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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
West Timor

This checklist includes all bird species found in West Timor , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: West Timor
Number of species: 247
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 1
See also: http://www.noord.bart.nl/~edcolijn

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
Radjah ShelduckTadorna radjah
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Orange-footed ScrubfowlMegapodius reinwardt

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Brown QuailCoturnix ypsilophora
Blue-breasted QuailCoturnix chinensis
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairaeData deficient

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiCritically endangered
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiae

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picata
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
Striated HeronButorides striata
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Australian IbisThreskiornis moluccus
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Spotted HarrierCircus assimilis
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed CrakePorzana cinerea
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus milesRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillus
Malaysian PloverCharadrius peroniiNear-threatened
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisVulnerable
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisVulnerable
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusNear-threatened
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
Island Collared-DoveStreptopelia bitorquata
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Dusky Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia magnaEndemic (country/region)
Little Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia ruficeps
Slaty Cuckoo-DoveTuracoena modestaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Barred DoveGeopelia maugeiEndemic (country/region)
Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobaricaNear-threatened
Wetar Ground-DoveGallicolumba hoedtiiEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Timor Green-PigeonTreron psittaceusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Black-backed Fruit-DovePtilinopus cinctusEndemic (country/region)
Rose-crowned Fruit-DovePtilinopus regina
Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonDucula rosaceaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Timor Imperial-PigeonDucula cineraceaEndemic (country/region) Endangered

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus
Sunda CuckooCuculus lepidus
Pallid CuckooCacomantis pallidus
Horsfield's Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx basalis
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Australian KoelEudynamys cyanocephalus
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Pheasant CoucalCentropus phasianinus
Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
White-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Cinnamon-banded KingfisherTodiramphus australasiaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensisEndemic (country/region)
Australian KestrelFalco cenchroides
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphureaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Olive-headed LorikeetTrichoglossus eutelesEndemic (country/region)
Iris LorikeetPsitteuteles irisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Olive-shouldered ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceusEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Elegant PittaPitta elegansEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Streak-breasted HoneyeaterMeliphaga reticulataEndemic (country/region)
Black-breasted MyzomelaMyzomela vulnerataEndemic (country/region)
Indonesian HoneyeaterLichmera limbataEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-eared HoneyeaterLichmera flavicansEndemic (country/region)
Timor FriarbirdPhilemon inornatusEndemic (country/region)
Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Plain GerygoneGerygone inornataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus
Black-faced WoodswallowArtamus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
Wallacean CuckooshrikeCoracina personataEndemic (country/region)
White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueuriiEndemic (country/region)
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheusEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-throated WhistlerPachycephala macrorhynchaEndemic (country/region)
Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Timor OrioleOriolus melanotisEndemic (country/region)
Green FigbirdSphecotheres viridisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Island MonarchMonarcha cinerascens
Spectacled MonarchSymposiachrus trivirgatus
Magpie-larkGrallina cyanoleuca
Broad-billed FlycatcherMyiagra ruficollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon ariel
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pnoepygidae

Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Timor StubtailUrosphena subulataEndemic (country/region)
Sunda Bush-WarblerHorornis vulcanius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Timor Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus presbytesEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-breasted WarblerSeicercus montis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Tawny GrassbirdMegalurus timoriensis
Russet Bush-WarblerLocustella mandelli
Timor Bush-WarblerLocustella timorensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Buff-banded BushbirdBuettikoferella bivittataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Timor White-eyeHeleia muelleriEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Mountain White-eyeZosterops montanus
Ashy-bellied White-eyeZosterops citrinella

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Timor Blue-FlycatcherCyornis hyacinthinusEndemic (country/region)
Lesser ShortwingBrachypteryx leucophrys
Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
Black-banded FlycatcherFicedula timorensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Timor BushchatSaxicola gutturalisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Orange-banded ThrushGeokichla peroniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
Red-chested FlowerpeckerDicaeum maugeiEndemic (country/region)
Blood-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum sanguinolentumEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
Flame-breasted SunbirdCinnyris solarisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Oriental PipitAnthus rufulus
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata
Tricolored ParrotfinchErythrura tricolorEndemic (country/region)
Black-faced MuniaLonchura moluccaEndemic (country/region)
Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulata
Five-colored MuniaLonchura quinticolorEndemic (country/region)
Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallidaEndemic (country/region)
Timor SparrowLonchura fuscataEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 

References (partial list)

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