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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Middle East

This checklist includes all bird species found in Middle East , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Middle East
Number of species: 884
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 44
Number of introduced species: 30

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelus

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Tundra Bean-GooseAnser serrirostrisRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotos
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Spur-winged GoosePlectropterus gambensisRare/Accidental
Muscovy DuckCairina moschataIntroduced species
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
Ringed TealCallonetta leucophrysRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas strepera
Falcated DuckAnas falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Indian Spot-billed DuckAnas poecilorhynchaIntroduced species
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhynchaRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Baikal TealAnas formosa
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Cape TealAnas capensisRare/Accidental
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Southern PochardNetta erythrophthalmaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Vulturine GuineafowlAcryllium vulturinumRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Rock PartridgeAlectoris graecaNear-threatened
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Philby's PartridgeAlectoris philbyi
Arabian PartridgeAlectoris melanocephala
Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Caucasian SnowcockTetraogallus caucasicus
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Himalayan SnowcockTetraogallus himalayensis
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianus
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
Chinese FrancolinFrancolinus pintadeanusIntroduced species
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Cheer PheasantCatreus wallichiiVulnerable
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix
Caucasian GrouseTetrao mlokosiewicziNear-threatened

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cautaRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Fea's PetrelPterodroma feaeRare/Accidental
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollisRare/Accidental
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incertaRare/Accidental Endangered
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxNear-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipesRare/Accidental
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroliRare/Accidental
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicusBreeding endemic

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusRare/Accidental
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimii
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopusRare/Accidental
White StorkCiconia ciconia
Marabou StorkLeptoptilos crumeniferRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental
Cape GannetMorus capensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularisVulnerable
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanusRare/Accidental
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa
Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens
Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensisNear-threatened
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayii
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeRare/Accidental Endangered
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Scarlet IbisEudocimus ruberRare/Accidental
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaCritically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia
African SpoonbillPlatalea albaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Scissor-tailed KiteChelictinia riocouriiRare/Accidental
LammergeierGypaetus barbatusNear-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosVulnerable
Hooded VultureNecrosyrtes monachusRare/Accidental Endangered
White-rumped VultureGyps bengalensisCritically endangered
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliRare/Accidental Endangered
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusNear-threatened
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxii
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
Eastern Chanting-GoshawkMelierax poliopterusRare/Accidental
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
White-eyed BuzzardButastur teesa
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Socotra BuzzardButeo socotraensisVulnerable
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Upland BuzzardButeo hemilasiusRare/Accidental

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Arabian BustardArdeotis arabsNear-threatened
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulataVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiVulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Striped CrakeAenigmatolimnas marginalis
WatercockGallicrex cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataRare/Accidental
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Siberian CraneGrus leucogeranusCritically endangered
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
Indian Thick-kneeBurhinus indicus
Senegal Thick-kneeBurhinus senegalensis
Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensis
Great Thick-kneeEsacus recurvirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Pluvianidae

Egyptian PloverPluvianus aegyptiusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Blacksmith LapwingVanellus armatusRare/Accidental
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
River LapwingVanellus duvauceliiNear-threatened
Black-headed LapwingVanellus tectusRare/Accidental
Black-winged LapwingVanellus melanopterus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisVulnerable
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megalaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Bronze-winged CourserRhinoptilus chalcopterus
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened
Small PratincoleGlareola lacteaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Relict GullIchthyaetus relictusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmusNear-threatened
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
River TernSterna aurantiaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
African SkimmerRynchops flavirostrisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Indian SkimmerRynchops albicollisRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxusRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustus
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Speckled PigeonColumba guineaRare/Accidental
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Pale-backed PigeonColumba eversmanniVulnerable
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrixRare/Accidental
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogrisea
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Red Collared-DoveStreptopelia tranquebaricaRare/Accidental
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Black-billed Wood-DoveTurtur abyssinicusRare/Accidental
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Bruce's Green-PigeonTreron waalia

