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Saudi Arabia

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This checklist includes all bird species found in Saudi Arabia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows eBird version 2017. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2017

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Country or region: Saudi Arabia [map]
Number of species: 792
Number of endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 25
Number of introduced species: 15
Date last reviewed: 2012-02-19

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

Common OstrichStruthio camelusIntroduced species
Common/Somali OstrichStruthio camelus/molybdophanesIntroduced species

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Lesser Whistling-DuckDendrocygna javanicaRare/Accidental
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Graylag Goose (European)Anser anser anser
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Greater White-fronted Goose (Eurasian)Anser albifrons albifrons
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Tundra Swan (Bewick's)Cygnus columbianus bewickiiRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Cotton Pygmy-GooseNettapus coromandelianusRare/Accidental
GarganeySpatula querquedula
Northern ShovelerSpatula clypeata
GadwallMareca strepera
Gadwall (Common)Mareca strepera strepera
Eurasian WigeonMareca penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Mallard (Northern)Anas platyrhynchos platyrhynchos/conboschas
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Green-winged Teal (Eurasian)Anas crecca crecca/nimia
teal sp.Anas sp. (teal sp.)
dabbling duck sp.Anas sp.
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufinaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaVulnerable
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Aythya sp.Aythya sp.
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered
duck sp.Anatinae sp.

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Helmeted Guineafowl (Helmeted)Numida meleagris meleagris/somaliensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularisRare/Accidental
Sand PartridgeAmmoperdix heyi
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorgueiRare/Accidental
ChukarAlectoris chukar
Philby's PartridgeAlectoris philbyi
Arabian PartridgeAlectoris melanocephala
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Little Grebe (Little)Tachybaptus ruficollis [ruficollis Group]
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
American/Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber/roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoeniconaias minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipesNear-threatened
Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni
Persian ShearwaterPuffinus persicus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Wilson's Storm-Petrel (Wilson's)Oceanites oceanicus oceanicus/exasperatus
Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhisRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
Abdim's StorkCiconia abdimii
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Masked/Nazca BoobySula dactylatra/granti
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Brown Booby (Forster's)Sula leucogaster plotus
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Red-footed Booby (Indopacific)Sula sula rubripesRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Great Cormorant (Eurasian)Phalacrocorax carbo sinensis/hanedae
Socotra CormorantPhalacrocorax nigrogularisVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Pink-backed PelicanPelecanus rufescens

 
PELECANIFORMES: Scopidae

HamerkopScopus umbretta

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Little Bittern (Little)Ixobrychus minutus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Gray Heron (Gray)Ardea cinerea cinerea/jouyi
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Goliath HeronArdea goliath
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Purple Heron (Purple)Ardea purpurea [purpurea Group]
Great EgretArdea alba
Great Egret (Eurasian)Ardea alba alba
Ardea sp.Ardea sp.
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Little Egret (Western)Egretta garzetta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Western Reef-Heron (Western)Egretta gularis gularis
Western Reef-Heron (Eastern)Egretta gularis schistacea
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Cattle Egret (Western)Bubulcus ibis ibis
white egret sp.Ardea/Egretta/Bubulcus sp.
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Indian Pond-HeronArdeola grayiiRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata
Striated Heron (Old World)Butorides striata [atricapilla Group]
Green/Striated HeronButorides virescens/striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Black-crowned Night-Heron (Eurasian)Nycticorax nycticorax nycticorax
heron sp.Ardeidae sp.

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Glossy/White-faced IbisPlegadis falcinellus/chihi
Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Sacred Ibis (African)Threskiornis aethiopicus aethiopicusRare/Accidental
Northern Bald IbisGeronticus eremitaRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus
Osprey (haliaetus)Pandion haliaetus haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleusRare/Accidental
Black-shouldered Kite (African)Elanus caeruleus caeruleus
Bearded VultureGypaetus barbatusNear-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchusRare/Accidental
European/Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus/ptilorhynchus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosEndangered
Rüppell's GriffonGyps rueppelliRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusNear-threatened
Short-toed Snake-EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarinaRare/Accidental
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensisEndangered
Tawny/Steppe EagleAquila rapax/nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Verreaux's EagleAquila verreauxii
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Aquila sp.Aquila sp.
Dark Chanting-GoshawkMelierax metabates
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Hen HarrierCircus cyaneus
Hen/Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus/hudsonius
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
harrier sp.Circus sp.
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipesRare/Accidental
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Northern Goshawk (Eurasian)Accipiter gentilis [gentilis Group]Rare/Accidental
Accipiter sp.Accipiter sp.
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Black Kite (Black)Milvus migrans [migrans Group]
Black Kite (Black-eared)Milvus migrans lineatus/formosanus
Black Kite (Yellow-billed)Milvus migrans aegyptius/parasitus
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Common Buzzard (Steppe)Buteo buteo vulpinus/menetriesi
Common/Himalayan/Eastern BuzzardButeo buteo/refectus/japonicus
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus
Buteo sp.Buteo sp.
hawk sp.Accipitridae sp. (hawk sp.)
eagle sp.Accipitridae sp. (eagle sp.)

