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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Cuba

This checklist includes all bird species found in Cuba , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Cuba
Number of species: 371
Number of endemics: 25
Number of globally threatened species: 16
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 9
Date last reviewed: 2011-10-28
See also: http://www.birdingcuba.com/cubachecklist.htm

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisRare/Accidental
West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaVulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Muscovy DuckCairina moschataIntroduced species
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusNear-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensNear-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruberRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratusRare/Accidental
Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Gundlach's HawkAccipiter gundlachiEndemic Endangered
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
Cuban Black HawkButeogallus gundlachiiEndemic Near-threatened
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniRare/Accidental
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis
Mangrove RailRallus longirostris
King RailRallus elegans
Clapper RailRallus crepitans
Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolina
Yellow-breasted CrakePorzana flaviventer
Zapata RailCyanolimnas cerveraiEndemic Critically endangered
Spotted RailPardirallus maculatus
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Caribbean CootFulica caribaeaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanusRare/Accidental
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Large-billed TernPhaetusa simplexRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosa
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Plain PigeonPatagioenas inornataEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Blue-headed Quail-DoveStarnoenas cyanocephalaEndemic Endangered
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
Gray-fronted Quail-DoveGeotrygon canicepsEndemic Vulnerable
Key West Quail-DoveGeotrygon chrysiaEndemic (country/region)
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental
Great Lizard-CuckooCoccyzus merliniEndemic (country/region)
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Bare-legged OwlMargarobyas lawrenciiEndemic
Cuban Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium sijuEndemic
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Stygian OwlAsio stygius
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachiiEndemic (country/region)
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental
Greater Antillean NightjarAntrostomus cubanensisEndemic (country/region)
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides nigerRare/Accidental
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Antillean Palm-SwiftTachornis phoenicobiaEndemic (country/region)

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubrisRare/Accidental
Bee HummingbirdMellisuga helenaeEndemic Near-threatened
Cuban EmeraldChlorostilbon ricordiiEndemic (country/region)

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Cuban TrogonPriotelus temnurusEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Todidae

Cuban TodyTodus multicolorEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

West Indian WoodpeckerMelanerpes superciliarisEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Cuban Green WoodpeckerXiphidiopicus percussusEndemic
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Fernandina's FlickerColaptes fernandinaeEndemic Vulnerable
Ivory-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus principalisRare/Accidental Critically endangered (possibly extinct)

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Cuban ParrotAmazona leucocephalaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Cuban MacawAra tricolorExtinct
Cuban ParakeetPsittacara euopsEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusRare/Accidental
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Cuban PeweeContopus caribaeusEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisRare/Accidental
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensRare/Accidental
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorumRare/Accidental
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusRare/Accidental
La Sagra's FlycatcherMyiarchus sagraeEndemic (country/region)
Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusRare/Accidental
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Loggerhead KingbirdTyrannus caudifasciatus
Giant KingbirdTyrannus cubensisEndemic Endangered
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseus
Thick-billed VireoVireo crassirostris
Cuban VireoVireo gundlachiiEndemic
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusRare/Accidental
Warbling VireoVireo gilvusRare/Accidental
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Palm CrowCorvus palmarumNear-threatened
Cuban CrowCorvus nasicusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Cuban MartinProgne cryptoleuca
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Bahama SwallowTachycineta cyaneoviridisRare/Accidental Endangered
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Zapata WrenFerminia cerveraiEndemic Endangered
House WrenTroglodytes aedonRare/Accidental
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustrisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea
Cuban GnatcatcherPolioptila lembeyeiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisRare/Accidental
Cuban SolitaireMyadestes elisabethEndemic Near-threatened
VeeryCatharus fuscescensRare/Accidental
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusRare/Accidental
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusRare/Accidental
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusRare/Accidental
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental
Red-legged ThrushTurdus plumbeus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental
Bahama MockingbirdMimus gundlachiiEndemic (country/region)
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Bachman's WarblerVermivora bachmaniiCritically endangered (possibly extinct)
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Virginia's WarblerOreothlypis virginiaeRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Olive-capped WarblerSetophaga pityophilaEndemic (country/region)
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Gray WarblerSetophaga nigrescensRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed WarblerTeretistris fernandinaeEndemic
Oriente WarblerTeretistris fornsiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaRare/Accidental
BananaquitCoereba flaveolaRare/Accidental
Cuban GrassquitTiaris canorusEndemic
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolorRare/Accidental
Cuban BullfinchMelopyrrha nigraEndemic (country/region)
Western SpindalisSpindalis zena

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Green-tailed TowheePipilo chlorurusRare/Accidental
Zapata SparrowTorreornis inexpectataEndemic Endangered
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaRare/Accidental
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaRare/Accidental
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacusRare/Accidental
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Western TanagerPiranga ludovicianaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Lazuli BuntingPasserina amoenaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisNear-threatened
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-shouldered BlackbirdAgelaius assimilisEndemic
Tawny-shouldered BlackbirdAgelaius humeralisEndemic (country/region)
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
Cuban BlackbirdDives atroviolaceusEndemic
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Greater Antillean GrackleQuiscalus nigerEndemic (country/region)
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterRare/Accidental
Cuban OrioleIcterus melanopsisEndemic
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Hooded OrioleIcterus cucullatusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

American GoldfinchSpinus tristisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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