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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Saint Helena

This checklist includes all bird species found in Saint Helena , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Saint Helena
Description: Includes Ascension and Tristan da Cunha
Number of species: 183
Number of endemics: 7
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 17
Number of introduced species: 34

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Yellow-billed TealAnas flavirostrisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Rock PartridgeAlectoris graecaIntroduced species Near-threatened
ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Cape FrancolinFrancolinus capensisIntroduced species
Red-necked FrancolinFrancolinus afer
Common QuailCoturnix coturnixIntroduced species
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
SPHENISCIFORMES: Spheniscidae

Gentoo PenguinPygoscelis papuaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Chinstrap PenguinPygoscelis antarcticusRare/Accidental
Jackass PenguinSpheniscus demersusEndangered
Macaroni PenguinEudyptes chrysolophusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Tristan PenguinEudyptes moseleyiRare/Accidental Endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Yellow-nosed AlbatrossThalassarche chlororhynchosRare/Accidental
Gray-headed AlbatrossThalassarche chrysostomaVulnerable
White-capped AlbatrossThalassarche cauta
Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniVulnerable
Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophrisRare/Accidental
Sooty AlbatrossPhoebetria fuscaRare/Accidental Endangered
Light-mantled AlbatrossPhoebetria palpebrataNear-threatened
Royal AlbatrossDiomedea epomophora
Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoidesRare/Accidental
Cape PetrelDaption capenseRare/Accidental
Kerguelen PetrelAphrodroma brevirostris
Great-winged PetrelPterodroma macroptera
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Soft-plumaged PetrelPterodroma mollisRare/Accidental
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaVulnerable
Atlantic PetrelPterodroma incertaEndangered
Broad-billed PrionPachyptila vittataRare/Accidental
Antarctic PrionPachyptila desolata
Slender-billed PrionPachyptila belcheri
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulweriiRare/Accidental
Gray PetrelProcellaria cinereaNear-threatened
White-chinned PetrelProcellaria aequinoctialisVulnerable
Spectacled PetrelProcellaria conspicillataBreeding endemic Vulnerable
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Gray-backed Storm-PetrelGarrodia nereis
White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marinaRare/Accidental
White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallariaRare/Accidental
Black-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta tropicaRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Pelecanoididae

Common Diving-PetrelPelecanoides urinatrix

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturusRare/Accidental
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Ascension Island FrigatebirdFregata aquilaVulnerable
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Cocoi HeronArdea cocoiRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striataRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Inaccessible Island RailAtlantisia rogersiEndemic Vulnerable
Spotted CrakePorzana porzanaRare/Accidental
Paint-billed CrakeNeocrex erythropsRare/Accidental
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrioRare/Accidental
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicusRare/Accidental
Tristan MoorhenGallinula nesiotisEndemic Vulnerable
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristata
Red-gartered CootFulica armillataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Chionidae

Snowy SheathbillChionis albusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Blacksmith PloverVanellus armatusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kittlitz's PloverCharadrius pecuarius
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
St. Helena PloverCharadrius sanctaehelenaeEndemic Critically endangered
Rufous-chested DotterelCharadrius modestusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Green SandpiperTringa ochropusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Common GreenshankTringa nebulariaRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
Common RedshankTringa totanusRare/Accidental
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminataRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skuaRare/Accidental
Chilean SkuaStercorarius chilensisRare/Accidental
Brown SkuaStercorarius antarcticus
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Lesser NoddyAnous tenuirostris
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Antarctic TernSterna vittataRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Madagascar Turtle-DoveStreptopelia picturataIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Common SwiftApus apusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Amur FalconFalco amurensisRare/Accidental

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

GalahEolophus roseicapillaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurioRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Cape White-eyeZosterops pallidusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

European RobinErithacus rubecula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Tristan ThrushNesocichla eremitaEndemic Near-threatened
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common Hill MynaGracula religiosaIntroduced species
Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Gough Island FinchRowettia goughensisEndemic Critically endangered
Nightingale FinchNesospiza acunhaeEndemic
Wilkins's FinchNesospiza wilkinsiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
European SerinSerinus serinusIntroduced species
Island CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species
Cape CanarySerinus canicollis
Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusIntroduced species
Brimstone CanarySerinus sulphuratusIntroduced species
Yellow CanarySerinus flaviventrisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Scaly WeaverSporopipes squamifronsIntroduced species
Red FodyFoudia madagascariensisIntroduced species
Red BishopEuplectes orixIntroduced species
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatusIntroduced species
Long-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes progneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Black-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda erythronotosIntroduced species
Blue-breasted CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensis
Violet-eared WaxbillGranatina granatinaIntroduced species
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melbaIntroduced species
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaIntroduced species
Shaft-tailed WhydahVidua regiaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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