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Arabian BustardArdeotis arabsNear-threatened
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiVulnerable

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Water/Brown-cheeked RailRallus aquaticus/indicus
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurusRare/Accidental
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Little CrakeZapornia parva
Baillon's CrakeZapornia pusilla
Hapalocrex/Porzana/Zapornia sp.Hapalocrex/Porzana/Zapornia sp.
rail/crake sp.Rallidae sp. (rail/crake sp.)
African SwamphenPorphyrio madagascariensis
Gray-headed SwamphenPorphyrio poliocephalusRare/Accidental
swamphen sp.Porphyrio sp. (swamphen sp.)Rare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian Moorhen/Common GallinuleGallinula chloropus/galeata
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus
Senegal Thick-kneeBurhinus senegalensisRare/Accidental
Spotted Thick-kneeBurhinus capensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus
Eurasian Oystercatcher (Western)Haematopus ostralegus ostralegus/longipes

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricariaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
American/Pacific Golden-Plover (Lesser Golden-Plover)Pluvialis dominica/fulva
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellusNear-threatened
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
lapwing sp.Vanellus sp.
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Lesser/Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus/leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuariusRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Kentish Plover (Kentish)Charadrius alexandrinus alexandrinus
Kentish/Snowy PloverCharadrius alexandrinus/nivosus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Common Ringed/Semipalmated PloverCharadrius hiaticula/semipalmatus
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Little Ringed Plover (curonicus)Charadrius dubius curonicus
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus
small plover sp.Charadrius sp.
plover sp.Charadriidae sp.

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Pheasant-tailed JacanaHydrophasianus chirurgusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Whimbrel (White-rumped)Numenius phaeopus phaeopus/alboaxillaris/variegatus
Whimbrel (European)Numenius phaeopus phaeopus
Whimbrel (Steppe)Numenius phaeopus alboaxillaris
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
curlew sp.Numenius sp.
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed Godwit (European)Limosa lapponica lapponica
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Black-tailed Godwit (limosa)Limosa limosa limosa
godwit sp.Limosa sp.
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Endangered
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaNear-threatened
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Dunlin (alpina)Calidris alpina alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
peep sp.Calidris sp. (peep sp.)
Calidris sp.Calidris sp.
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticolaRare/Accidental
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitariaRare/Accidental
Great SnipeGallinago mediaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Common/Wilson's SnipeGallinago gallinago/delicata
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
snipe sp.Gallinago sp.
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Tringa sp.Tringa sp.
large shorebird sp.Scolopacidae sp. (large shorebird sp.)

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab-PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened
pratincole sp.Glareola sp.

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriiformes sp.

shorebird sp.Charadriiformes sp.

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalusRare/Accidental
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalusRare/Accidental
White-eyed GullIchthyaetus leucophthalmusNear-threatened
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Mew Gull (European)Larus canus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Yellow-legged/Caspian GullLarus michahellis/cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicusNear-threatened
Yellow-legged/Caspian/Armenian GullLarus michahellis/cachinnans/armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Lesser Black-backed Gull (fuscus)Larus fuscus fuscus
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Heuglin's)Larus fuscus heuglini
Lesser Black-backed Gull (Steppe)Larus fuscus barabensis
white-winged gull sp.Larus sp. (white-winged gull sp.)
Larus sp.Larus sp.
gull sp.Larinae sp.
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Little/Least TernSternula albifrons/antillarum
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Gull-billed Tern (Gull-billed)Gelochelidon nilotica [nilotica Group]
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Black Tern (Eurasian)Chlidonias niger niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Sterna sp.Sterna sp.
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Sandwich Tern (Eurasian)Thalasseus sandvicensis sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis
tern sp.Sterninae sp.

