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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Iraq

This checklist includes all bird species found in Iraq , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Iraq
Number of species: 420
Number of globally threatened species: 19
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2012-02-19

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas strepera
Falcated DuckAnas falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukar
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularisVulnerable
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensRare/Accidental
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbrettaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayiiRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetraxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged PloverVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteiniiRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensisExtirpated
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos mediusRare/Accidental
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusRare/Accidental
Saker FalconFalco cherrug
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Persian NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygosRare/Accidental
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianusRare/Accidental
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Basra Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisEndangered
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioidesRare/Accidental
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Desert WhitethroatSylvia minula
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Iraq BabblerTurdoides altirostris
Afghan BabblerTurdoides huttoni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotusRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprataRare/Accidental
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monachaRare/Accidental
Hume's WheatearOenanthe albonigra
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moestaRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Long-billed PipitAnthus similisRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza brunicepsRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineusRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhulaRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacusVulnerable
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollis
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 

References (partial list)

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