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Southland

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Southland , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements, version 2015. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2016

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Country or region: Southland [map]
Other names: Murihiku
Number of species: 236
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 41
Number of extinct species: 5
Number of introduced species: 24
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
APTERYGIFORMES: Apterygidae

Southern Brown KiwiApteryx australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Little Spotted KiwiApteryx oweniiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Cape Barren GooseCereopsis novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataEndemic (country/region)
Maned DuckChenonetta jubataRare/Accidental
Blue DuckHymenolaimus malacorhynchosEndemic (country/region) Endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotis
Gray TealAnas gracilis
Chestnut TealAnas castaneaRare/Accidental
Auckland Islands TealAnas aucklandicaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Campbell Islands TealAnas nesiotisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Brown TealAnas chlorotisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

New Zealand QuailCoturnix novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Extinct
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Hoary-headed GrebePoliocephalus poliocephalusRare/Accidental
New Zealand GrebePoliocephalus rufopectusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicusRare/Accidental
Emperor PenguinAptenodytes forsteriRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriRare/Accidental Endangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Royal PenguinEudyptes schlegeliRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Southern Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaRare/Accidental Endangered
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteusRare/Accidental
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoidesRare/Accidental
Antarctic PetrelThalassoica antarcticaRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Snow PetrelPagodroma niveaRare/Accidental
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessoniiRare/Accidental
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Blue PetrelHalobaena caeruleaRare/Accidental
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolataRare/Accidental
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheriRare/Accidental
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
Buller's ShearwaterArdenna bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterArdenna tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrixRare/Accidental
South Georgia Diving-PetrelPelecanoides georgicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereisRare/Accidental
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Australasian GannetMorus serrator

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostrisRare/Accidental
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax varius
Stewart Island ShagPhalacrocorax chalconotusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Auckland Islands ShagPhalacrocorax colensoiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Campbell Islands ShagPhalacrocorax campbelliEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered
New Zealand BitternIxobrychus novaezelandiae
Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Australian IbisThreskiornis moluccusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Auckland Islands RailLewinia muelleriEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
South Island TakahePorphyrio hochstetteriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Australasian SwamphenPorphyrio melanotus
Black-tailed Native-henTribonyx ventralisRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus
Black StiltHimantopus novaezelandiaeRare/Accidental Critically endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiEndemic (country/region)
Variable OystercatcherHaematopus unicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Red-breasted DotterelCharadrius obscurusEndemic (country/region)
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredusRare/Accidental
Shore PloverThinornis novaeseelandiaeRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanops
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris albaRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
South Island SnipeCoenocorypha iredaleiEndemic (country/region) Extinct
Snares Island SnipeCoenocorypha huegeliEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaNear-threatened
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickiiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittata

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctuaIntroduced species
Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae
Laughing OwlSceloglaux albifaciesEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalisRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Australian KestrelFalco cenchroidesRare/Accidental
New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

KeaNestor notabilisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Red-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Yellow-crowned ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Malherbe's ParakeetCyanoramphus malherbiEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthisittidae

RiflemanAcanthisitta chlorisEndemic (country/region)
Bush WrenXenicus longipesEndemic (country/region) Extinct
South Island WrenXenicus gilviventrisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Stephens Island WrenXenicus lyalliEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohouidae

YellowheadMohoua ochrocephalaEndemic (country/region) Endangered
PipipiMohoua novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Callaeidae

South Island KokakoCallaeas cinereusEndemic (country/region)
South Island SaddlebackPhilesturnus carunculatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

Dusky WoodswallowArtamus cyanopterusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Australian MagpieGymnorhina tibicenIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

PiopioTurnagra capensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosaEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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