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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
East Timor

This checklist includes all bird species found in East Timor , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: East Timor
Number of species: 262
Number of globally threatened species: 9
Number of introduced species: 1

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Wandering Whistling-DuckDendrocygna arcuata
Radjah ShelduckTadorna radjah
Green Pygmy-GooseNettapus pulchellus
Pacific Black DuckAnas superciliosa
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Sunda TealAnas gibberifronsVulnerable
White-eyed DuckAythya australis

 
GALLIFORMES: Megapodiidae

Orange-footed ScrubfowlMegapodius reinwardt

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Brown QuailCoturnix ypsilophora
Blue-breasted QuailCoturnix chinensis
Red JunglefowlGallus gallus

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Australasian GrebeTachybaptus novaehollandiae

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelas
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairaeVulnerable

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsiCritically endangered
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Little Black CormorantPhalacrocorax sulcirostris
Little Pied CormorantPhalacrocorax melanoleucos

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

Australasian DarterAnhinga novaehollandiae

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Australian PelicanPelecanus conspicillatus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Yellow BitternIxobrychus sinensis
Schrenck's BitternIxobrychus eurhythmusRare/Accidental
Cinnamon BitternIxobrychus cinnamomeus
Black BitternIxobrychus flavicollis
Great-billed HeronArdea sumatrana
Purple HeronArdea purpureaRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
White-faced HeronEgretta novaehollandiae
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
Pied HeronEgretta picataRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Rufous Night-HeronNycticorax caledonicus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Australian IbisThreskiornis moluccusRare/Accidental
Royal SpoonbillPlatalea regia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
Oriental Honey-buzzardPernis ptilorhynchus
Pacific BazaAviceda subcristata
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Gray-faced BuzzardButastur indicus
Spotted HarrierCircus assimilis
Brown GoshawkAccipiter fasciatus
Japanese SparrowhawkAccipiter gularis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Buff-banded RailGallirallus philippensis
Slaty-breasted RailGallirallus striatus
White-breasted WaterhenAmaurornis phoenicurus
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusillaRare/Accidental
Ruddy-breasted CrakePorzana fuscaRare/Accidental
Spotless CrakePorzana tabuensisRare/Accidental
White-browed CrakePorzana cinerea
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Dusky MoorhenGallinula tenebrosa
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostrisNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied StiltHimantopus leucocephalus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Masked LapwingVanellus milesRare/Accidental
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Red-capped PloverCharadrius ruficapillus
Malaysian PloverCharadrius peroniiNear-threatened
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinusRare/Accidental
Javan PloverCharadrius javanicusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Oriental PloverCharadrius veredus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

Comb-crested JacanaIrediparra gallinacea

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesNear-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
Little CurlewNumenius minutus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisVulnerable
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Great KnotCalidris tenuirostrisVulnerable
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Long-toed StintCalidris subminuta
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollis
SanderlingCalidris alba
Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenura
Swinhoe's SnipeGallinago megala
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Red-backed ButtonquailTurnix maculosus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Australian PratincoleStiltia isabella
Oriental PratincoleGlareola maldivarum

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Black-naped TernSterna sumatrana
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Metallic PigeonColumba vitiensis
Island Collared-DoveStreptopelia bitorquata
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensis
Dusky Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia magna
Little Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia ruficeps
Slaty Cuckoo-DoveTuracoena modestaNear-threatened
Emerald DoveChalcophaps indica
Barred DoveGeopelia maugeus
Wetar Ground-DoveGallicolumba hoedtiiEndangered
Timor Green-PigeonTreron psittaceusEndangered
Black-backed Fruit-DovePtilinopus cinctus
Rose-crowned Fruit-DovePtilinopus regina
Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonDucula rosaceaNear-threatened
Timor Imperial-PigeonDucula cineraceaEndangered

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Himalayan CuckooCuculus saturatus
Sunda CuckooCuculus lepidus
Pallid CuckooCacomantis pallidus
Brush CuckooCacomantis variolosus
Horsfield's Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx basalis
Shining Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx lucidus
Little Bronze-CuckooChrysococcyx minutillus
Asian KoelEudynamys scolopaceus
Australian KoelEudynamys cyanocephalus
Channel-billed CuckooScythrops novaehollandiae
Pheasant CoucalCentropus phasianinus
Lesser CoucalCentropus bengalensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Large-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus macrurus
Savanna NightjarCaprimulgus affinis

