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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
São Tomé and Príncipe

This checklist includes all bird species found in São Tomé and Príncipe , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: São Tomé and Príncipe
Number of species: 149
Number of endemics: 25
Number of globally threatened species: 11
Number of introduced species: 4
See also: http://www.africanbirdclub.org/countries/checklists/

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotos

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Scaly FrancolinFrancolinus squamatus
Red-necked FrancolinFrancolinus afer
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Olive IbisBostrychia olivacea

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
White-backed VultureGyps africanusRare/Accidental Endangered
Black KiteMilvus migrans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

African RailRallus caerulescens
African CrakeCrecopsis egregia
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Lesser MoorhenGallinula angulata

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
Maroon PigeonColumba thomensisEndemic Endangered
Sao Tome PigeonColumba malherbiiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Lemon DoveColumba larvata
Forest DoveColumba simplexEndemic
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Sao Tome Green-PigeonTreron sanctithomaeEndemic Vulnerable
African Green-PigeonTreron calvus

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinus
Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Klaas's CuckooChrysococcyx klaas
African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

African Scops-OwlOtus senegalensis
Sao Tome Scops-OwlOtus hartlaubiEndemic Vulnerable

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Sao Tome SpinetailZoonavena thomensisEndemic
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
White-bellied KingfisherCorythornis leucogaster
Blue-breasted KingfisherHalcyon malimbica
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis pullarius
Gray ParrotPsittacus erithacus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Newton's FiscalLanius newtoniEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Sao Tome OrioleOriolus crassirostrisEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis
Velvet-mantled DrongoDicrurus modestus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Black-headed Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone rufiventer
Sao Tome Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrochalybeiaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Banded MartinRiparia cincta
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Sao Tome PriniaPrinia molleriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

Dohrn's Thrush-BabblerSylvia dohrni

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Black-capped SpeiropsZosterops lugubrisEndemic
Principe SpeiropsZosterops leucophoeusEndemic Near-threatened
Sao Tome White-eyeZosterops feaeEndemic
Principe White-eyeZosterops ficedulinusEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
WhinchatSaxicola rubetraRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Sao Tome ThrushTurdus olivaceofuscusEndemic Near-threatened
Principe ThrushTurdus xanthorhynchusEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Splendid Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis splendidus
Principe Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis ornatusEndemic
Chestnut-winged StarlingOnychognathus fulgidus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Principe SunbirdAnabathmis hartlaubiiEndemic
Newton's SunbirdAnabathmis newtoniiEndemic
Sao Tome SunbirdDreptes thomensisEndemic Vulnerable
Western Olive SunbirdCyanomitra obscura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flavaRare/Accidental
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
Sao Tome Short-tailAmaurocichla bocagiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicus
Principe SeedeaterSerinus rufobrunneusEndemic
Sao Tome GrosbeakNeospiza concolorEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Principe Golden-WeaverPloceus princepsEndemic
Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatus
Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatusIntroduced species
Giant WeaverPloceus grandisEndemic
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Sao Tome WeaverPloceus sanctithomaeEndemic
Red-headed QueleaQuelea erythrops
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Golden-backed BishopEuplectes aureus
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Chestnut-breasted NigritaNigrita bicolor
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Blue-breasted CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
Eastern Paradise-WhydahVidua paradisaeaIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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