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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Gulf of Guinea Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in Gulf of Guinea Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Gulf of Guinea Islands
Number of species: 315
Number of endemics: 29
Number of globally threatened species: 15
Number of introduced species: 2

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotosRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Scaly FrancolinFrancolinus squamatus
Double-spurred FrancolinFrancolinus bicalcaratus
Red-necked FrancolinFrancolinus afer
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Blue QuailCoturnix adansonii

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Ascension Island FrigatebirdFregata aquilaRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Olive IbisBostrychia olivacea
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusRare/Accidental
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental Endangered
Red-chested GoshawkAccipiter toussenelii
Chestnut-flanked SparrowhawkAccipiter castanilius
Black KiteMilvus migrans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

African RailRallus caerulescens
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulata

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans

 
GRUIFORMES: Heliornithidae

African FinfootPodica senegalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Rock PratincoleGlareola nuchalis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Damara TernSternula balaenarumNear-threatened
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
Cameroon PigeonColumba sjostedti
Maroon PigeonColumba thomensisEndemic Endangered
Sao Tome PigeonColumba malherbiiEndemic Near-threatened
Lemon DoveColumba larvata
Forest DoveColumba simplexEndemic
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Sao Tome Green-PigeonTreron sanctithomaeEndemic Vulnerable
African Green-PigeonTreron calvus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Musophagidae

Great Blue TuracoCorythaeola cristata
Yellow-billed TuracoTauraco macrorhynchus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Red-chested CuckooCuculus solitarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
YellowbillCeuthmochares aereus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensis
Sao Tome Scops-OwlOtus hartlaubiEndemic Vulnerable
Fraser's Eagle-OwlBubo poensis
African Wood-OwlStrix woodfordii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Pennant-winged NightjarCaprimulgus vexillariusRare/Accidental
Black-shouldered NightjarCaprimulgus nigriscapularis
Fiery-necked NightjarCaprimulgus pectoralis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Sao Tome SpinetailZoonavena thomensisEndemic
Sabine's SpinetailRhaphidura sabini
Cassin's SpinetailNeafrapus cassini
Scarce SwiftSchoutedenapus myoptilus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
African SwiftApus barbatus
Little SwiftApus affinis
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
TROGONIFORMES: Trogonidae

Bar-tailed TrogonApaloderma vittatum

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
White-bellied KingfisherCorythornis leucogaster
Chocolate-backed KingfisherHalcyon badia
Woodland KingfisherHalcyon senegalensis
Blue-breasted KingfisherHalcyon malimbica
Giant KingfisherMegaceryle maximus
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-moustached Bee-eaterMerops mentalisNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus
Blue-throated RollerEurystomus gularis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Black-casqued HornbillCeratogymna atrata

 
PICIFORMES: Lybiidae

Speckled TinkerbirdPogoniulus scolopaceus
Yellow-throated TinkerbirdPogoniulus subsulphureus
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus

 
PICIFORMES: Indicatoridae

Least HoneyguideIndicator exilis

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Tullberg's WoodpeckerCampethera tullbergi
Buff-spotted WoodpeckerCampethera nivosa
Elliot's WoodpeckerDendropicos elliotii
Gray WoodpeckerDendropicos goertae

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis pullarius
Gray ParrotPsittacus erithacus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calyptomenidae

Gray-headed BroadbillSmithornis sharpei

 
PASSERIFORMES: Platysteiridae

Chestnut Wattle-eyePlatysteira castanea
Black-necked Wattle-eyePlatysteira chalybea
Fernando Po BatisBatis poensis
West African BatisBatis occulta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

African Shrike-flycatcherMegabyas flammulatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Luehder's BushshrikeLaniarius luehderiIntroduced species
Mountain Sooty BoubouLaniarius poensis
Fuelleborn's BoubouLaniarius fuelleborni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Gray CuckooshrikeCoracina caesia
Blue CuckooshrikeCyanograucalus azureus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Newton's FiscalLanius newtoniEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Sao Tome OrioleOriolus crassirostrisEndemic Vulnerable
Black-winged OrioleOriolus nigripennis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis
Velvet-mantled DrongoDicrurus modestus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Black-headed Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone rufiventer
Sao Tome Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrochalybeiaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Picathartidae

Gray-necked RockfowlPicathartes oreasVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Banded MartinRiparia cinctaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Lesser Striped-SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental
Mountain SawwingPsalidoprocne fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

White-bellied Crested-FlycatcherElminia albiventris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Slender-billed GreenbulStelgidillas gracilirostris
Golden GreenbulCalyptocichla serinus
Lesser BristlebillBleda notatus
Cameroon Mountain GreenbulArizelocichla montanaNear-threatened
Western Mountain-GreenbulArizelocichla tephrolaema
Red-tailed GreenbulCriniger calurus
Eastern Bearded-GreenbulCriniger chloronotus
Plain GreenbulEurillas curvirostris
Yellow-whiskered GreenbulEurillas latirostris
Little GreenbulEurillas virens
Leaf-lovePhyllastrephus scandens
Cameroon Olive-GreenbulPhyllastrephus poensis
Icterine GreenbulPhyllastrephus icterinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Macrosphenidae

