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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
New Zealand Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in New Zealand Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: New Zealand Islands
Description: Snares, Kermadec, Chatham, Bounty, Antipodes, Aukland, Campbell
Number of species: 206
Number of endemics: 26
Number of breeding endemics: 4
Number of globally threatened species: 41
Number of extinct species: 7
Number of introduced species: 16
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataRare/Accidental
Maned DuckChenonetta jubataRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotisRare/Accidental
Gray TealAnas gracilisRare/Accidental
Auckland Islands TealAnas aucklandicaEndemic Vulnerable
Campbell Islands TealAnas nesiotisEndemic Endangered
Brown TealAnas chlorotisExtirpated Endangered
Auckland Islands MerganserMergus australisEndemic Extinct

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Hoary-headed GrebePoliocephalus poliocephalus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicus
Emperor PenguinAptenodytes forsteriRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Adelie PenguinPygoscelis adeliaeRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaNear-threatened
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusVulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Royal PenguinEudyptes schlegeliVulnerable
Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeVulnerable
Tristan PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchos
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaEndangered
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
Antarctic PetrelThalassoica antarctica
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Magenta PetrelPterodroma magentaeBreeding endemic Critically endangered
Providence PetrelPterodroma solandriVulnerable
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisBreeding endemic
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Chatham PetrelPterodroma axillarisBreeding endemic Endangered
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Phoenix PetrelPterodroma albaRare/Accidental Endangered
Blue PetrelHalobaena caerulea
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheriRare/Accidental
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravisRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix
South Georgia Diving-PetrelPelecanoides georgicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Australasian GannetMorus serratorRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax variusRare/Accidental
Chatham Islands ShagPhalacrocorax onslowiEndemic Critically endangered
Auckland Islands ShagPhalacrocorax colensoiEndemic Vulnerable
Campbell Islands ShagPhalacrocorax campbelliEndemic Vulnerable
Bounty Islands ShagPhalacrocorax ranfurlyiEndemic Vulnerable
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Pitt Island ShagPhalacrocorax featherstoniEndemic Endangered
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great EgretArdea alba
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Chatham Islands RailGallirallus modestusEndemic Extinct
Dieffenbach's RailGallirallus dieffenbachiiEndemic Extinct
Lewin's RailLewinia pectoralis
Auckland Islands RailLewinia muelleriEndemic Vulnerable
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian CootFulica atraRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiRare/Accidental
Chatham OystercatcherHaematopus chathamensisEndemic Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Shore PloverThinornis novaeseelandiaeEndemic Endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
North Island SnipeCoenocorypha barrierensisEndemic Extinct
South Island SnipeCoenocorypha iredaleiEndemic Extinct
Forbes's SnipeCoenocorypha chathamicaEndemic
Chatham Islands SnipeCoenocorypha pusillaEndemic Vulnerable
Snares Island SnipeCoenocorypha huegeliEndemic Near-threatened
Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriRare/Accidental Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Silver GullChroicocephalus novaehollandiae
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Gray NoddyProcelsterna albivitta
Blue-gray NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittata
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Island PigeonHemiphaga chathamensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisExtirpated Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaCritically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Antipodes ParakeetCyanoramphus unicolorEndemic Vulnerable
Red-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Reischek's ParakeetCyanoramphus hochstetteriEndemic
Yellow-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Chatham Islands ParakeetCyanoramphus forbesiEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Island BellbirdAnthornis melanocephalaEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataRare/Accidental
Chatham Island GerygoneGerygone albofrontataEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Willie-wagtailRhipidura leucophrysRare/Accidental
New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)
Chatham RobinPetroica traversiEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Chatham Islands FernbirdMegalurus rufescensEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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