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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Toscana

This checklist includes all bird species found in Toscana , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Toscana
Number of species: 424
Number of globally threatened species: 17
Number of introduced species: 2
Date last reviewed: 2009-04-23
See also: http://www.ebnitalia.it/lists.htm

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Rock PartridgeAlectoris graecaNear-threatened
ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufa
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immer
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiNear-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusRare/Accidental Critically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaExtirpated Critically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Striped CrakeAenigmatolimnas marginalisRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoRare/Accidental
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursorRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Common MurreUria aalgeRare/Accidental
RazorbillAlca torda
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchataRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicusRare/Accidental
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipesRare/Accidental
Dupont's LarkChersophilus dupontiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculataRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescensRare/Accidental
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoriaRare/Accidental
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sarda
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Siberian RubythroatCalliope calliopeRare/Accidental
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Black WheatearOenanthe leucuraExtirpated
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibiricaRare/Accidental
Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesiaRare/Accidental
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucopteraRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Citril FinchSerinus citrinella
Corsican FinchSerinus corsicanus
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Italian SparrowPasser italiae
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava

 

References (partial list)

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