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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Northern Ontario

This checklist includes all bird species found in Northern Ontario , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Northern Ontario
Description: North of 47N
Number of species: 410
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 5
Date last reviewed: 2008-05-03
See also: http://www.ofo.ca/site/page/view/checklist.checklist

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
Ross's GooseChen rossii
BrantBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Trumpeter SwanCygnus buccinator
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Spruce GrouseFalcipennis canadensis
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus
Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta
Sharp-tailed GrouseTympanuchus phasianellus
Greater Prairie-ChickenTympanuchus cupidoVulnerable
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacifica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental
Western GrebeAechmophorus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americanaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhingaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
King RailRallus elegans
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataRare/Accidental
American CootFulica americana

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisExtirpated Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct
Inca DoveColumbina incaRare/Accidental
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerinaRare/Accidental
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eastern Screech-OwlMegascops asioRare/Accidental
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaRare/Accidental
Barred OwlStrix varia
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Common PoorwillPhalaenoptilus nuttalliiRare/Accidental
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Green VioletearColibri thalassinusRare/Accidental
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Anna's HummingbirdCalypte annaRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Lewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewisRare/Accidental
Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusNear-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
American Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalis
Black-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Prairie FalconFalco mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusRare/Accidental
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiRare/Accidental
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseriRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Say's PhoebeSayornis sayaRare/Accidental
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisRare/Accidental
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusRare/Accidental
Cassin's KingbirdTyrannus vociferansRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Bell's VireoVireo belliiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray JayPerisoreus canadensis
Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
Black-billed MagpiePica hudsonia
Clark's NutcrackerNucifraga columbianaRare/Accidental
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaRare/Accidental
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Boreal ChickadeePoecile hudsonicus
Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Rock WrenSalpinctes obsoletusRare/Accidental
House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickiiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
Mountain BluebirdSialia currucoidesRare/Accidental
Townsend's SolitaireMyadestes townsendiRare/Accidental
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaNear-threatened
American RobinTurdus migratorius
Varied ThrushIxoreus naeviusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum
Sage ThrasherOreoscoptes montanusRare/Accidental
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens
Sprague's PipitAnthus spragueiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Chestnut-collared LongspurCalcarius ornatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Smith's LongspurCalcarius pictus
McCown's LongspurRhynchophanes mccowniiRare/Accidental
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraNear-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapilla
Virginia's WarblerOreothlypis virginiaeRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorRare/Accidental
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusRare/Accidental
Spotted TowheePipilo maculatusRare/Accidental
Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmusRare/Accidental
Cassin's SparrowPeucaea cassiniiRare/Accidental
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Brewer's SparrowSpizella breweriRare/Accidental
Field SparrowSpizella pusillaRare/Accidental
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Black-throated SparrowAmphispiza bilineataRare/Accidental
Lark BuntingCalamospiza melanocorysRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumRare/Accidental
Baird's SparrowAmmodramus bairdiiRare/Accidental
Henslow's SparrowAmmodramus henslowiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteii
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
Harris's SparrowZonotrichia querula
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Golden-crowned SparrowZonotrichia atricapillaRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaRare/Accidental
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalusRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglecta
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Brewer's BlackbirdEuphagus cyanocephalus
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula
Scott's OrioleIcterus parisorumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Gray-crowned Rosy-FinchLeucosticte tephrocotisRare/Accidental
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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