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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Northwest Territories

This checklist includes all bird species found in Northwest Territories , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Northwest Territories
Number of species: 302
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2009-04-10

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Bar-headed GooseAnser indicusRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
Ross's GooseChen rossii
BrantBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
White-tailed PtarmiganLagopus leucura
Dusky GrouseDendragapus obscurus
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiNear-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes auraRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusRare/Accidental
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Ferruginous HawkButeo regalisRare/Accidental
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolina
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis
Whooping CraneGrus americanaEndangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisCritically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaNear-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Ross's GullRhodostethia rosea
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Costa's HummingbirdCalypte costaeRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental
Calliope HummingbirdSelasphorus calliopeRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Hammond's FlycatcherEmpidonax hammondii
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis saya
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassina
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus
Gray-headed ChickadeePoecile cinctus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoides
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendi
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naevius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisRare/Accidental
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteii
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapilla
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotis
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristisRare/Accidental
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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