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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Gibraltar

This checklist includes all bird species found in Gibraltar , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Gibraltar
Number of species: 310
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2007-09-26
See also: http://www.gonhs.org/Birds_000.htm

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixRare/Accidental
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusRare/Accidental

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Arctic LoonGavia arcticaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzettaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
LammergeierGypaetus barbatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliRare/Accidental Endangered
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaRare/Accidental
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Spanish EagleAquila adalbertiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciataRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Common BuzzardButeo buteoRare/Accidental
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinusRare/Accidental

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrioRare/Accidental
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atraExtirpated

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimusRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticolaRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca torda
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus geneiRare/Accidental
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchataRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix alucoRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental
White-rumped SwiftApus cafferRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos majorRare/Accidental
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalisRare/Accidental
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian MagpiePica picaRare/Accidental
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculusRare/Accidental
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
House CrowCorvus splendensRare/Accidental
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescensRare/Accidental
Crested LarkGalerida cristataRare/Accidental
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arboreaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatusRare/Accidental
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma murariaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactylaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulusRare/Accidental
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cettiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianusRare/Accidental
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opacaRare/Accidental
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenusRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioidesRare/Accidental
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticolaRare/Accidental
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sardaRare/Accidental
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotesRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecicaRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Black WheatearOenanthe leucuraExtirpated
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collarisRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollisRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisRare/Accidental
YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaRare/Accidental
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusRare/Accidental
Rock BuntingEmberiza ciaRare/Accidental
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandraRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythropsRare/Accidental
Red-billed QueleaQuelea queleaRare/Accidental
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesRare/Accidental
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildRare/Accidental

 

References (partial list)

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