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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Madagascar

This checklist includes all bird species found in Madagascar , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Madagascar
Number of species: 298
Number of endemics: 106
Number of breeding endemics: 2
Number of globally threatened species: 33
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 7
See also: http://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotos
African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritus
Meller's DuckAnas melleriEndemic Endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha
Hottentot TealAnas hottentota
Bernier's TealAnas bernieriEndemic Endangered
Madagascar PochardAythya innotataEndemic Critically endangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Madagascar PartridgeMargaroperdix madagarensisEndemic
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Alaotra GrebeTachybaptus rufolavatusEndemic Extinct
Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Madagascar GrebeTachybaptus pelzelniiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorNear-threatened

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Tristan PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchos
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
Barau's PetrelPterodroma barauiEndangered
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittataRare/Accidental
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salviniRare/Accidental
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescensExtirpated

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Humblot's HeronArdea humblotiEndemic Endangered
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Madagascar IbisLophotibis cristataEndemic Near-threatened
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
African SpoonbillPlatalea alba

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
Madagascar Harrier-HawkPolyboroides radiatusEndemic
Madagascar Serpent-EagleEutriorchis asturEndemic Endangered
Madagascar Cuckoo-HawkAviceda madagascariensisEndemic
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Long-crested EagleLophaetus occipitalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Reunion HarrierCircus maillardi
Frances's GoshawkAccipiter francesiae
Madagascar SparrowhawkAccipiter madagascariensisEndemic Near-threatened
Henst's GoshawkAccipiter henstiiEndemic Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Madagascar Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vociferoidesEndemic Critically endangered
Madagascar BuzzardButeo brachypterusEndemic

 
MESITORNITHIFORMES: Mesitornithidae

White-breasted MesiteMesitornis variegatusEndemic Vulnerable
Brown MesiteMesitornis unicolorEndemic Vulnerable
Subdesert MesiteMonias benschiEndemic Vulnerable

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Madagascar Wood-RailCanirallus kioloidesEndemic
Tsingy Wood-RailCanirallus beankaensisEndemic Near-threatened
Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Madagascar RailRallus madagascariensisEndemic Vulnerable
White-throated RailDryolimnas cuvieri
Sakalava RailAmaurornis olivieriEndemic Endangered
Little CrakePorzana parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Madagascar FlufftailSarothrura insularisEndemic
Slender-billed FlufftailSarothrura watersiEndemic Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Madagascar PloverCharadrius thoracicusEndemic Vulnerable
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubiusRare/Accidental
Three-banded PloverCharadrius tricollaris
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Madagascar JacanaActophilornis albinuchaEndemic Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Madagascar SnipeGallinago macrodactylaEndemic Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Madagascar ButtonquailTurnix nigricollisEndemic

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Madagascar PratincoleGlareola ocularisBreeding endemic Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichiiRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Madagascar SandgrousePterocles personatusEndemic

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Madagascar Turtle-DoveStreptopelia picturata
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Madagascar Green-PigeonTreron australis
Madagascar Blue-PigeonAlectroenas madagascariensisEndemic

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Thick-billed CuckooPachycoccyx audeberti
Madagascar CuckooCuculus rochiiBreeding endemic
Snail-eating CouaCoua delalandeiEndemic Extinct
Giant CouaCoua gigasEndemic
Coquerel's CouaCoua coquereliEndemic
Red-breasted CouaCoua serrianaEndemic
Red-fronted CouaCoua reynaudiiEndemic
Red-capped CouaCoua ruficepsEndemic
Running CouaCoua cursorEndemic
Crested CouaCoua cristataEndemic
Verreaux's CouaCoua verreauxiEndemic Near-threatened
Blue CouaCoua caeruleaEndemic
Madagascar CoucalCentropus toulou

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba
Madagascar Red OwlTyto soumagneiEndemic Vulnerable

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensisRare/Accidental
Malagasy Scops-OwlOtus rutilusEndemic
Torotoroka Scops-OwlOtus madagascariensisEndemic
Madagascar Long-eared OwlAsio madagascariensisEndemic
Marsh OwlAsio capensis
White-browed OwlNinox superciliarisEndemic

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Collared NightjarGactornis enarratusEndemic
Madagascar NightjarCaprimulgus madagascariensis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Malagasy SpinetailZoonavena grandidieri
Alpine SwiftApus melba
African SwiftApus barbatus
Madagascar SwiftApus balstoni
Little SwiftApus affinis
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
Malagasy KingfisherCorythornis vintsioides
Madagascar Pygmy-KingfisherCorythornis madagascariensisEndemic

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiasterRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Brachypteraciidae

