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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
West Timor

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This checklist includes all bird species found in West Timor , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2017. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2017

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Country or region: West Timor [map]
Number of species: 335
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Number of introduced species: 2
See also: http://www.noord.bart.nl/~edcolijn

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
Radjah ShelduckTadorna radjah
Green Pygmy-GooseNettapus pulchellus
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Sunda TealAnas gibberifronsNear-threatened
Gray TealAnas gracilis
White-eyed DuckAythya australis

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Orange-footed ScrubfowlMegapodius reinwardt

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Brown QuailSynoicus ypsilophorus
Blue-breasted QuailSynoicus chinensis
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasNear-threatened
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairaeVulnerable

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel
Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiCritically endangered
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiae

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretArdea intermedia
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picata
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Australian IbisThreskiornis molucca
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Spotted HarrierCircus assimilis
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Red-legged CrakeRallina fasciata
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
White-browed CrakeAmaurornis cinerea
Ruddy-breasted CrakeZapornia fusca
Spotless CrakeZapornia tabuensis
Australasian SwamphenPorphyrio melanotus
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Javan LapwingVanellus macropterusEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Masked LapwingVanellus milesRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillus
Malaysian PloverCharadrius peroniiNear-threatened
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisEndangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisEndangered
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisNear-threatened
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusNear-threatened
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
Island Collared-DoveStreptopelia bitorquata
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Barred Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia unchall
Timor Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia magnaEndemic (country/region)
Little Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia ruficeps
Slaty Cuckoo-DoveTuracoena modestaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Asian Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Pacific Emerald DoveChalcophaps longirostris
Wetar Ground-DoveAlopecoenas hoedtiiEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Zebra DoveGeopelia striata
Barred DoveGeopelia maugeusEndemic (country/region)
Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobaricaNear-threatened
Sumba Green-PigeonTreron teysmanniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Timor Green-PigeonTreron psittaceusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Black-backed Fruit-DovePtilinopus cinctusEndemic (country/region)
Red-naped Fruit-DovePtilinopus dohertyiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Rose-crowned Fruit-DovePtilinopus regina
Black-naped Fruit-DovePtilinopus melanospilus
Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aenea
Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonDucula rosaceaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Dark-backed Imperial-PigeonDucula lacernulataEndemic (country/region)
Timor Imperial-PigeonDucula cineraceaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis
Pheasant CoucalCentropus phasianinus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Pacific KoelEudynamys orientalis
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Horsfield's Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx basalis
Black-eared CuckooChrysococcyx osculans
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
Pallid CuckooCacomantis pallidus
Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus
Sunda CuckooCuculus lepidus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Sumba BoobookNinox rudolfiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Least BoobookNinox sumbaensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
Mees's NightjarCaprimulgus meesiEndemic (country/region)
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Cave SwiftletCollocalia linchi
Drab SwiftletCollocalia neglecta
White-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis
Asian Palm-SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Sumba HornbillRhyticeros everettiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Blue-eared KingfisherAlcedo meninting
Small Blue KingfisherAlcedo coerulescensEndemic (country/region)
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Cinnamon-banded KingfisherTodiramphus australasiaEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
White-rumped KingfisherCaridonax fulgidusEndemic (country/region)

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensisEndemic (country/region)
Australian KestrelFalco cenchroides
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphureaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Olive-shouldered ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceusEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Eclectus ParrotEclectus roratus
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Iris LorikeetPsitteuteles irisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Olive-headed LorikeetTrichoglossus eutelesEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Elegant PittaPitta elegansEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Streak-breasted HoneyeaterMeliphaga reticulataEndemic (country/region)
Sumba MyzomelaMyzomela dammermaniEndemic (country/region)
Black-breasted MyzomelaMyzomela vulnerataEndemic (country/region)
Sunda HoneyeaterLichmera lombokiaEndemic (country/region)
Indonesian HoneyeaterLichmera limbataEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-eared HoneyeaterLichmera flavicansEndemic (country/region)
Timor FriarbirdPhilemon inornatusEndemic (country/region)
Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Golden-bellied GerygoneGerygone sulphurea
Plain GerygoneGerygone inornataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus
Black-faced WoodswallowArtamus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithinidae

