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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Andaman & Nicobar

This checklist includes all bird species found in Andaman & Nicobar , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Andaman & Nicobar
Number of species: 281
Number of endemics: 23
Number of globally threatened species: 7
Number of introduced species: 3
See also: http://www.kolkatabirds.com/andamansclist.htm

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanica
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianus
Indian Spot-billed DuckAnas poecilorhynchaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Andaman TealAnas albogularisEndemic

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Nicobar ScrubfowlMegapodius nicobariensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Blue-breasted QuailCoturnix chinensis
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisNear-threatened

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black-necked StorkEphippiorhynchus asiaticusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensisRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Chinese Pond-HeronArdeola bacchus
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Malayan Night-HeronGorsachius melanolophus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Black BazaAviceda leuphotes
Nicobar Serpent-EagleSpilornis klossiEndemic Near-threatened
Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
Andaman Serpent-EagleSpilornis elginiEndemic Near-threatened
Changeable Hawk-EagleNisaetus limnaeetus
Crested Hawk-EagleNisaetus cirrhatus
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Nicobar SparrowhawkAccipiter butleriEndemic Vulnerable
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensis
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
BesraAccipiter virgatus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Andaman CrakeRallina canningiEndemic Near-threatened
Slaty-breasted RailGallirallus striatus
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Ruddy-breasted CrakePorzana fusca
WatercockGallicrex cinerea
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Great Thick-kneeEsacus recurvirostris
Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Gray-headed LapwingVanellus cinereus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisVulnerable
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Yellow-legged ButtonquailTurnix tanki

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Andaman Wood-PigeonColumba palumboidesEndemic Near-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebarica
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Andaman Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia rufipennisEndemic Near-threatened
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobaricaNear-threatened
Andaman Green-PigeonTreron chloropterusEndemic
Green Imperial-PigeonDucula aenea
Nicobar Imperial-PigeonDucula nicobaricaEndemic
Pied Imperial-PigeonDucula bicolor

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Chestnut-winged CuckooClamator coromandus
Large Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx sparverioidesRare/Accidental
Indian CuckooCuculus micropterus
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus
Asian Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx maculatus
Violet CuckooChrysococcyx xanthorhynchus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Greater CoucalCentropus sinensis
Andaman CoucalCentropus andamanensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba
Andaman Masked-OwlTyto deroepstorffiEndemic

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Andaman Scops-OwlOtus balliEndemic Near-threatened
Nicobar Scops-OwlOtus aliusEndemic Data deficient
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
Andaman BoobookNinox affinisEndemic Near-threatened
Brown BoobookNinox scutulata
Hume's BoobookNinox obscuraEndemic

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Gray NightjarCaprimulgus indicusRare/Accidental
Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
Andaman NightjarCaprimulgus andamanicusEndemic
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Brown-backed NeedletailHirundapus giganteus
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostris
White-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Common SwiftApus apusRare/Accidental
Dark-rumped SwiftApus acuticaudaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Blue-eared KingfisherAlcedo meninting
Black-backed Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx erithaca
Stork-billed KingfisherPelargopsis capensis
Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Black-capped KingfisherHalcyon pileata
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Chestnut-headed Bee-eaterMerops leschenaulti

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epopsRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Wreathed HornbillAceros undulatus
Narcondam HornbillAceros narcondamiEndemic Endangered

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Fulvous-breasted WoodpeckerDendrocopos macei
Freckle-breasted WoodpeckerDendrocopos analis
Andaman WoodpeckerDryocopus hodgeiNear-threatened
Common FlamebackDinopium javanense

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatria
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri
Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandri
Nicobar ParakeetPsittacula canicepsEndemic Near-threatened
Long-tailed ParakeetPsittacula longicaudaNear-threatened
Vernal Hanging-ParrotLoriculus vernalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Hooded PittaPitta sordida

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Small MinivetPericrocotus cinnamomeus
Orange MinivetPericrocotus flammeus
Scarlet MinivetPericrocotus speciosus
Ashy MinivetPericrocotus divaricatusRare/Accidental
Large CuckooshrikeCoracina macei
Andaman CuckooshrikeCoracina dobsoniEndemic
Pied TrillerLalage nigra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Mangrove WhistlerPachycephala cinerea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Black-naped OrioleOriolus chinensis
Black-hooded OrioleOriolus xanthornus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusRare/Accidental
Crow-billed DrongoDicrurus annectans
Andaman DrongoDicrurus andamanensisNear-threatened
Greater Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus paradiseus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Black-naped MonarchHypothymis azurea
Asian Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Gray TreepieDendrocitta formosae
Andaman TreepieDendrocitta bayleiiNear-threatened
House CrowCorvus splendens
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Stenostiridae

Gray-headed Canary-FlycatcherCulicicapa ceylonensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Cinereous TitParus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Black-headed BulbulPycnonotus atriceps
Andaman BulbulPycnonotus fuscoflavescensEndemic
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus
Nicobar BulbulHypsipetes virescensNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Pale-footed Bush-WarblerUrosphena pallidipes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides
Pale-legged Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus tenellipes
Large-billed Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus magnirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Thick-billed WarblerIduna aedon
Black-browed Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus bistrigiceps
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Pallas's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiola
Lanceolated WarblerLocustella lanceolata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Oriental White-eyeZosterops palpebrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Irenidae

Asian Fairy-bluebirdIrena puella

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa latirostris
Oriental Magpie-RobinCopsychus saularis
White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricus
Andaman ShamaCopsychus albiventrisEndemic
Tickell's Blue-FlycatcherCyornis tickelliaeRare/Accidental
Brown-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis brunneatus
Nicobar Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis nicobaricusEndemic
Siberian Blue RobinLarvivora cyaneRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Blue-fronted RobinCinclidium frontaleRare/Accidental
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicillaRare/Accidental
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitariusRare/Accidental
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibirica
Orange-headed ThrushGeokichla citrina
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
Common Hill MynaGracula religiosa
Jungle MynaAcridotheres fuscus
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Daurian StarlingSturnia sturnina
White-headed StarlingSturnia erythropygia
Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

Pale-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum erythrorhynchos
Plain FlowerpeckerDicaeum minullum
Andaman FlowerpeckerDicaeum virescensEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis
Crimson SunbirdAethopyga siparaja

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla tschutschensisRare/Accidental
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Oriental PipitAnthus rufulus
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskii
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaVulnerable
Chestnut BuntingEmberiza rutila

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
White-rumped MuniaLonchura striata
Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulata

 

References (partial list)

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