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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Northland

This checklist includes all bird species found in Northland , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Northland
Number of species: 219
Number of breeding endemics: 3
Number of globally threatened species: 30
Number of extinct species: 4
Number of introduced species: 30
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Apterygidae

North Island Brown KiwiApteryx mantelliEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Little Spotted KiwiApteryx oweniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Cape Barren GooseCereopsis novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataEndemic (country/region)
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotis
Gray TealAnas gracilis
Brown TealAnas chlorotisEndangered
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Auckland Islands MerganserMergus australisEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

New Zealand QuailCoturnix novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Extinct
Brown QuailCoturnix ypsilophoraIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae
New Zealand GrebePoliocephalus rufopectusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchos
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaVulnerable
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucopteraRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Pycroft's PetrelPterodroma pycroftiBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Phoenix PetrelPterodroma albaRare/Accidental Endangered
Blue PetrelHalobaena caerulea
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatisRare/Accidental
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
New Zealand Storm-PetrelFregetta maorianaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropica

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricaudaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatraRare/Accidental
Australasian GannetMorus serrator

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax varius
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered
New Zealand BitternIxobrychus novaezelandiae
Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Australian IbisThreskiornis moluccusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia
Yellow-billed SpoonbillPlatalea flavipesRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
TakahePorphyrio mantelli
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus
Black StiltHimantopus novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiEndemic (country/region)
Variable OystercatcherHaematopus unicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Red-breasted DotterelCharadrius obscurusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanops
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes
Wandering TattlerTringa incanaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Little CurlewNumenius minutusRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisVulnerable
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidusRare/Accidental
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
Gray NoddyProcelsterna albivitta
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Fairy TernSternula nereisVulnerable
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae
Laughing OwlSceloglaux albifaciesEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Laughing KookaburraDacelo novaeguineaeIntroduced species
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisEndemic (country/region) Endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galerita

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Yellow-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthisittidae

RiflemanAcanthisitta chlorisEndemic (country/region)
Bush WrenXenicus longipesEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Callaeidae

KokakoCallaeas cinereusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
SaddlebackPhilesturnus carunculatusEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Notiomystidae

StitchbirdNotiomystis cinctaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Australasian MagpieGymnorhina tibicenIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

PiopioTurnagra capensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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