Common IoraAegithina tiphia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
Javan CuckooshrikeCoracina javensis
Wallacean CuckooshrikeCoracina personataEndemic (country/region)
White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueuriiEndemic (country/region)
Pale-shouldered CicadabirdEdolisoma dohertyiEndemic (country/region)
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheusEndemic (country/region)
Rusty-breasted WhistlerPachycephala fulvotincta
Yellow-throated WhistlerPachycephala macrorhynchaEndemic (country/region)
Mangrove WhistlerPachycephala cinerea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Tiger ShrikeLanius tigrinus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Timor OrioleOriolus melanotisEndemic (country/region)
Green FigbirdSphecotheres viridisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris
Malaysian Pied-FantailRhipidura javanicaRare/Accidental
Rufous FantailRhipidura rufifrons
Arafura FantailRhipidura dryas

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Blyth's Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone affinis
Island MonarchMonarcha cinerascens
Spectacled MonarchSymposiachrus trivirgatus
Magpie-larkGrallina cyanoleuca
Broad-billed FlycatcherMyiagra ruficollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Racket-tailed TreepieCrypsirina temia
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon ariel
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

Gray-headed Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster
Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pnoepygidae

Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Timor StubtailUrosphena subulataEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-bellied WarblerAbroscopus superciliaris
Mountain TailorbirdPhyllergates cucullatus
Sunda Bush WarblerHorornis vulcanius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Kamchatka Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus examinandus
Japanese Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus xanthodryas
Mountain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus trivirgatus
Sulawesi Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus sarasinorumEndemic (country/region)
Timor Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus presbytesEndemic (country/region)
Yellow-breasted WarblerSeicercus montis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
Australian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus australis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Tawny GrassbirdMegalurus timoriensis
Gray's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella fasciolata
Sakhalin Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella amnicola
Russet Bush WarblerLocustella mandelli
Timor Bush WarblerLocustella timorensisEndemic (country/region)
Buff-banded BushbirdBuettikoferella bivittataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis
Olive-backed TailorbirdOrthotomus sepiumEndemic (country/region)
Bar-winged PriniaPrinia familiarisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Timor White-eyeHeleia muelleriEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Mountain White-eyeZosterops montanus
Ashy-bellied White-eyeZosterops citrinella
Yellow-spectacled White-eyeZosterops wallaceiEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
Sumba Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa segregataEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Timor Blue FlycatcherCyornis hyacinthinusEndemic (country/region)
Flores Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis oscillansEndemic (country/region)
Lesser ShortwingBrachypteryx leucophris
Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
Sumba FlycatcherFicedula hartertiEndemic (country/region)
Black-banded FlycatcherFicedula timorensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Timor BushchatSaxicola gutturalisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpresNear-threatened
Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Orange-banded ThrushGeokichla peroniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor
Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Pale-bellied MynaAcridotheres cinereusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
Black-fronted FlowerpeckerDicaeum igniferumEndemic (country/region)
Red-chested FlowerpeckerDicaeum maugeiEndemic (country/region)
Blood-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum sanguinolentumEndemic (country/region)
Scarlet-headed FlowerpeckerDicaeum trochileumEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Plain-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensis
Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
Apricot-breasted SunbirdCinnyris buettikoferiEndemic (country/region)
Flame-breasted SunbirdCinnyris solarisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensis
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Paddyfield PipitAnthus rufulus
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata
Tricolored ParrotfinchErythrura tricolorEndemic (country/region)
Javan MuniaLonchura leucogastroidesEndemic (country/region)
Black-faced MuniaLonchura moluccaEndemic (country/region)
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
Five-colored MuniaLonchura quinticolorEndemic (country/region)
White-headed MuniaLonchura maja
Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallidaEndemic (country/region)
Timor SparrowLonchura fuscataEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 

References (partial list)

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