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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Turkmenistan

This checklist includes all bird species found in Turkmenistan , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Turkmenistan
Number of species: 410
Number of globally threatened species: 16

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Taiga Bean-GooseAnser fabalis
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukar
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Black GrouseTetrao tetrix

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

LammergeierGypaetus barbatus
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
ShikraAccipiter badius
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Black KiteMilvus migrans
Pallas's Fish-EagleHaliaeetus leucoryphusVulnerable
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalusRare/Accidental
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueenii
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Siberian CraneGrus leucogeranusCritically endangered
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisRare/Accidental Critically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitaria
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Brown-headed GullChroicocephalus brunnicephalus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pallas's SandgrouseSyrrhaptes paradoxus
Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Hill PigeonColumba rupestris
Snow PigeonColumba leuconota
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Pale-backed PigeonColumba eversmanniVulnerable
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Oriental Turtle-DoveStreptopelia orientalis
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus
Oriental CuckooCuculus optatus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Long-eared OwlAsio otus
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
White-winged WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucopterus
Scaly-bellied WoodpeckerPicus squamatus
Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Laggar FalconFalco juggerNear-threatened
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Brown ShrikeLanius cristatus
Bay-backed ShrikeLanius vittatus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
Indian Golden OrioleOriolus kundoo

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Asian Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone paradisi

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Turkestan Ground-JayPodoces panderi
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
White-winged LarkMelanocorypha leucoptera
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensis
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Hume's LarkCalandrella acutirostris
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Oriental SkylarkAlauda gulgula
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Gray-throated MartinRiparia chinensis
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Black-breasted TitPeriparus rufonuchalis
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
Azure TitCyanistes cyanus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus
Black-headed Penduline-TitRemiz macronyx
White-crowned Penduline-TitRemiz coronatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

White-browed Tit-WarblerLeptopoecile sophiae
Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Persian NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Bar-tailed TreecreeperCerthia himalayana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Plain Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus neglectus
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Sulphur-bellied WarblerPhylloscopus griseolus
Brooks's Leaf-WarblerPhylloscopus subviridis
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidus
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Sykes's WarblerIduna rama
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorum
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus
Clamorous Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus stentoreus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylvidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Desert WhitethroatSylvia minula
Hume's WhitethroatSylvia althaea
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
Blue Whistling-ThrushMyophonus caeruleus
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotus
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Pied BushchatSaxicola caprata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Variable WheatearOenanthe picata
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularis
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristis
Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
Brown AccentorPrunella fulvescens
Black-throated AccentorPrunella atrogularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hypocoliidae

HypocoliusHypocolius ampelinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Gray-hooded BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Chestnut-breasted BuntingEmberiza stewarti
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Red-headed BuntingEmberiza bruniceps
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Red-fronted RosefinchCarpodacus puniceus
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes
White-winged GrosbeakMycerobas carnipes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

Saxaul SparrowPasser ammodendri
House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis
Afghan SnowfinchMontifringilla theresae

 

References (partial list)

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