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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Turks and Caicos Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in Turks and Caicos Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Turks and Caicos Islands
Number of species: 216
Number of globally threatened species: 2
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2005-05-01

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

West Indian Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arboreaRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
American Black DuckAnas rubripesRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeataRare/Accidental
White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
Northern PintailAnas acutaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collarisRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Black-capped PetrelPterodroma hasitata
Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedeaRare/Accidental
Audubon's ShearwaterPuffinus lherminieriRare/Accidental

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogasterRare/Accidental
Red-footed BoobySula sula
Northern GannetMorus bassanusRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusRare/Accidental
Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Least BitternIxobrychus exilisRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Reddish EgretEgretta rufescensNear-threatened
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxRare/Accidental
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusRare/Accidental
Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Mangrove RailRallus longirostris
King RailRallus elegansRare/Accidental
Virginia RailRallus limicolaRare/Accidental
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana
Caribbean CootFulica caribaea

 
GRUIFORMES: Aramidae

LimpkinAramus guaraunaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Snowy PloverCharadrius nivosusNear-threatened
Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpinaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

DovekieAlle alleRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Black SkimmerRynchops nigerRare/Accidental

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
White-crowned PigeonPatagioenas leucocephalaNear-threatened
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaoctoIntroduced species
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
Key West Quail-DoveGeotrygon chrysiaRare/Accidental
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Zenaida DoveZenaida aurita
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minor
Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental
Antillean NighthawkChordeiles gundlachii
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensisRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Bahama WoodstarCalliphlox evelynae
Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Bee HummingbirdMellisuga helenaeRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensRare/Accidental
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusRare/Accidental
Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
Giant KingbirdTyrannus cubensisExtirpated Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseusRare/Accidental
Thick-billed VireoVireo crassirostris
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsRare/Accidental
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusRare/Accidental
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusRare/Accidental
Black-whiskered VireoVireo altiloquus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Cuban CrowCorvus nasicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisRare/Accidental
Purple MartinProgne subisRare/Accidental
Caribbean MartinProgne dominicensisRare/Accidental
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolorRare/Accidental
Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaRare/Accidental
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaRare/Accidental
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

American RobinTurdus migratoriusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Pearly-eyed ThrasherMargarops fuscatus
Bahama MockingbirdMimus gundlachii
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorumRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaRare/Accidental
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaRare/Accidental
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrinaRare/Accidental
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapillaRare/Accidental
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilisRare/Accidental
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaRare/Accidental
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrinaRare/Accidental
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Kirtland's WarblerSetophaga kirtlandiiRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaRare/Accidental
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaRare/Accidental
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaRare/Accidental
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Townsend's WarblerSetophaga townsendiRare/Accidental
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

BananaquitCoereba flaveola
Black-faced GrassquitTiaris bicolor
Greater Antillean BullfinchLoxigilla violacea
Western SpindalisSpindalis zena

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Chipping SparrowSpizella passerinaRare/Accidental
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrysRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubraRare/Accidental
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaRare/Accidental
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusRare/Accidental
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaRare/Accidental
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
Painted BuntingPasserina cirisNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusRare/Accidental
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus aterRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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