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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Greenland

This checklist includes all bird species found in Greenland , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Greenland
Number of species: 244
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 1

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchus
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseChen canagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicus
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fuscaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandica
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Rock PtarmiganLagopus muta

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosRare/Accidental
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticusRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Common GallinuleGallinula galeataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisRare/Accidental Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticolaRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia
RazorbillAlca torda
Great AukPinguinus impennisExtinct
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle
Crested AukletAethia cristatellaRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Ivory GullPagophila eburneaNear-threatened
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Ross's GullRhodostethia rosea
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedulaRare/Accidental
RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestrisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Marsh WrenCistothorus palustrisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapillaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusRare/Accidental
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosRare/Accidental
American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

White WagtailMotacilla alba
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapillaRare/Accidental
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisRare/Accidental
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaRare/Accidental
Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaRare/Accidental
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaRare/Accidental
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaRare/Accidental
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensRare/Accidental
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinusRare/Accidental
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisRare/Accidental
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Fox SparrowPasserella iliacaRare/Accidental
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalusRare/Accidental
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsRare/Accidental
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleatorRare/Accidental
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRare/Accidental
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni

 

References (partial list)

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