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Aru Island

This checklist includes all bird species found in Aru Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Aru Island
Description: 85 islands (the largest are Warilau, Kola, Wokam, Kobroor, Maikoor and Trangan)
Number of species: 244
Number of endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 3
See also: http://www.birdsofmelanesia.net/indonesia8/aru.pdf

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Casuariidae

Southern CassowaryCasuarius casuariusVulnerable

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Spotted Whistling-DuckDendrocygna guttata
Radjah ShelduckTadorna radjah
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Gray TealAnas gracilis

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Black-billed Brush-TurkeyTalegalla fuscirostris
Dusky ScrubfowlMegapodius freycinet
Orange-footed ScrubfowlMegapodius reinwardt

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataNear-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black-necked StorkEphippiorhynchus asiaticusNear-threatened

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Abbott's BoobyPapasula abbottiEndangered

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Forest BitternZonerodius heliosylusNear-threatened
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picata
Striated HeronButorides striata
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Straw-necked IbisThreskiornis spinicollis

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Long-tailed Honey-buzzardHenicopernis longicauda
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Gurney's EagleAquila gurneyiNear-threatened
Variable GoshawkAccipiter hiogaster
Gray-headed GoshawkAccipiter poliocephalus
Collared SparrowhawkAccipiter cirrocephalus
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Red-necked CrakeRallina tricolor
Bare-eyed RailGymnocrex plumbeiventris
Rufous-tailed Bush-henAmaurornis moluccana
Chestnut RailEulabeornis castaneoventris
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Pied OystercatcherHaematopus longirostris

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisVulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Slender-billed Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia amboinensis
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Stephan's DoveChalcophaps stephani
New Guinea BronzewingHenicophaps albifrons
Zebra DoveGeopelia striata
Cinnamon Ground-DoveGallicolumba rufigula
Pheasant PigeonOtidiphaps nobilis
Pink-spotted Fruit-DovePtilinopus perlatus
Orange-fronted Fruit-DovePtilinopus aurantiifrons
Wallace's Fruit-DovePtilinopus wallaciiEndemic (country/region)
Superb Fruit-DovePtilinopus superbus
Rose-crowned Fruit-DovePtilinopus regina
Coroneted Fruit-DovePtilinopus coronulatus
White-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus rivoli
Orange-bellied Fruit-DovePtilinopus iozonus
Elegant Imperial-PigeonDucula concinnaEndemic (country/region)
Pinon Imperial-PigeonDucula pinon
Collared Imperial-PigeonDucula mullerii
Zoe Imperial-PigeonDucula zoeae
Pied Imperial-PigeonDucula bicolor
Torresian Imperial-PigeonDucula spilorrhoa

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
Chestnut-breasted CuckooCacomantis castaneiventris
Fan-tailed CuckooCacomantis flabelliformis
Black-eared CuckooChrysococcyx osculans
Horsfield's Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx basalis
Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
Long-billed CuckooRhamphomantis megarhynchus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Greater Black CoucalCentropus menbeki

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Rufous OwlNinox rufa

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Aegothelidae

Wallace's Owlet-NightjarAegotheles wallaciiData deficient
Archbold's Owlet-NightjarAegotheles archboldi
Vogelkop Owlet-NightjarAegotheles affinis
Barred Owlet-NightjarAegotheles bennettii

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Podargidae

Marbled FrogmouthPodargus ocellatus
Papuan FrogmouthPodargus papuensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Spotted NightjarEurostopodus argus
Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensis

 
APODIFORMES: Hemiprocnidae

Moustached TreeswiftHemiprocne mystacea

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Azure KingfisherCeyx azureus
Little KingfisherCeyx pusillus
Variable Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx lepidus
Spangled KookaburraDacelo tyro
Rufous-bellied KookaburraDacelo gaudichaud
Forest KingfisherTodiramphus macleayii
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus
Yellow-billed KingfisherSyma torotoro
Little Paradise-KingfisherTanysiptera hydrocharisData deficient

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroides
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Palm CockatooProbosciger aterrimus
Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galerita