Yellow LongbillMacrosphenus flavicans
Gray LongbillMacrosphenus concolor
Green HyliaHylia prasina
Tit-hyliaPholidornis rushiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Black-capped Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus herberti
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Greater Swamp-WarblerAcrocephalus rufescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Evergreen-forest WarblerBradypterus lopezi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Black-capped ApalisApalis nigriceps
Masked ApalisApalis binotata
Buff-throated ApalisApalis rufogularis
Gray ApalisApalis cinerea
White-tailed WarblerPoliolais lopeziNear-threatened
Yellow-browed CamaropteraCamaroptera superciliaris
Olive-green CamaropteraCamaroptera chloronota
Green LongtailUrolais epichlorus
Sao Tome PriniaPrinia molleriEndemic
Rufous-crowned EremomelaEremomela badiceps

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

African Hill BabblerSylvia abyssinica
Dohrn's Thrush-BabblerSylvia dohrniEndemic
Garden WarblerSylvia borin

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensis
Fernando Po SpeiropsZosterops brunneusEndemic Vulnerable
Black-capped SpeiropsZosterops lugubrisEndemic
Principe SpeiropsZosterops leucophoeusEndemic Near-threatened
Sao Tome White-eyeZosterops feaeEndemic
Annobon White-eyeZosterops griseovirescensEndemic Vulnerable
Principe White-eyeZosterops ficedulinusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pellorneidae

Pale-breasted IlladopsisIlladopsis rufipennis
Blackcap IlladopsisIlladopsis cleaveri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Promeropidae

Gray-chested IlladopsisKakamega poliothorax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

African Forest-FlycatcherFraseria ocreata
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Dusky-brown FlycatcherMuscicapa adusta
Yellow-footed FlycatcherMuscicapa sethsmithi
Fire-crested AletheAlethe diademata
White-bellied Robin-ChatCossyphicula roberti
Brown-chested AlethePseudalethe poliocephala
Forest RobinStiphrornis erythrothorax
Bocage's AkalatSheppardia bocagei
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraRare/Accidental
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Rufous Flycatcher-ThrushNeocossyphus fraseri
White-tailed Ant-ThrushNeocossyphus poensis
Olive ThrushTurdus olivaceus
Sao Tome ThrushTurdus olivaceofuscusEndemic Near-threatened
Principe ThrushTurdus xanthorhynchusEndemic Critically endangered
African ThrushTurdus pelios

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Splendid Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis splendidus
Principe Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis ornatusEndemic
Chestnut-winged StarlingOnychognathus fulgidus
Waller's StarlingOnychognathus walleri
Narrow-tailed StarlingPoeoptera lugubris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Scarlet-tufted SunbirdDeleornis fraseri
Little Green SunbirdAnthreptes seimundi
Green SunbirdAnthreptes rectirostris
Collared SunbirdHedydipna collaris
Principe SunbirdAnabathmis hartlaubiiEndemic
Newton's SunbirdAnabathmis newtoniiEndemic
Sao Tome SunbirdDreptes thomensisEndemic Vulnerable
Blue-throated Brown SunbirdCyanomitra cyanolaema
Cameroon SunbirdCyanomitra oritis
Western Olive SunbirdCyanomitra obscura
Carmelite SunbirdChalcomitra fuliginosa
Green-throated SunbirdChalcomitra rubescens
Olive-bellied SunbirdCinnyris chloropygius
Tiny SunbirdCinnyris minullus
Northern Double-collared SunbirdCinnyris reichenowi
Ursula's SunbirdCinnyris ursulaeNear-threatened
Bates's SunbirdCinnyris batesi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Mountain WagtailMotacilla clara
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Sao Tome Short-tailAmaurocichla bocagiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Oriole FinchLinurgus olivaceus
Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicus
Thick-billed SeedeaterSerinus burtoni
Principe SeedeaterSerinus rufobrunneusEndemic
Sao Tome GrosbeakNeospiza concolorEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Red-crowned MalimbeMalimbus coronatus
Red-headed MalimbeMalimbus rubricollis
Black-necked WeaverPloceus nigricollis
Black-billed WeaverPloceus melanogaster
Principe Golden-WeaverPloceus princepsEndemic
Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatus
Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Giant WeaverPloceus grandisEndemic
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Maxwell's Black WeaverPloceus albinucha
Forest WeaverPloceus bicolor
Brown-capped WeaverPloceus insignis
Sao Tome WeaverPloceus sanctithomaeEndemic
Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythrops
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Golden-backed BishopEuplectes aureus
Yellow BishopEuplectes capensis
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Pale-fronted NigritaNigrita luteifrons
Gray-headed NigritaNigrita canicapillus
Chestnut-breasted NigritaNigrita bicolor
White-breasted NigritaNigrita fusconotus
Fernando Po OlivebackNesocharis shelleyi
Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Red-faced Crimson-wingCryptospiza reichenovii
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
Black-crowned WaxbillEstrilda nonnula
Blue-breasted CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensis
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullatus
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura

 

References (partial list)

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