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Algarve

This checklist includes all bird species found in Algarve , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Algarve
Number of species: 391
Number of globally threatened species: 13
Number of introduced species: 7
Date last reviewed: 2012-01-29
See also: http://avesdeportugal.info/listas.html

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Graylag GooseAnser anser
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaIntroduced species
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisIntroduced species
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufa
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Common LoonGavia immer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicusRare/Accidental
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Bald IbisGeronticus calvusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental Endangered
Rueppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliiEndangered
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaRare/Accidental
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Spanish EagleAquila adalbertiVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritima
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursorRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alle
Common MurreUria aalge
RazorbillAlca torda
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabini
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Forster's TernSterna forsteriRare/Accidental
Royal TernThalasseus maximusRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicusRare/Accidental
GyrfalconFalco rusticolus
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Iberian MagpieCyanopica cooki
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Crested TitLophophanes cristatus
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma murariaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Pallas's Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus proregulusRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricolaRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustrisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieriRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopygaRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreolaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Rock PipitAnthus petrosus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinusRare/Accidental
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalusIntroduced species
Yellow-crowned BishopEuplectes aferIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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