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Pin-tailed Sandgrouse (Pin-tailed)Pterocles alchata caudacutus
Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustus
Chestnut-bellied Sandgrouse (Arabian)Pterocles exustus erlangeri
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus
Lichtenstein's SandgrousePterocles lichtensteinii
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Lichtenstein's)Pterocles lichtensteinii [lichtensteinii Group]
Lichtenstein's Sandgrouse (Close-barred)Pterocles lichtensteinii arabicus
sandgrouse sp.Pterocles sp.

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Rock Pigeon (Wild type)Columba livia (Wild type)
Rock Pigeon (Feral Pigeon)Columba livia (Feral Pigeon)Introduced species
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbusRare/Accidental
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turturVulnerable
Dusky Turtle-DoveStreptopelia lugens
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalisRare/Accidental
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Eurasian Collared-Dove (Eurasian)Streptopelia decaocto decaocto
African Collared-DoveStreptopelia roseogrisea
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Streptopelia sp.Streptopelia sp.
Namaqua DoveOena capensis
Bruce's Green-PigeonTreron waalia
pigeon/dove sp.Columbidae sp.

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus
White-browed Coucal (White-browed)Centropus superciliosus superciliosus/loandae
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx capriusRare/Accidental
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
African/Common CuckooCuculus gularis/canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba
Barn Owl (Eurasian)Tyto alba [alba Group]

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Indian Scops-OwlOtus bakkamoena
Arabian Scops-OwlOtus pamelae
European Scops-OwlOtus scops
European Scops-Owl (European)Otus scops [scops Group]
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Spotted Eagle-OwlBubo africanus
Spotted Eagle-Owl (Arabian)Bubo africanus milesi
Little OwlAthene noctua
Little Owl (Little)Athene noctua [noctua Group]
Little Owl (Lilith)Athene noctua lilith
Desert OwlStrix hadorami
Long-eared OwlAsio otusRare/Accidental
Long-eared Owl (Eurasian)Asio otus otus/canariensisRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Short-eared Owl (Northern)Asio flammeus flammeus
owl sp.Strigiformes sp.

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius
Nubian NightjarCaprimulgus nubicus
Nubian Nightjar (Nubian)Caprimulgus nubicus nubicus/tamaricis
Abyssinian NightjarCaprimulgus poliocephalus
Plain NightjarCaprimulgus inornatus
nightjar sp.Caprimulgidae sp.

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis
Little Swift (Little)Apus affinis [affinis Group]
Little/House SwiftApus affinis/nipalensis
Apus sp.Apus sp.
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus
African Palm-Swift (African)Cypsiurus parvus [parvus Group]
swift sp.Apodidae sp.

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops
Eurasian Hoopoe (Eurasian)Upupa epops [epops Group]

 
BUCEROTIFORMES: Bucerotidae

African Gray HornbillLophoceros nasutus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Common Kingfisher (Common)Alcedo atthis [atthis Group]
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Collared Kingfisher (Red Sea)Todiramphus chloris abyssinicus
Collared Kingfisher (Arabian)Todiramphus chloris kalbaensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Somali Bee-eaterMerops revoilii
White-throated Bee-eaterMerops albicollis
Green Bee-eaterMerops orientalis
Green Bee-eater (Arabian)Merops orientalis cyanophrys/najdanus
Green Bee-eater (Russet-crowned)Merops orientalis [orientalis Group]
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster
bee-eater sp.Merops sp.

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulus
Abyssinian RollerCoracias abyssinicus
Indian RollerCoracias benghalensis
Indian Roller (Indian)Coracias benghalensis benghalensis/indicus

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Arabian WoodpeckerDendrocopos doraeVulnerable

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Eurasian Kestrel (Eurasian)Falco tinnunculus [tinnunculus Group]
Lesser/Eurasian KestrelFalco naumanni/tinnunculus
Eurasian/Rock KestrelFalco tinnunculus/rupicolus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Merlin (Eurasian)Falco columbarius [aesalon Group]
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Peregrine Falcon (Barbary)Falco peregrinus pelegrinoides
large falcon sp.Falco sp. (large falcon sp.)
small falcon sp.Falco sp. (small falcon sp.)
falcon sp.Falco sp.
diurnal raptor sp.Accipitriformes/Falconiformes sp.

