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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Sao Tome

This checklist includes all bird species found in Sao Tome , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Sibley & Monroe 1996. If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Sao Tome
Number of species: 109
Number of endemics: 16
Number of globally threatened species: 10
Number of introduced species: 4

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Scaly FrancolinPternistis squamatus
Red-necked SpurfowlPternistis afer
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagrisIntroduced species

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Comb DuckSarkidiornis melanotosRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherAlcedo cristata
Sao Tome KingfisherAlcedo thomensisEndemic
White-bellied KingfisherAlcedo leucogaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Halcyonidae

Blue-breasted KingfisherHalcyon malimbica

 
CORACIIFORMES: Cerylidae

Pied KingfisherCeryle rudisRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Pied CuckooClamator jacobinusRare/Accidental
Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
African Emerald CuckooChrysococcyx cupreus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Red-headed LovebirdAgapornis pullarius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Sao Tome SpinetailZoonavena thomensisEndemic (country/region)
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidusRare/Accidental
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Sao Tome Scops-OwlOtus hartlaubiEndemic Vulnerable

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba livia
Sao Tome Olive-PigeonColumba thomensisEndemic Endangered
African Olive-PigeonColumba arquatrix
Sao Tome Bronze-naped PigeonColumba malherbiiEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Lemon DoveAplopelia larvata
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis
Sao Tome Green-PigeonTreron sanctithomaeEndemic Vulnerable

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Kaffir RailRallus caerulescensRare/Accidental
African CrakeCrecopsis egregiaRare/Accidental
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common SandpiperTringa hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minuta
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Grey PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Laridae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black KiteMilvus migrans
Yellow-billed KiteMilvus parasitus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Falconidae

Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Phaethontidae

Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
CICONIIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Black HeronEgretta ardesiacaRare/Accidental
Western Reef-EgretEgretta gularis
Grey HeronArdea cinereaRare/Accidental
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Intermediate EgretArdea intermediaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloidesRare/Accidental
Striated HeronButorides striatus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CICONIIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Olive IbisBostrychia olivacea
Dwarf Olive IbisBostrychia bocageiEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

White StorkCiconia ciconiaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Great ShearwaterPuffinus gravis
Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Lesser Grey ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Newton's FiscalLanius newtoniEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian Golden-OrioleOriolus oriolusRare/Accidental
Sao Tome OrioleOriolus crassirostrisEndemic Vulnerable
Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis
Sao Tome Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrochalybeiaEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Olivaceous ThrushTurdus olivaceofuscusEndemic (country/region)
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striataRare/Accidental
Dohrn's FlycatcherHorizorhinus dohrniEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Chestnut-winged StarlingOnychognathus fulgidus
Splendid Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis splendidus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Banded MartinRiparia cinctaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental
Northern House-MartinDelichon urbicaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Priniidae

Sao Tome PriniaPrinia molleriEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Black-capped SpeiropsSpeirops lugubrisEndemic
Principe White-eyeZosterops ficedulinusEndemic (country/region) Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

Bocage's LongbillAmaurocichla bocagiiEndemic Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Sao Tome SunbirdDreptes thomensisEndemic Vulnerable
Olive SunbirdNectarinia olivacea
Newton's SunbirdNectarinia newtoniiEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Vitelline Masked-WeaverPloceus vitellinus
Southern Masked-WeaverPloceus velatus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Giant WeaverPloceus grandisEndemic
Black-headed WeaverPloceus melanocephalus
Sao Tome WeaverPloceus sanctithomaeEndemic
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Golden-backed BishopEuplectes aureus
White-winged WidowbirdEuplectes albonotatus
Chestnut-breasted NegrofinchNigrita bicolor
Blue-breasted CordonbleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Bronze MuniaSpermestes cucullatus
Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusIntroduced species
Principe SeedeaterSerinus rufobrunneusEndemic (country/region)
Sao Tome GrosbeakNeospiza concolorEndemic Critically endangered

 

References (partial list)

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