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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Otago

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Otago , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2015. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2016

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Country or region: Otago [map]
Other names: O- Ta-kou
Number of species: 239
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 37
Number of extinct species: 4
Number of introduced species: 31
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
APTERYGIFORMES: Apterygidae

Southern Brown KiwiApteryx australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Little Spotted KiwiApteryx oweniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Great Spotted KiwiApteryx haastiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Plumed Whistling-DuckDendrocygna eytoniRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Cape Barren GooseCereopsis novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataEndemic (country/region)
Maned DuckChenonetta jubataRare/Accidental
Blue DuckHymenolaimus malacorhynchosEndemic (country/region) Endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotis
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
Gray TealAnas gracilis
Chestnut TealAnas castaneaRare/Accidental
Brown TealAnas chlorotisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
New Zealand QuailCoturnix novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Extinct
ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
New Zealand GrebePoliocephalus rufopectusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicusRare/Accidental
Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Magellanic PenguinSpheniscus magellanicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Southern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaEndangered
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteusRare/Accidental
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoidesRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostrisRare/Accidental
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucopteraRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Blue PetrelHalobaena caeruleaRare/Accidental
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittataRare/Accidental
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Great ShearwaterArdenna gravisRare/Accidental
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniRare/Accidental Endangered
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Australasian GannetMorus serrator

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax varius
Stewart Island ShagPhalacrocorax chalconotusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered
New Zealand BitternIxobrychus novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Straw-necked IbisThreskiornis spinicollisRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
South Island TakahePorphyrio hochstetteriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Australasian SwamphenPorphyrio melanotus
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosaRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus
Black StiltHimantopus novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiEndemic (country/region)
Variable OystercatcherHaematopus unicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Red-breasted DotterelCharadrius obscurusRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillusRare/Accidental
Shore PloverThinornis novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanops
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaNear-threatened
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickiiRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Black NoddyAnous minutusRare/Accidental
White TernGygis albaRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittata

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogriseaRare/Accidental
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Pallid CuckooCacomantis pallidusRare/Accidental
Fan-tailed CuckooCacomantis flabelliformisRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctuaIntroduced species
Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae
Laughing OwlSceloglaux albifaciesEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Laughing KookaburraDacelo novaeguineaeRare/Accidental
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

KeaNestor notabilisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Sulphur-crested CockatooCacatua galeritaRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Antipodes ParakeetCyanoramphus unicolorEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Red-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Reischek's ParakeetCyanoramphus hochstetteriOutlying islands only
Yellow-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Malherbe's ParakeetCyanoramphus malherbiEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Crimson RosellaPlatycercus elegansIntroduced species
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthisittidae

RiflemanAcanthisitta chlorisEndemic (country/region)
Bush WrenXenicus longipesEndemic (country/region) Extinct
South Island WrenXenicus gilviventrisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Stephens Island WrenXenicus lyalliEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohouidae

YellowheadMohoua ochrocephalaEndemic (country/region) Endangered
PipipiMohoua novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Callaeidae

South Island KokakoCallaeas cinereusEndemic (country/region)
South Island SaddlebackPhilesturnus carunculatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Masked WoodswallowArtamus personatusRare/Accidental
White-browed WoodswallowArtamus superciliosusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Australian MagpieGymnorhina tibicenIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
White-winged TrillerLalage tricolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

PiopioTurnagra capensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosaEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon arielRare/Accidental
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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