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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Libya

This checklist includes all bird species found in Libya , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Libya
Number of species: 349
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Date last reviewed: 2013-02-21
See also: http://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/index.html

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelusExtirpated

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
BrantBranta bernicla
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaRare/Accidental Endangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigraRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvusRare/Accidental
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulataVulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Striped CrakeAenigmatolimnas marginalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Pluvianidae

Egyptian PloverPluvianus aegyptiusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicusRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameri

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicusRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurusRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Dupont's LarkChersophilus dupontiNear-threatened
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
African Blue TitCyanistes teneriffae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
African Desert WarblerSylvia deserti
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sarda
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia lusciniaRare/Accidental
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschiiRare/Accidental
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymnaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacusRare/Accidental
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesiaRare/Accidental
House BuntingEmberiza sahari
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia

 

References (partial list)

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