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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Sao Tome

This checklist includes all bird species found in Sao Tome , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Sao Tome
Number of species: 109
Number of endemics: 18
Number of globally threatened species: 8
Number of introduced species: 4

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotosRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Scaly FrancolinFrancolinus squamatus
Red-necked FrancolinFrancolinus afer
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermediaRare/Accidental
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striata

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Olive IbisBostrychia olivacea

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black KiteMilvus migrans

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

African RailRallus caerulescensRare/Accidental
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Rameron PigeonColumba arquatrix
Maroon PigeonColumba thomensisEndemic Endangered
Sao Tome PigeonColumba malherbiiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Forest DoveColumba simplexEndemic
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Sao Tome Green-PigeonTreron sanctithomaeEndemic Vulnerable

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Sao Tome Scops-OwlOtus hartlaubiEndemic Vulnerable

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Sao Tome SpinetailZoonavena thomensisEndemic (country/region)
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
White-bellied KingfisherCorythornis leucogaster
Blue-breasted KingfisherHalcyon malimbica
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis pullarius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Newton's FiscalLanius newtoniEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental
Sao Tome OrioleOriolus crassirostrisEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Sao Tome Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrochalybeiaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Banded MartinRiparia cinctaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Sao Tome PriniaPrinia molleriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Dohrn's Thrush-BabblerSylvia dohrniEndemic
Garden WarblerSylvia borinRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Black-capped SpeiropsZosterops lugubrisEndemic
Sao Tome White-eyeZosterops feaeEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Sao Tome ThrushTurdus olivaceofuscusEndemic Near-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Splendid Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis splendidus
Chestnut-winged StarlingOnychognathus fulgidus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Newton's SunbirdAnabathmis newtoniiEndemic
Sao Tome SunbirdDreptes thomensisEndemic Vulnerable
Western Olive SunbirdCyanomitra obscura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Sao Tome Short-tailAmaurocichla bocagiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusIntroduced species
Principe SeedeaterSerinus rufobrunneusEndemic (country/region)
Sao Tome GrosbeakNeospiza concolorEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatus
Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Giant WeaverPloceus grandisEndemic
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Sao Tome WeaverPloceus sanctithomaeEndemic
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Golden-backed BishopEuplectes aureus
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Chestnut-breasted NigritaNigrita bicolor
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Southern CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura

 

References (partial list)

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