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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Madeira

This checklist includes all bird species found in Madeira , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Madeira
Description: Includes Madeira, Porto Santo, Desertas and Salvage Islands
Number of species: 311
Number of endemics: 1
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 4
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 7
Date last reviewed: 2013-02-21

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalisRare/Accidental
Pink-footed GooseAnser brachyrhynchusRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anserRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Common ShelduckTadorna tadornaRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigraRare/Accidental
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red-legged PartridgeAlectoris rufaIntroduced species
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Common LoonGavia immerRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Zino's PetrelPterodroma madeiraBreeding endemic Endangered
Fea's PetrelPterodroma feaeNear-threatened
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Cape Verde ShearwaterCalonectris edwardsiiNear-threatened
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Barolo ShearwaterPuffinus baroli

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicusRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carboRare/Accidental
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellarisRare/Accidental
Little BitternIxobrychus minutusRare/Accidental
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularisRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violaceaRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodiaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorusRare/Accidental
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosusRare/Accidental
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargusRare/Accidental
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Red KiteMilvus milvusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinusRare/Accidental

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Little BustardTetrax tetraxRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crexRare/Accidental
Water RailRallus aquaticusRare/Accidental
Black CrakeAmaurornis flavirostraRare/Accidental
Little CrakePorzana parvaRare/Accidental
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrioRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulataRare/Accidental
Eurasian CootFulica atra
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Common CraneGrus grusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopusRare/Accidental
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosettaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental
Canarian OystercatcherHaematopus meadewaldoiRare/Accidental Extinct

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropusRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckiiRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Purple SandpiperCalidris maritimaRare/Accidental
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursorRare/Accidental
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincolaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arcticaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Sabine's GullXema sabiniRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Iceland GullLarus glaucoidesRare/Accidental
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenasRare/Accidental
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
Trocaz PigeonColumba trocazEndemic
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandariusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scopsRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollisRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Alpine SwiftApus melbaRare/Accidental
Common SwiftApus apus
Plain SwiftApus unicolor
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquillaRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanniRare/Accidental
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonoraeRare/Accidental
MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteoRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoidesRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedulaRare/Accidental
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollisRare/Accidental
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactylaRare/Accidental
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestrisRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis dauricaRare/Accidental
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericusRare/Accidental
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelliRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrixRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opacaRare/Accidental
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglottaRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterinaRare/Accidental
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia currucaRare/Accidental
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensisRare/Accidental
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillansRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotesRare/Accidental
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleucaRare/Accidental
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parvaRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilisRare/Accidental
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitariusRare/Accidental
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicolaRare/Accidental
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Desert WheatearOenanthe desertiRare/Accidental
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellinaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaRare/Accidental
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatusRare/Accidental
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
Red-throated ThrushTurdus ruficollisRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilarisRare/Accidental
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelosRare/Accidental
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolorRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaRare/Accidental
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Tawny PipitAnthus campestrisRare/Accidental
Berthelot's PipitAnthus berthelotii
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisRare/Accidental
Tree PipitAnthus trivialisRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulanaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclusRare/Accidental
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringillaRare/Accidental
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineusRare/Accidental
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Parrot CrossbillLoxia pytyopsittacus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostraRare/Accidental
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinusRare/Accidental
Island CanarySerinus canaria
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusRare/Accidental
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensisIntroduced species
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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