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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Caledonia

This checklist includes all bird species found in New Caledonia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: New Caledonia
Number of species: 207
Number of endemics: 23
Number of globally threatened species: 18
Number of introduced species: 13
See also: http://membres.lycos.fr/skua/page46.html

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuataRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotisRare/Accidental
Gray TealAnas gracilisRare/Accidental
Brown TealAnas chlorotisRare/Accidental Endangered
White-eyed DuckAythya australis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophoraRare/Accidental
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteusRare/Accidental
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halliRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma heraldica
Providence PetrelPterodroma solandriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucopteraVulnerable
Collared PetrelPterodroma brevipesVulnerable
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolataRare/Accidental
Tahiti PetrelPseudobulweria rostrataNear-threatened
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Polynesian Storm-PetrelNesofregetta fuliginosaEndangered
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Australasian GannetMorus serrator

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusExtirpated Endangered
Black-backed BitternIxobrychus dubius
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picata
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
New Caledonia GoshawkAccipiter haplochrousEndemic Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Whistling KiteHaliastur sphenurus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogasterRare/Accidental

 
EURYPYGIFORMES: Rhynochetidae

KaguRhynochetos jubatusEndemic Endangered

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

New Caledonian RailGallirallus lafresnayanusEndemic Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
White-browed CrakePorzana cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctusRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Painted ButtonquailTurnix variusExtirpated

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabellaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Silver GullChroicocephalus novaehollandiae
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Gray NoddyProcelsterna albivitta
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Fairy TernSternula nereisVulnerable
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Red-bellied Fruit-DovePtilinopus greyi
Cloven-feathered DoveDrepanoptila holosericeaEndemic Near-threatened
Pacific Imperial-PigeonDucula pacifica
New Caledonian Imperial-PigeonDucula goliathEndemic Near-threatened

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Fan-tailed CuckooCacomantis flabelliformis
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensis
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Australasian Grass-OwlTyto longimembris
Barn OwlTyto alba

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Aegothelidae

New Caledonian Owlet-NightjarAegotheles savesiEndemic Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Australian Owlet-NightjarAegotheles cristatus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

New Caledonian NightjarEurostopodus exulEndemic Critically endangered

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
White-rumped SwiftletAerodramus spodiopygius
Uniform SwiftletAerodramus vanikorensisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Horned ParakeetEunymphicus cornutusEndemic
New Caledonian ParakeetCyanoramphus saissetiEndemic
New Caledonian LorikeetCharmosyna diademaEndemic Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

New Caledonian MyzomelaMyzomela caledonicaEndemic
Cardinal MyzomelaMyzomela cardinalis
Barred HoneyeaterGliciphila undulataEndemic
Dark-brown HoneyeaterLichmera incana
Crow HoneyeaterGymnomyza aubryanaEndemic Critically endangered
New Caledonian FriarbirdPhilemon diemenensisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Fan-tailed GerygoneGerygone flavolateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus
Dusky WoodswallowArtamus cyanopterusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
South Melanesian CuckooshrikeCoracina caledonica
Polynesian TrillerLalage maculosa
Long-tailed TrillerLalage leucopyga
White-rumped TrillerLalage leucopygialis
New Caledonian CuckooshrikeAnalisoma analisEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

New Caledonian WhistlerPachycephala caledonica
Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis
Rufous WhistlerPachycephala rufiventris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Streaked FantailRhipidura verreauxi
Gray FantailRhipidura albiscapa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Southern ShrikebillClytorhynchus pachycephaloides
Melanesian FlycatcherMyiagra caledonica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

New Caledonian CrowCorvus moneduloidesEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

Yellow-bellied RobinEopsaltria flaviventrisEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

New Caledonian GrassbirdMegalurulus marieiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Large Lifou White-eyeZosterops inornatusEndemic
Green-backed White-eyeZosterops xanthochroaEndemic
Small Lifou White-eyeZosterops minutusEndemic
Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Striated StarlingAplonis striataEndemic
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Blue-faced ParrotfinchErythrura trichroaRare/Accidental
Red-throated ParrotfinchErythrura psittaceaEndemic
Chestnut-breasted MuniaLonchura castaneothoraxIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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