser caerulescens
Ross's GooseAnser rossiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Tundra GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Brent GooseBranta bernicla
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Common TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Labrador DuckCamptorhynchus labradoriusExtinct
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Black ScoterMelanitta nigra
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Common MerganserMergus merganser

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusNear-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Cerylidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
CUCULIFORMES: Coccyzidae

Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened

 
TROCHILIFORMES: Trochilidae

Broad-billed HummingbirdCynanthus latirostrisRare/Accidental
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eastern Screech-OwlOtus asioRare/Accidental
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlNyctea scandiaca
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Grey OwlStrix nebulosaRare/Accidental
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Burrowing OwlSpeotyto cuniculariaRare/Accidental
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Chuck-will's-widowCaprimulgus carolinensisRare/Accidental
Whip-poor-willCaprimulgus vociferus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Band-tailed PigeonColumba fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
Clapper RailRallus longirostrisRare/Accidental
King RailRallus elegansRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus
American CootFulica americana

 
CICONIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

American WoodcockScolopax minor
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisExtirpated Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Hudsonian CurlewNumenius hudsonicus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Spotted SandpiperTringa macularia
WilletCatoptrophorus semipalmatus
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SanderlingCalidris alba
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
DunlinCalidris alpina
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperMicropalama himantopus
Buff-breasted SandpiperTryngites subruficollisNear-threatened
RuffPhilomachus pugnaxRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicaria

 
CICONIIFORMES: Charadriidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusRare/Accidental
Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Grey PloverPluvialis squatarola
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Laridae

Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Bonaparte's GullLarus philadelphia
Laughing GullLarus atricilla
Franklin's GullLarus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Little GullLarus minutus
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Gull-billed TernSterna niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Royal TernSterna maximaRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Least TernSterna antillarumRare/Accidental
Sooty TernSterna fuscataRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
RazorbillAlca torda
Great AukPinguinus impennisExtinct
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CICONIIFORMES: Accipitridae

OspreyPandion haliaetus
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
American HarrierCircus hudsonius
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos

 
CICONIIFORMES: Falconidae

Common KestrelFalco tinnunculusRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Black-necked GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albusRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes aura
Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immer

 
CICONIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Yellow-nosed AlbatrossDiomedea chlororhynchosRare/Accidental
Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaRare/Accidental
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Thick-billed KingbirdTyrannus crassirostrisRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Eastern Warbling-VireoVireo gilvus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Grey JayPerisoreus canadensis
Black-billed MagpiePica picaRare/Accidental
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Varied ThrushZoothera naeviaRare/Accidental
Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesRare/Accidental
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendiRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Grey-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliVulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushCatharus mustelinus
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Siberian StonechatSaxicola mauraRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Grey CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusRare/Accidental
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisRare/Accidental
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiRare/Accidental
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Winter WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Blue-grey GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeeParus atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeeParus hudsonicus
Tufted TitmouseParus bicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Purple MartinProgne subis
Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Sand MartinRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowHirundo pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowHirundo fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula
Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

ChaffinchFringilla coelebsRare/Accidental
Pine SiskinCarduelis pinus
American GoldfinchCarduelis tristis
Hoary RedpollCarduelis hornemanniRare/Accidental
Common RedpollCarduelis flammea
Purple FinchCarpodacus purpureus
House FinchCarpodacus mexicanusIntroduced species
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Evening GrosbeakHesperiphona vespertina
Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querulaRare/Accidental
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Seaside SparrowAmmodramus maritimusRare/Accidental
Nelson's Sharp-tailed SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiiRare/Accidental
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRare/Accidental
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaRare/Accidental
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusRare/Accidental
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusRare/Accidental
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora pinusRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tennessee WarblerVermivora peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerVermivora celata
Nashville WarblerVermivora ruficapilla
Northern ParulaParula americana
Yellow WarblerDendroica petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerDendroica pensylvanica
Magnolia WarblerDendroica magnolia
Cape May WarblerDendroica tigrina
Black-throated Blue WarblerDendroica caerulescens
Yellow-rumped WarblerDendroica coronata
Black-throated Grey WarblerDendroica nigrescensRare/Accidental
Townsend's WarblerDendroica townsendiRare/Accidental
Hermit WarblerDendroica occidentalisRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerDendroica virens
Blackburnian WarblerDendroica fusca
Yellow-throated WarblerDendroica dominicaRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerDendroica pinus
Prairie WarblerDendroica discolorRare/Accidental
Palm WarblerDendroica palmarum
Bay-breasted WarblerDendroica castanea
Blackpoll WarblerDendroica striata
Cerulean WarblerDendroica ceruleaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorusRare/Accidental
OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillus
Northern WaterthrushSeiurus noveboracensis
Louisiana WaterthrushSeiurus motacillaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerOporornis formosusRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerOporornis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerWilsonia citrinaRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerWilsonia pusilla
Canada WarblerWilsonia canadensis
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental
Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaRare/Accidental
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Blue GrosbeakGuiraca caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaRare/Accidental
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalusRare/Accidental
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus

 

References (partial list)

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