Bird checklists - taxonomy - distribution - maps - links
Welcome guest


Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Estonia

This checklist includes all bird species found in Estonia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

Go back to Bird Checklists of the World
Go back to Bird Links to the World

Change display options:

Select another taxonomy:

Select another second language:

Select another region:

Select another format:

You must be logged in to view your lifelist details. To register to myAvibase click here.

Country or region: Estonia
Number of species: 388
Number of globally threatened species: 12
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2012-05-29
See also: http://www.eoy.ee/en/node/313

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriVulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Eurasian CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Hazel GrouseBonasa bonasia
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiNear-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusRare/Accidental Critically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusRare/Accidental Endangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicusRare/Accidental
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Common MurreUria aalge
RazorbillAlca torda
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Ross's GullRhodostethia roseaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalusRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ulula
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctuaRare/Accidental
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosa
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniRare/Accidental
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental Endangered
GyrfalconFalco rusticolusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroidesRare/Accidental
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinusRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senatorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustusRare/Accidental
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescensRare/Accidental
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestrisRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Gray-headed ChickadeePoecile cinctusRare/Accidental
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallidaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nanaRare/Accidental
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopeRare/Accidental
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicolaRare/Accidental
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurusRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
Naumann's ThrushTurdus naumanniRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collarisRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskiiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaRare/Accidental
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza brunicepsRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandraRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineusRare/Accidental
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 

References (partial list)

Avibase has been visited 179,128,135 times since 24 June 2003. © Denis Lepage | Privacy policy