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus
Black-crowned Tchagra (Black-crowned)Tchagra senegalus [senegalus Group]

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Isabelline Shrike (Daurian)Lanius isabellinus isabellinus
Red-tailed/Isabelline ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides/isabellinus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatusRare/Accidental
Brown Shrike (Brown)Lanius cristatus cristatus/confususRare/Accidental
Great Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor
Great Gray/Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor/borealis
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Southern Gray Shrike (Southern)Lanius meridionalis [meridionalis Group]
Southern Gray Shrike (Steppe)Lanius meridionalis pallidirostris
Great Gray/Southern Gray ShrikeLanius excubitor/meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator
shrike sp.Lanius sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Eurasian/Indian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus/kundoo

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian Magpie (Eurasian)Pica pica [pica Group]
Eurasian Magpie (Arabian)Pica pica asirensisEndemic Endangered
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Red-billed Chough (Red-billed)Pyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax [pyrrhocorax Group]
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedulaRare/Accidental
House CrowCorvus splendens
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion/Hooded CrowCorvus corone/cornix
Pied CrowCorvus albusRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Fan-tailed RavenCorvus rhipidurus
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Greater Hoopoe-Lark (Mainland)Alaemon alaudipes [alaudipes Group]
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Black-crowned Sparrow-LarkEremopterix nigriceps
Singing BushlarkMirafra cantillans
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha
Horned/Temminck's LarkEremophila alpestris/bilopha
Blanford's LarkCalandrella blanfordi
Blanford's Lark (eremica/daaroodensis)Calandrella blanfordi eremica/daaroodensis
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Greater/Sykes's Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla/dukhunensis
Calandrella sp.Calandrella sp.
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandraRare/Accidental
Dunn's LarkEremalauda dunni
Dunn's Lark (Arabian)Eremalauda dunni eremodites
Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala rufescens
Asian/Lesser Short-toed LarkAlaudala cheleensis/rufescens
Wood LarkLullula arboreaRare/Accidental
Eurasian SkylarkAlauda arvensis
Eurasian Skylark (European)Alauda arvensis [arvensis Group]
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Crested/Maghreb LarkGalerida cristata/macrorhyncha
lark sp.Alaudidae sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Plain MartinRiparia paludicolaRare/Accidental
Plain Martin (African)Riparia paludicola [paludicola Group]
Gray-throated MartinRiparia chinensisRare/Accidental
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Bank Swallow/Pale Sand MartinRiparia riparia/diluta
Banded MartinRiparia cinctaRare/Accidental
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Rock MartinPtyonoprogne fuligula
Rock Martin (Pale Crag-Martin)Ptyonoprogne fuligula [obsoleta Group]
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Barn Swallow (White-bellied)Hirundo rustica rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Red-rumped Swallow (Red-rumped)Cecropis daurica [daurica Group]
Red-rumped/Striated SwallowCecropis daurica/striolata
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum
Common House-Martin (Western)Delichon urbicum urbicum/meridionale
Common/Asian House-MartinDelichon urbicum/dasypus
swallow sp.Hirundinidae sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species
White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos
White-eared BulbulPycnonotus leucotis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Scotocercidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Scrub Warbler (Eastern)Scotocerca inquieta [inquieta Group]

