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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Western Sahara

This checklist includes all bird species found in Western Sahara , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Western Sahara
Number of species: 335
Number of globally threatened species: 12

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaCritically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotusRare/Accidental
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliiRare/Accidental Endangered
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Spanish EagleAquila adalbertiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabatesRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Arabian BustardArdeotis arabsRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulata

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca tordaRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Golden NightjarCaprimulgus eximiusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolorRare/Accidental
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Great TitParus major

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Cricket LongtailSpiloptila clamans
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
African Desert WarblerSylvia deserti
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza ciaRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
House BuntingEmberiza sahari
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Sudan Golden SparrowPasser luteusRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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