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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Leeward Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in Leeward Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Leeward Islands
Description: Includes Anguilla, Antigua and Barbuda, Dominica, Guadeloupe, Montserrat, St.Kitts and Nevis and the Virgin Islands
Number of species: 369
Number of endemics: 6
Number of globally threatened species: 12
Number of introduced species: 24

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaVulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Muscovy DuckCairina moschataIntroduced species
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanoptera
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusIntroduced species Near-threatened
Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialis
Trindade PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitataExtirpated
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinusRare/Accidental
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieri

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhingaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchos
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensNear-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruber
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusRare/Accidental
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black RailLaterallus jamaicensisRare/Accidental
Mangrove RailRallus longirostrisRare/Accidental
Clapper RailRallus crepitansRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Caribbean CootFulica caribaea

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Collared PloverCharadrius collaris
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusNear-threatened
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
Eskimo CurlewNumenius borealisCritically endangered (possibly extinct)
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops niger

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Scaly-naped PigeonPatagioenas squamosa
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
Bridled Quail-DoveGeotrygon mystacea
White-winged DoveZenaida asiaticaRare/Accidental
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Eared DoveZenaida auriculata
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Pearly-breasted CuckooCoccyzus euleriRare/Accidental
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus
Puerto Rican Lizard-CuckooCoccyzus vieillotiRare/Accidental
Greater AniCrotophaga majorRare/Accidental
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Puerto Rican Screech-OwlMegascops nudipes
Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachii
White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensis
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Black SwiftCypseloides niger
White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened
Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura
Lesser Antillean SwiftChaetura martinica
Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Antillean MangoAnthracothorax dominicusExtirpated
Purple-throated CaribEulampis jugularis
Green-throated CaribEulampis holosericeus
Blue-headed HummingbirdCyanophaia bicolorEndemic (country/region)
Antillean Crested HummingbirdOrthorhyncus cristatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Guadeloupe WoodpeckerMelanerpes herminieriEndemic Near-threatened
Puerto Rican WoodpeckerMelanerpes portoricensisExtirpated
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculusRare/Accidental
American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
BudgerigarMelopsittacus undulatusIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusIntroduced species
Red-necked ParrotAmazona arausiacaEndemic Vulnerable
Hispaniolan ParrotAmazona ventralisIntroduced species Vulnerable
Imperial ParrotAmazona imperialisEndemic Endangered
Orange-winged ParrotAmazona amazonica
Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxIntroduced species
Nanday ParakeetAratinga nenday
Scarlet MacawAra macaoIntroduced species
Hispaniolan ParakeetPsittacara chloropterusVulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Caribbean ElaeniaElaenia martinica
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental
Lesser Antillean PeweeContopus latirostris
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebeRare/Accidental
Stolid FlycatcherMyiarchus stolidus
Puerto Rican FlycatcherMyiarchus antillarum
Lesser Antillean FlycatcherMyiarchus oberi
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseus
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subis
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulva
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialisRare/Accidental
Rufous-throated SolitaireMyadestes genibarbis
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Bicknell's ThrushCatharus bicknelliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusRare/Accidental
Spectacled ThrushTurdus nudigenis
Red-legged ThrushTurdus plumbeus
Forest ThrushTurdus lherminieriEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Scaly-breasted ThrasherAllenia fusca
Pearly-eyed ThrasherMargarops fuscatus
Brown TremblerCinclocerthia ruficaudaEndemic (country/region)
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufumRare/Accidental
Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanoptera
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea
Swainson's WarblerLimnothlypis swainsoniiRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celataRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapilla
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosa
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Plumbeous WarblerSetophaga plumbeaEndemic
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaVulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaRare/Accidental
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Adelaide's WarblerSetophaga adelaidaeRare/Accidental
Barbuda WarblerSetophaga subitaEndemic Near-threatened
Golden-cheeked WarblerSetophaga chrysopariaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteolaIntroduced species
Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisRare/Accidental
BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolor
Puerto Rican BullfinchLoxigilla portoricensis
Greater Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla violaceaRare/Accidental
Lesser Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla noctis
Eastern Chat-TanagerCalyptophilus frugivorus
Puerto Rican SpindalisSpindalis portoricensisRare/Accidental
Lesser Antillean SaltatorSaltator albicollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
DickcisselSpiza americanaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Greater Antillean GrackleQuiscalus nigerRare/Accidental
Carib GrackleQuiscalus lugubris
Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
Montserrat OrioleIcterus oberiEndemic Critically endangered
Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusRare/Accidental
Venezuelan TroupialIcterus icterusRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Antillean EuphoniaEuphonia musica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusIntroduced species
Northern Red BishopEuplectes franciscanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullataRare/Accidental
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabaricaRare/Accidental
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Tricolored MuniaLonchura malaccaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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