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Brown Woodland-WarblerPhylloscopus umbrovirens
Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Common Chiffchaff (Common)Phylloscopus collybita [collybita Group]
Common Chiffchaff (Siberian)Phylloscopus collybita tristis
Plain Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus neglectus
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Western/Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli/orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Dusky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatusRare/Accidental
Dusky/Smoky WarblerPhylloscopus fuscatus/fuligiventerRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus humeiRare/Accidental
Yellow-browed/Hume's WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus/humei
Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealisRare/Accidental
Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf/Japanese Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus borealis/examinandus/xanthodryasRare/Accidental
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidusRare/Accidental
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloidesRare/Accidental
Greenish/Two-barred WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides/plumbeitarsus
Phylloscopus sp.Phylloscopus sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligataRare/Accidental
Sykes's WarblerIduna rama
Booted/Sykes's WarblerIduna caligata/ramaRare/Accidental
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Eastern/Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida/opaca
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorumRare/Accidental
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Hippolais sp.Hippolais sp.
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Blyth's Reed WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Eurasian Reed Warbler (Eurasian)Acrocephalus scirpaceus scirpaceus
Eurasian Reed Warbler (Mangrove)Acrocephalus scirpaceus avicenniae
Marsh Warbler/Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus palustris/scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Eurasian Reed/African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus/baeticatus
Basra Reed WarblerAcrocephalus griseldisEndangered
Great Reed WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus
Clamorous Reed Warbler (Clamorous)Acrocephalus stentoreus stentoreus/levantinus
Clamorous Reed Warbler (Brown)Acrocephalus stentoreus [brunnescens Group]
Acrocephalus sp.Acrocephalus sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilisRare/Accidental
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Zitting Cisticola (Zitting)Cisticola juncidis [juncidis Group]
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Eurasian BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Desert WhitethroatSylvia minula
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Lesser Whitethroat (halimodendri)Sylvia curruca halimodendri
Hume's/Lesser WhitethroatSylvia althaea/curruca
Desert/Margelanic WhitethroatSylvia minula/margelanica
Yemen WarblerSylvia buryiVulnerable
Arabian WarblerSylvia leucomelaena
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Western/Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis/crassirostris
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothoraxRare/Accidental
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Rüppell's WarblerSylvia ruppeli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Subalpine Warbler (albistriata)Sylvia cantillans albistriata
Subalpine/Moltoni's WarblerSylvia cantillans/subalpina
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillataRare/Accidental
Sylvia sp.Sylvia sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

White-breasted White-eyeZosterops abyssinicus
White-breasted White-eye (Abyssinian)Zosterops abyssinicus [abyssinicus Group]

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Arabian BabblerTurdoides squamiceps

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Spotted Flycatcher (Spotted)Muscicapa striata [striata Group]
Gambaga FlycatcherMuscicapa gambagae
Black Scrub-RobinCercotrichas podobe
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchosRare/Accidental
Common Nightingale (golzii)Luscinia megarhynchos golziiRare/Accidental
Thrush/Common NightingaleLuscinia luscinia/megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Bluethroat (Red-spotted)Luscinia svecica [svecica Group]
Bluethroat (White-spotted)Luscinia svecica cyanecula/namnetum
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Taiga/Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula albicilla/parva
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquata
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotusRare/Accidental
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Common Redstart (Common)Phoenicurus phoenicurus phoenicurus
Common Redstart (Ehrenberg's)Phoenicurus phoenicurus samamisicus
White-winged RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogastrusRare/Accidental
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Black Redstart (Western)Phoenicurus ochruros gibraltariensis/aterrimus
Black Redstart (Eastern)Phoenicurus ochruros [ochruros Group]
redstart sp.Phoenicurus sp.
Little Rock-ThrushMonticola rufocinereus
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
Blue Rock-Thrush (solitarius/longirostris)Monticola solitarius solitarius/longirostris
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Siberian Stonechat (Caspian)Saxicola maurus hemprichii
Siberian Stonechat (Siberian)Saxicola maurus [maurus Group]
European/Siberian StonechatSaxicola rubicola/maurus
African StonechatSaxicola torquatus
African Stonechat (African)Saxicola torquatus [torquatus Group]
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
BlackstartCercomela melanura
White-crowned WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Hooded WheatearOenanthe monacha
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Northern Wheatear (Eurasian)Oenanthe oenanthe oenanthe/libanotica
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Mourning Wheatear (Mourning)Oenanthe lugens lugens/persica
Arabian WheatearOenanthe lugentoides
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Variable WheatearOenanthe picataRare/Accidental
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moestaRare/Accidental
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Pied/Cyprus WheatearOenanthe pleschanka/cypriaca
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Black-eared Wheatear (Eastern)Oenanthe hispanica melanoleuca
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Red-tailed Wheatear (Red-tailed)Oenanthe xanthoprymna chrysopygia
Red-tailed Wheatear (Kurdistan)Oenanthe xanthoprymna xanthoprymnaRare/Accidental
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina
Red-breasted WheatearOenanthe bottae
Red-breasted Wheatear (Buff-breasted)Oenanthe bottae bottae
wheatear sp.Oenanthe sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Yemen ThrushTurdus menachensisVulnerable
Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
Dusky ThrushTurdus eunomusRare/Accidental
Dusky/Naumann's ThrushTurdus eunomus/naumanniRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacusNear-threatened
Redwing (Eurasian)Turdus iliacus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
Asian Pied StarlingGracupica contraIntroduced species
Asian Pied Starling (Asian)Gracupica contra [contra Group]Introduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
Bank MynaAcridotheres ginginianusIntroduced species
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster
Tristram's StarlingOnychognathus tristramii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Nile Valley SunbirdHedydipna metallica
Palestine SunbirdCinnyris osea
Palestine Sunbird (Palestine)Cinnyris osea osea
Shining SunbirdCinnyris habessinicus
Shining Sunbird (Shining)Cinnyris habessinicus [habessinicus Group]
Shining Sunbird (Arabian)Cinnyris habessinicus hellmayri/kinneari
sunbird sp.Nectariniidae sp. (sunbird sp.)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Western Yellow Wagtail (lutea/flavissima)Motacilla flava lutea/flavissima
Western Yellow Wagtail (flavissima)Motacilla flava flavissima
Western Yellow Wagtail (lutea)Motacilla flava lutea
Western Yellow Wagtail (thunbergi)Motacilla flava thunbergi
Western Yellow Wagtail (flava/beema)Motacilla flava flava/beema
Western Yellow Wagtail (beema)Motacilla flava beema
Western Yellow Wagtail (iberiae/cinereocapilla/pygmaea)Motacilla flava [cinereocapilla Group]Rare/Accidental
Western Yellow Wagtail (feldegg)Motacilla flava feldegg
Western Yellow Wagtail (superciliaris-type intergrade)Motacilla flava (superciliaris intergrade)
Western Yellow Wagtail (dombrowskii-type intergrade)Motacilla flava (dombrowskii intergrade)
Western Yellow Wagtail (xanthophrys-type intergrade)Motacilla flava (xanthophrys intergrade)
Western/Eastern Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava/tschutschensis
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
White Wagtail (White-faced)Motacilla alba alba/dukhunensis
wagtail sp.Motacilla sp.
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Richard's/Paddyfield PipitAnthus richardi/rufulus
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus
African Pipit (Yemen)Anthus cinnamomeus eximius
Long-billed PipitAnthus similis
Long-billed Pipit (Arabian)Anthus similis arabicus
Long-billed Pipit (Persian)Anthus similis jerdoni/decaptus
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensisNear-threatened
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Water/American PipitAnthus spinoletta/rubescens
pipit sp.Anthus sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

