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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Southland

This checklist includes all bird species found in Southland , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Southland
Number of species: 209
Number of breeding endemics: 3
Number of globally threatened species: 40
Number of extinct species: 4
Number of introduced species: 27
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-20

 
APTERYGIFORMES: Apterygidae

Southern Brown KiwiApteryx australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Graylag GooseAnser anserIntroduced species
Canada GooseBranta canadensisIntroduced species
Black SwanCygnus atratusIntroduced species
Australian ShelduckTadorna tadornoidesRare/Accidental
Paradise ShelduckTadorna variegataEndemic (country/region)
Blue DuckHymenolaimus malacorhynchosEndemic (country/region) Endangered
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
Australian ShovelerAnas rhynchotis
Gray TealAnas gracilis
Auckland Islands TealAnas aucklandicaEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Campbell Islands TealAnas nesiotisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Brown TealAnas chlorotisEndangered
White-eyed DuckAythya australisRare/Accidental
New Zealand ScaupAythya novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
Auckland Islands MerganserMergus australisEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukar
Gray PartridgePerdix perdixIntroduced species
New Zealand QuailCoturnix novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Extinct
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Hoary-headed GrebePoliocephalus poliocephalusRare/Accidental
New Zealand GrebePoliocephalus rufopectusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

King PenguinAptenodytes patagonicusRare/Accidental
Yellow-eyed PenguinMegadyptes antipodesEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Little PenguinEudyptula minor
Fiordland PenguinEudyptes pachyrhynchusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Erect-crested PenguinEudyptes sclateriEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Rockhopper PenguinEudyptes chrysocomeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Snares PenguinEudyptes robustusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaEndangered
Buller's AlbatrossThalassarche bulleriNear-threatened
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Chatham AlbatrossThalassarche eremitaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
Antarctic PetrelThalassoica antarcticaRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capense
Snow PetrelPagodroma nivea
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollis
White-headed PetrelPterodroma lessonii
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennis
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Blue PetrelHalobaena caerulea
Fairy PrionPachyptila turtur
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittata
Salvin's PrionPachyptila salvini
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Fulmar PrionPachyptila crassirostris
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoniEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Westland PetrelProcellaria westlandicaBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostris
Hutton's ShearwaterPuffinus huttoniEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Fluttering ShearwaterPuffinus gavia
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix
South Georgia Diving-PetrelPelecanoides georgicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Australasian GannetMorus serrator

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax varius
Bronze ShagPhalacrocorax chalconotusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Auckland Islands ShagPhalacrocorax colensoiEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Campbell Islands ShagPhalacrocorax campbelliEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Spotted ShagPhalacrocorax punctatusEndemic (country/region)
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiaeRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Australasian BitternBotaurus poiciloptilusEndangered
New Zealand BitternIxobrychus novaezelandiae
Pacific HeronArdea pacificaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Swamp HarrierCircus approximans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

WekaGallirallus australisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Auckland Islands RailLewinia muelleriEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensis
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
TakahePorphyrio mantelli
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus
Black StiltHimantopus novaezelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

South Island OystercatcherHaematopus finschiEndemic (country/region)
Variable OystercatcherHaematopus unicolorEndemic (country/region)

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus miles
Red-breasted DotterelCharadrius obscurusEndemic (country/region)
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Double-banded PloverCharadrius bicinctus
Black-fronted DotterelElseyornis melanops
WrybillAnarhynchus frontalisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisVulnerable
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Snares Island SnipeCoenocorypha huegeliEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Subantarctic SnipeCoenocorypha aucklandicaNear-threatened
Latham's SnipeGallinago hardwickiiRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-billed GullChroicocephalus bulleriEndemic (country/region) Endangered
Red-billed GullChroicocephalus scopulinusEndemic (country/region)
Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Black-fronted TernChlidonias albostriatusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
White-fronted TernSterna striataEndemic (country/region)
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittata

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
New Zealand PigeonHemiphaga novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensisEndemic (country/region)

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Little OwlAthene noctuaIntroduced species
Southern BoobookNinox novaeseelandiae
Laughing OwlSceloglaux albifaciesEndemic (country/region) Extinct

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutusRare/Accidental
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

New Zealand FalconFalco novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Strigopidae

KeaNestor notabilisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable
New Zealand KakaNestor meridionalisEndemic (country/region) Endangered
KakapoStrigops habroptilaEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Red-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus novaezelandiae
Yellow-fronted ParakeetCyanoramphus auricepsEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Malherbe's ParakeetCyanoramphus malherbiEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Eastern RosellaPlatycercus eximiusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthisittidae

RiflemanAcanthisitta chlorisEndemic (country/region)
Bush WrenXenicus longipesEndemic (country/region) Extinct
South Island WrenXenicus gilviventrisEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

TuiProsthemadera novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand BellbirdAnthornis melanuraEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Gray GerygoneGerygone igataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohouidae

YellowheadMohoua ochrocephalaEndemic (country/region) Endangered
PipipiMohoua novaeseelandiaeEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Callaeidae

KokakoCallaeas cinereusEndemic (country/region) Endangered
SaddlebackPhilesturnus carunculatusEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cracticidae

Australasian MagpieGymnorhina tibicenIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

PiopioTurnagra capensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

New Zealand FantailRhipidura fuliginosa

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

RookCorvus frugilegusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Petroicidae

TomtitPetroica macrocephalaEndemic (country/region)
New Zealand RobinPetroica australisEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Welcome SwallowHirundo neoxena
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricansRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

FernbirdMegalurus punctatusEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Silver-eyeZosterops lateralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merulaIntroduced species
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

DunnockPrunella modularisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Australasian PipitAnthus novaeseelandiae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaIntroduced species
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebsIntroduced species
European GreenfinchChloris chlorisIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaIntroduced species
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretIntroduced species
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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