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx variusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Plaintive CuckooCacomantis merulinus
Gray-bellied CuckooCacomantis passerinusRare/Accidental
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Senegal CoucalCentropus senegalensis
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Indian Scops-OwlOtus bakkamoenaRare/Accidental
Arabian Scops-OwlOtus pamelae
European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Oriental Scops-OwlOtus sunia
Socotra Scops-OwlOtus socotranus
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Spotted OwletAthene brama
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Hume's OwlStrix butleri
Omani OwlStrix omanensisData deficient
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Marsh OwlAsio capensis
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus
Sykes's NightjarCaprimulgus mahrattensis
Abyssinian NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalus
Indian NightjarCaprimulgus asiaticusRare/Accidental
Plain NightjarCaprimulgus inornatus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Himalayan SwiftletAerodramus brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolor
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Forbes-Watson's SwiftApus berliozi
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus cafferRare/Accidental
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatusRare/Accidental
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Somali Bee-eaterMerops revoiliiRare/Accidental
White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollis
Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicus
Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatusRare/Accidental
Rufous-crowned RollerCoracias naeviusRare/Accidental
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucerotidae

African Gray HornbillTockus nasutus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Arabian WoodpeckerDendrocopos doraeVulnerable
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
White-winged WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucopterusRare/Accidental
Sind WoodpeckerDendrocopos assimilis
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Scaly-bellied WoodpeckerPicus squamatusExtirpated
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Levaillant's WoodpeckerPicus vaillantii
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-necked FalconFalco chicquera
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Laggar FalconFalco juggerNear-threatened
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaNear-threatened
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusIntroduced species

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Monk ParakeetMyiopsitta monachusIntroduced species
Nanday ParakeetAratinga nendayIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schachRare/Accidental
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilisRare/Accidental
Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercus
Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Iranian Ground-JayPodoces pleskei
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactesRare/Accidental
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
House CrowCorvus splendens
Cape CrowCorvus capensisIntroduced species
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos
Pied CrowCorvus albus
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillans
Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Dupont's LarkChersophilus dupontiNear-threatened
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Chestnut-headed Sparrow-LarkEremopterix signatusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
White-winged LarkMelanocorypha leucoptera
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Blanford's LarkCalandrella blanfordi
Hume's LarkCalandrella acutirostris
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Sand LarkCalandrella raytal
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Plain MartinRiparia paludicolaRare/Accidental
Gray-throated MartinRiparia chinensis
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Pale Sand MartinRiparia diluta
Banded MartinRiparia cinctaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Ethiopian SwallowHirundo aethiopicaRare/Accidental
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithiiRare/Accidental
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Lesser Striped-SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Streak-throated SwallowPetrochelidon fluvicola
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Asian House-MartinDelichon dasypus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Caspian TitPoecile hyrcanus
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Cinereous TitParus cinereus
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz macronyx
White-crowned Penduline-TitRemiz coronatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Krueper's NuthatchSitta krueperiNear-threatened
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Persian NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species
Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirens
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectus
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Sulphur-bellied WarblerPhylloscopus griseolus
Radde's WarblerPhylloscopus schwarziRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus
Brooks's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus subviridis
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humei
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidus
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental
Western Crowned Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus occipitalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Sykes's WarblerIduna rama
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Basra Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisEndangered
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalisRare/Accidental
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Pallas's Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella certhiolaRare/Accidental
Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Socotra CisticolaCisticola haesitatusNear-threatened
Socotra WarblerIncana incana
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Desert WhitethroatSylvia minula
Hume's WhitethroatSylvia althaea
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Margelanic WhitethroatSylvia margelanicaRare/Accidental
Yemen WarblerSylvia buryiVulnerable
Red Sea WarblerSylvia leucomelaena
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothorax
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sarda
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

