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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Lebanon

This checklist includes all bird species found in Lebanon , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Lebanon
Number of species: 383
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2012-02-19

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Rock PartridgeAlectoris graecaIntroduced species Near-threatened
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusExtirpated
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensRare/Accidental
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
LammergeierGypaetus barbatusNear-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxiiRare/Accidental
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxExtirpated Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichiiRare/Accidental
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensisRare/Accidental

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Namaqua DoveOena capensisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensisRare/Accidental
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalisRare/Accidental
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipesRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunniRare/Accidental
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulusRare/Accidental
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectusRare/Accidental
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligataRare/Accidental
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naeviaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothorax
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Variable WheatearOenanthe picataRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriacaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularisRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardiRare/Accidental
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacusVulnerable
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollisRare/Accidental
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla

 

References (partial list)

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