Short-legged Ground-RollerBrachypteracias leptosomusEndemic Vulnerable
Scaly Ground-RollerBrachypteracias squamigerEndemic Vulnerable
Pitta-like Ground-RollerAtelornis pittoidesEndemic
Rufous-headed Ground-RollerAtelornis crossleyiEndemic Near-threatened
Long-tailed Ground-RollerUratelornis chimaeraEndemic Vulnerable

 
CORACIIFORMES: Leptosomidae

Cuckoo-RollerLeptosomus discolor

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
Madagascar HoopoeUpupa marginataEndemic

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Madagascar KestrelFalco newtoni
Banded KestrelFalco zoniventrisEndemic
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorNear-threatened
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Greater Vasa-ParrotMascarinus vasa
Lesser Vasa-ParrotMascarinus niger
Gray-headed LovebirdAgapornis canusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Philepittidae

Velvet AsityPhilepitta castaneaEndemic
Schlegel's AsityPhilepitta schlegeliEndemic Near-threatened
Sunbird AsityNeodrepanis coruscansEndemic
Yellow-bellied AsityNeodrepanis hypoxanthaEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vangidae

Archbold's NewtoniaNewtonia archboldiEndemic
Common NewtoniaNewtonia brunneicaudaEndemic
Dark NewtoniaNewtonia amphichroaEndemic
Red-tailed NewtoniaNewtonia fanovanaeEndemic Vulnerable
Tylas VangaTylas eduardiEndemic
Red-tailed VangaCalicalicus madagascariensisEndemic
Red-shouldered VangaCalicalicus rufocarpalisEndemic Vulnerable
Nuthatch-VangaHypositta corallirostrisEndemic
Chabert VangaLeptopterus chabertEndemic
Crossley's VangaMystacornis crossleyiEndemic
Blue VangaCyanolanius madagascarinus
Hook-billed VangaVanga curvirostrisEndemic
Ward's FlycatcherPseudobias wardiEndemic
Rufous VangaSchetba rufaEndemic
Helmet VangaEuryceros prevostiiEndemic Vulnerable
Bernier's VangaOriolia bernieriEndemic Vulnerable
Sickle-billed VangaFalculea palliataEndemic
White-headed VangaArtamella viridisEndemic
Pollen's VangaXenopirostris polleniEndemic Near-threatened
Lafresnaye's VangaXenopirostris xenopirostrisEndemic
Van Dam's VangaXenopirostris damiiEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Ashy CuckooshrikeCoracina cinerea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Crested DrongoDicrurus forficatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Madagascar Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone mutata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Madagascar LarkMirafra hovaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Plain MartinRiparia paludicola
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Madagascar BulbulHypsipetes madagascariensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Madagascar Brush-WarblerNesillas typica
Subdesert Brush-WarblerNesillas lantziiEndemic
Madagascar Swamp-WarblerAcrocephalus newtoniEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Brown Emu-tailBradypterus brunneusEndemic
Gray Emu-tailAmphilais seebohmiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bernieridae

White-throated OxylabesOxylabes madagascariensisEndemic
Long-billed BernieriaBernieria madagascariensisEndemic
Cryptic WarblerCryptosylvicola randrianasoloiEndemic
Wedge-tailed JeryHartertula flavoviridisEndemic Near-threatened
ThamnornisThamnornis chloropetoidesEndemic
Yellow-browed OxylabesCrossleyia xanthophrysEndemic Near-threatened
Spectacled TetrakaXanthomixis zosteropsEndemic
Appert's TetrakaXanthomixis appertiEndemic Vulnerable
Dusky TetrakaXanthomixis tenebrosaEndemic Vulnerable
Gray-crowned TetrakaXanthomixis cinereicepsNear-threatened
Rand's WarblerRandia pseudozosteropsEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Common JeryNeomixis tenellaEndemic
Green JeryNeomixis viridisEndemic
Stripe-throated JeryNeomixis striatigulaEndemic
Madagascar CisticolaCisticola cherina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Madagascar White-eyeZosterops maderaspatanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Madagascar Magpie-RobinCopsychus albospecularisEndemic
Forest Rock-ThrushMonticola sharpei
Littoral Rock-ThrushMonticola imerinaEndemic
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenantheRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Madagascar StarlingSaroglossa aurataEndemic
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Souimanga SunbirdCinnyris souimanga
Madagascar SunbirdCinnyris notatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Madagascar WagtailMotacilla flaviventrisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Nelicourvi WeaverPloceus nelicourviEndemic
Sakalava WeaverPloceus sakalavaEndemic
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisEndemic
Red-headed FodyFoudia eminentissima
Forest FodyFoudia omissaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Madagascar MuniaLonchura nanaEndemic

 

References (partial list)

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