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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Latvia

This checklist includes all bird species found in Latvia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Latvia
Number of species: 343
Number of globally threatened species: 10
Number of introduced species: 1
Date last reviewed: 2006-10-15
See also: http://www.putni.lv/saraksti/lvpsss.xls

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostris
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
BrantBranta bernicla
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsis
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marilaExtirpated
Steller's EiderPolysticta stelleriVulnerable
King EiderSomateria spectabilis
Common EiderSomateria mollissima
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Eurasian CapercaillieTetrao urogallus
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Hazel GrouseBonasa bonasia
Willow PtarmiganLagopus lagopus

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataExtirpated
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed LoonGavia adamsiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatusRare/Accidental
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusExtirpated Near-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusExtirpated
Common BuzzardButeo buteo

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
RazorbillAlca torda
Black GuillemotCepphus grylle

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnansRare/Accidental
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Northern Hawk OwlSurnia ululaExtirpated
Eurasian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium passerinum
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Ural OwlStrix uralensis
Great Gray OwlStrix nebulosaExtirpated
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Eurasian Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides tridactylus
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Gray-faced WoodpeckerPicus canus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Siberian JayPerisoreus infaustus
Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Willow TitPoecile montanus
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapillaExtirpated

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Pallas's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiola
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nanaRare/Accidental
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusExtirpated
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinereaRare/Accidental
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinolettaRare/Accidental
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Little BuntingEmberiza pusilla
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rustica
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaVulnerable
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringillaExtirpated
Pine GrosbeakPinicola enucleator
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaExtirpated
Hoary RedpollAcanthis hornemanni
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 

References (partial list)

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