White-breasted White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus
Oriental White-eyeZosterops palpebrosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Iraq BabblerTurdoides altirostris
Afghan BabblerTurdoides huttoni
Arabian BabblerTurdoides squamiceps
Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Gambaga FlycatcherMuscicapa gambagae
Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa latirostrisRare/Accidental
Black Scrub-RobinCercotrichas podobe
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
Verditer FlycatcherEumyias thalassinusRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Red-flanked BluetailTarsiger cyanurusRare/Accidental
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Taiga FlycatcherFicedula albicillaRare/Accidental
Ultramarine FlycatcherFicedula superciliarisRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotus
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
White-winged RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogastrusRare/Accidental
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereus
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Familiar ChatCercomela familiarisRare/Accidental
BlackstartCercomela melanura
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha
Hume's WheatearOenanthe albonigra
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Arabian WheatearOenanthe lugentoides
Abyssinian WheatearOenanthe lugubris
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Variable WheatearOenanthe picata
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Red-breasted WheatearOenanthe bottae
Heuglin's WheatearOenanthe heuglini

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Siberian ThrushGeokichla sibiricaRare/Accidental
Scaly ThrushZoothera daumaRare/Accidental
Yemen ThrushTurdus menachensisVulnerable
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomusRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicusIntroduced species
Bank MynaAcridotheres ginginianusIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristis
Vinous-breasted StarlingAcridotheres burmannicusIntroduced species
Black-collared StarlingGracupica nigricollisIntroduced species
Asian Pied StarlingGracupica contraIntroduced species
Daurian StarlingSturnia sturnina
Brahminy StarlingTemenuchus pagodarum
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor
Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis purpureusIntroduced species
Superb StarlingLamprotornis superbusIntroduced species
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Somali StarlingOnychognathus blythii
Socotra StarlingOnychognathus frater
Tristram's StarlingOnychognathus tristramii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Buphagidae

Red-billed OxpeckerBuphagus erythrorhynchusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Pygmy SunbirdHedydipna platura
Nile Valley SunbirdHedydipna metallica
Socotra SunbirdChalcomitra balfouri
Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea
Shining SunbirdCinnyris habessinicus
Purple SunbirdCinnyris asiaticus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Siberian AccentorPrunella montanellaRare/Accidental
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
Yemen AccentorPrunella faganiNear-threatened
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularisRare/Accidental
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimpRare/Accidental
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Blyth's PipitAnthus godlewskii
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Buffy PipitAnthus vaalensisRare/Accidental
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescens
Golden PipitTmetothylacus tenellusRare/Accidental
Forest WagtailDendronanthus indicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Gray-hooded BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Chestnut-breasted BuntingEmberiza stewartiRare/Accidental
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
Socotra BuntingEmberiza socotranaVulnerable
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Sinai RosefinchCarpodacus synoicus
Great RosefinchCarpodacus rubicillaRare/Accidental
Red-fronted RosefinchCarpodacus puniceus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Yemen LinnetCarduelis yemenensis
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacusVulnerable
Olive-rumped SerinSerinus rothschildi
Yemen SerinSerinus menachensis
Golden-winged GrosbeakRhynchostruthus socotranus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
White-winged GrosbeakMycerobas carnipes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Sind SparrowPasser pyrrhonotus
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Abd' Al Kuri SparrowPasser hemileucusVulnerable
Socotra SparrowPasser insularis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Sudan Golden SparrowPasser luteusRare/Accidental
Arabian Golden SparrowPasser euchlorus
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollis
Bush PetroniaPetronia dentata
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Lesser Masked-WeaverPloceus intermedius
Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatusIntroduced species
Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinusRare/Accidental
Rueppell's WeaverPloceus galbula
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusIntroduced species
Golden-backed WeaverPloceus jacksoniIntroduced species
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyarIntroduced species
Baya WeaverPloceus philippinusIntroduced species
Bengal WeaverPloceus benghalensisIntroduced species
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisIntroduced species
Southern Red BishopEuplectes orixIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Lavender WaxbillEstrilda caerulescensRare/Accidental
Arabian WaxbillEstrilda rufibarba
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melba
Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavus
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabarica
African SilverbillEuodice cantans
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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