warbler sp. (Parulidae sp.)Parulidae sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalosRare/Accidental
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Cinereous Bunting (Gray-bellied)Emberiza cineracea cineracea
Cinereous Bunting (Yellow-bellied)Emberiza cineracea semenowi
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Cinnamon-breasted BuntingEmberiza tahapisi
Little BuntingEmberiza pusillaRare/Accidental
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Yellow-breasted BuntingEmberiza aureolaRare/Accidental Endangered
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza brunicepsRare/Accidental
Black-headed/Red-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala/bruniceps
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Pallas's/Reed BuntingEmberiza pallasi/schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra
Emberiza sp.Emberiza sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
Common Chaffinch (Common)Fringilla coelebs [coelebs Group]
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustesRare/Accidental
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Sinai RosefinchCarpodacus synoicus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicusRare/Accidental
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Golden-winged GrosbeakRhynchostruthus socotranus
Golden-winged Grosbeak (Arabian)Rhynchostruthus socotranus percivaliNear-threatened
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Olive-rumped SerinCrithagra rothschildi
Yemen SerinCrithagra menachensis
Eurasian LinnetLinaria cannabina
Yemen LinnetLinaria yemenensis
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European Goldfinch (European)Carduelis carduelis [carduelis Group]
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
finch sp.Fringillidae sp.

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
House/Italian SparrowPasser domesticus/italiae
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Dead Sea Sparrow (Sistan Scrub)Passer moabiticus yatii
Arabian Golden SparrowPasser euchlorus
Passer sp.Passer sp.
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollis
Bush PetroniaPetronia dentata
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Rüppell's WeaverPloceus galbula
Streaked WeaverPloceus manyarIntroduced species
Baya WeaverPloceus philippinusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Arabian WaxbillEstrilda rufibarba
Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavus
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
Indian SilverbillEuodice malabarica
African SilverbillEuodice cantans
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulataIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeriformes sp.

passerine sp.Passeriformes sp.

 

References (partial list)

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