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Yellow-streaked LoryChalcopsitta sintillata
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Red-flanked LorikeetCharmosyna placentis
Yellow-capped Pygmy-ParrotMicropsitta keiensis
Orange-breasted Fig-ParrotCyclopsitta gulielmitertii
Double-eyed Fig-ParrotCyclopsitta diophthalma
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Eclectus ParrotEclectus roratus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Hooded PittaPitta sordida
Red-bellied PittaPitta erythrogaster

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ptilonorhynchidae

Spotted CatbirdAiluroedus melanotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Maluridae

Wallace's FairywrenSipodotus wallacii
Emperor FairywrenMalurus cyanocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Streak-headed HoneyeaterPycnopygius stictocephalus
Puff-backed HoneyeaterMeliphaga aruensis
Mimic HoneyeaterMeliphaga analoga
Graceful HoneyeaterMeliphaga gracilis
Brown-backed HoneyeaterRamsayornis modestus
Rufous-banded HoneyeaterConopophila albogularis
Dusky MyzomelaMyzomela obscura
Black MyzomelaMyzomela nigrita
Red-headed MyzomelaMyzomela erythrocephala
Green-backed HoneyeaterGlycichaera fallax
Brown HoneyeaterLichmera indistincta
Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides
Tawny-breasted HoneyeaterXanthotis flaviventer
Long-billed HoneyeaterMelilestes megarhynchus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Rusty Mouse-WarblerCrateroscelis murina
Tropical ScrubwrenSericornis beccarii
Large ScrubwrenSericornis nouhuysi
Pale-billed ScrubwrenSericornis spilodera
Green-backed GerygoneGerygone chloronota
Fairy GerygoneGerygone palpebrosa
Yellow-bellied GerygoneGerygone chrysogaster
Large-billed GerygoneGerygone magnirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Melanocharitidae

Black BerrypeckerMelanocharis nigra
Yellow-bellied LongbillToxorhamphus novaeguineae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Machaerirhynchidae

Yellow-breasted BoatbillMachaerirhynchus flaviventer

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Mountain PeltopsPeltops montanus
Hooded ButcherbirdCracticus cassicus
Black ButcherbirdCracticus quoyi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Stout-billed CuckooshrikeCoracina caeruleogrisea
Barred CuckooshrikeCoracina lineata
White-bellied CuckooshrikeCoracina papuensis
Varied TrillerLalage leucomela
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre
Gray-headed CicadabirdEdolisoma schisticeps
Black CicadabirdEdolisoma melan

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Wattled PloughbillEulacestoma nigropectus
Rusty PitohuiColluricincla ferruginea
Rufous Shrike-ThrushColluricincla megarhyncha
Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis
Island WhistlerPachycephala phaionotaEndemic (country/region)
Gray WhistlerPachycephala simplex
Black-headed WhistlerPachycephala monachaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Variable PitohuiPitohui kirhocephalus
Green OrioleOriolus flavocinctus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Spangled DrongoDicrurus bracteatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris
Sooty Thicket-FantailRhipidura threnothorax
Black Thicket-FantailRhipidura maculipectus
Willie-wagtailRhipidura leucophrys
Rufous FantailRhipidura rufifrons
Arafura FantailRhipidura dryas
Chestnut-bellied FantailRhipidura hyperythra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Golden MonarchCarterornis chrysomela
Island MonarchMonarcha cinerascens
Spot-winged MonarchSymposiachrus guttula
Frilled MonarchArses telescophthalmus
Broad-billed FlycatcherMyiagra ruficollis
Shining FlycatcherMyiagra alecto

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Brown-headed CrowCorvus fuscicapillusEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paradisaeidae

Trumpet ManucodePhonygammus keraudrenii
Glossy-mantled ManucodeManucodia ater
King Bird-of-ParadiseCicinnurus regius
Greater Bird-of-ParadiseParadisaea apoda

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

Yellow-legged FlycatcherMicroeca griseoceps
Olive FlyrobinMicroeca flavovirescens
Mangrove RobinEopsaltria pulverulenta
Northern Scrub-RobinDrymodes superciliaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Lemon-bellied White-eyeZosterops chlorisEndemic (country/region)
New Guinea White-eyeZosterops novaeguineae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Metallic StarlingAplonis metallica
Singing StarlingAplonis cantoroides
Yellow-faced MynaMino dumontii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

MistletoebirdDicaeum hirundinaceum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Black SunbirdLeptocoma sericea
Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis

 

References (partial list)

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