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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Zealand Islands

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This checklist includes all bird species found in New Zealand Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2016. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2016

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Country or region: New Zealand Islands [map]
Description: Snares, Kermadec, Chatham, Bounty, Antipodes, Aukland, Campbell
Number of species: 241
Number of endemics: 26
Number of breeding endemics: 5
Number of globally threatened species: 47
Number of extinct species: 8
Number of introduced species: 16
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Plumed Whistling-DuckDendrocygna eytoniRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataRare/Accidental
Maned DuckChenonetta jubataRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotisRare/Accidental
Gray TealAnas gracilisRare/Accidental
Auckland Islands TealAnas aucklandicaEndemic Vulnerable
Campbell Islands TealAnas nesiotisEndemic Endangered
Brown TealAnas chlorotisExtirpated Near-threatened
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Auckland Islands MerganserMergus australisEndemic Extinct

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisExtirpated

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Hoary-headed GrebePoliocephalus poliocephalus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicus
Emperor PenguinAptenodytes forsteriRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Adelie PenguinPygoscelis adeliaeRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaNear-threatened
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusVulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Royal PenguinEudyptes schlegeliNear-threatened
Southern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeVulnerable
Moseley's Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusBreeding endemic Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosRare/Accidental
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaEndangered
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
Antarctic PetrelThalassoica antarctica
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Snow PetrelPagodroma niveaRare/Accidental
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Gray-faced PetrelPterodroma gouldi
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Magenta PetrelPterodroma magentaeBreeding endemic Critically endangered
Providence PetrelPterodroma solandriVulnerable
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisBreeding endemic
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Chatham PetrelPterodroma axillarisBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Pycroft's PetrelPterodroma pycroftiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Phoenix PetrelPterodroma albaRare/Accidental Endangered
Blue PetrelHalobaena caerulea
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheriRare/Accidental
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravisRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacifica
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostris
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniRare/Accidental Endangered
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix
South Georgia Diving-PetrelPelecanoides georgicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental
Great FrigatebirdFregata minorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Australasian GannetMorus serratorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Pied CormorantMicrocarbo melanoleucos
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Pitt Island ShagPhalacrocorax featherstoniEndemic Endangered
Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax variusRare/Accidental
Bounty Islands ShagPhalacrocorax ranfurlyiEndemic Vulnerable
Chatham Islands ShagPhalacrocorax onslowiEndemic Critically endangered
Auckland Islands ShagPhalacrocorax colensoiEndemic Vulnerable
Campbell Islands ShagPhalacrocorax campbelliEndemic Vulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusRare/Accidental Endangered
New Zealand BitternIxobrychus novaezelandiaeExtinct
Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Chatham Islands RailGallirallus modestusEndemic Extinct
Dieffenbach's RailGallirallus dieffenbachiiEndemic Extinct
Lewin's RailLewinia pectoralis
Auckland Islands RailLewinia muelleriEndemic Vulnerable
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Spotless CrakeZapornia tabuensis
Australasian SwamphenPorphyrio melanotus
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiRare/Accidental
Chatham OystercatcherHaematopus chathamensisEndemic Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Shore PloverThinornis novaeseelandiaeEndemic Endangered
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusNear-threatened
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
North Island SnipeCoenocorypha barrierensisEndemic Extinct
South Island SnipeCoenocorypha iredaleiEndemic Extinct
Forbes's SnipeCoenocorypha chathamicaEndemic
Chatham Islands SnipeCoenocorypha pusillaEndemic Vulnerable
Snares Island SnipeCoenocorypha huegeliEndemic Near-threatened
Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaNear-threatened
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickiiRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarumRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriRare/Accidental Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Gray NoddyProcelsterna albivitta
Blue-gray NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusRare/Accidental Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittata
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Island PigeonHemiphaga chathamensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Long-tailed KoelUrodynamis taitensisEndemic (country/region)
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisExtirpated Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaCritically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Antipodes ParakeetCyanoramphus unicolorEndemic Vulnerable
Red-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Reischek's ParakeetCyanoramphus hochstetteriEndemic
Yellow-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Chatham Islands ParakeetCyanoramphus forbesiEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Island BellbirdAnthornis melanocephalaEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataRare/Accidental
Chatham Island GerygoneGerygone albofrontataEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Willie-wagtailRhipidura leucophrysRare/Accidental
New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)
Chatham RobinPetroica traversiEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon arielRare/Accidental
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Islands FernbirdMegalurus rufescensEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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