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

White-throated NeedletailHirundapus caudacutus
Glossy SwiftletCollocalia esculenta
White-nest SwiftletAerodramus fuciphagus
Pacific SwiftApus pacificus
House SwiftApus nipalensis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris
Cinnamon-banded KingfisherTodiramphus australasiaNear-threatened
Sacred KingfisherTodiramphus sanctus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-tailed Bee-eaterMerops philippinus
Rainbow Bee-eaterMerops ornatus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Spotted KestrelFalco moluccensis
Australian KestrelFalco cenchroides
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Australian HobbyFalco longipennis
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Cacatuidae

Yellow-crested CockatooCacatua sulphureaCritically endangered

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Olive-shouldered ParrotAprosmictus jonquillaceusNear-threatened
Red-cheeked ParrotGeoffroyus geoffroyi
Great-billed ParrotTanygnathus megalorynchos
Iris LorikeetPsitteuteles irisNear-threatened
Rainbow LorikeetTrichoglossus haematodus
Olive-headed LorikeetTrichoglossus euteles

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pittidae

Elegant PittaPitta elegans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Meliphagidae

Streak-breasted HoneyeaterMeliphaga reticulataEndemic (country/region)
Black-breasted MyzomelaMyzomela vulnerataEndemic (country/region)
Indonesian HoneyeaterLichmera limbata
Yellow-eared HoneyeaterLichmera flavicansEndemic (country/region)
Timor FriarbirdPhilemon inornatusEndemic (country/region)
Helmeted FriarbirdPhilemon buceroides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acanthizidae

Plain GerygoneGerygone inornata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Artamidae

White-breasted WoodswallowArtamus leucorynchus
Black-faced WoodswallowArtamus cinereus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Campephagidae

Black-faced CuckooshrikeCoracina novaehollandiae
Wallacean CuckooshrikeCoracina personata
White-shouldered TrillerLalage sueurii
Common CicadabirdEdolisoma tenuirostre

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pachycephalidae

Fawn-breasted WhistlerPachycephala orpheus
Golden WhistlerPachycephala pectoralis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Timor OrioleOriolus melanotis
Green FigbirdSphecotheres viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicruridae

Wallacean DrongoDicrurus densus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Rhipiduridae

Northern FantailRhipidura rufiventris
Arafura FantailRhipidura dryas

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Island MonarchMonarcha cinerascens
Spectacled MonarchSymposiachrus trivirgatus
Magpie-larkGrallina cyanoleuca
Broad-billed FlycatcherMyiagra ruficollis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Australasian BushlarkMirafra javanica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
Striated SwallowCecropis striolata
Fairy MartinPetrochelidon ariel
Tree MartinPetrochelidon nigricans

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Sooty-headed BulbulPycnonotus aurigaster

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pnoepygidae

Pygmy CupwingPnoepyga pusilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Timor StubtailUrosphena subulata
Sunda Bush-WarblerHorornis vulcanius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Arctic WarblerPhylloscopus borealis
Timor Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus presbytes
Yellow-breasted WarblerSeicercus montis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Oriental Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus orientalis
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Tawny GrassbirdMegalurus timoriensis
Timor Bush-WarblerLocustella timorensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Buff-banded BushbirdBuettikoferella bivittataEndemic (country/region)

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Golden-headed CisticolaCisticola exilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Timor White-eyeHeleia muelleriEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Mountain White-eyeZosterops montanus
Ashy-bellied White-eyeZosterops citrinella

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Timor Blue-FlycatcherCyornis hyacinthinus
Lesser ShortwingBrachypteryx leucophrys
Little Pied FlycatcherFicedula westermanni
Black-banded FlycatcherFicedula timorensisEndemic (country/region) Near-threatened
Snowy-browed FlycatcherFicedula hyperythra
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Timor BushchatSaxicola gutturalisNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Chestnut-backed ThrushGeokichla dohertyiNear-threatened
Orange-banded ThrushGeokichla peroniiNear-threatened
Sunda ThrushZoothera andromedae
Island ThrushTurdus poliocephalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Short-tailed StarlingAplonis minor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Dicaeidae

Thick-billed FlowerpeckerDicaeum agile
Red-chested FlowerpeckerDicaeum maugei
Blood-breasted FlowerpeckerDicaeum sanguinolentum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Flame-breasted SunbirdCinnyris solaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
Oriental PipitAnthus rufulus
Pechora PipitAnthus gustavi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Red AvadavatAmandava amandava
Zebra FinchTaeniopygia guttata
Tricolored ParrotfinchErythrura tricolor
Black-faced MuniaLonchura molucca
Scaly-breasted MuniaLonchura punctulata
Five-colored MuniaLonchura quinticolor
Pale-headed MuniaLonchura pallida
Timor SparrowLonchura fuscataNear-threatened

 

References (partial list)

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