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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Tunisia

This checklist includes all bird species found in Tunisia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Tunisia
Number of species: 399
Number of globally threatened species: 13
Number of introduced species: 1

 
STRUTHIONIFORMES: Struthionidae

OstrichStruthio camelusIntroduced species

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Graylag GooseAnser anser
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Barnacle GooseBranta leucopsisRare/Accidental
Mute SwanCygnus olorRare/Accidental
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnusRare/Accidental
Egyptian GooseAlopochen aegyptiacaRare/Accidental
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferinaExtirpated
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
SmewMergellus albellusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Barbary PartridgeAlectoris barbara
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellataRare/Accidental
Arctic LoonGavia arcticaRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Manx ShearwaterPuffinus puffinus
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable
Balearic ShearwaterPuffinus mauretanicusCritically endangered

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicus
European Storm-PetrelHydrobates pelagicus
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoaRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibisRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
LammergeierGypaetus barbatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Lappet-faced VultureTorgos tracheliotosExtirpated Vulnerable
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
BateleurTerathopius ecaudatusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilisRare/Accidental
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaExtirpated Vulnerable
Houbara BustardChlamydotis undulataVulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxExtirpated Near-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleniRare/Accidental
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Red-knobbed CootFulica cristataExtirpated
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgoExtirpated
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominicaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulvaRare/Accidental
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusRare/Accidental Critically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurusRare/Accidental
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultiiRare/Accidental
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisCritically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticusExtirpated

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

RazorbillAlca torda
Atlantic PuffinFratercula arctica

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalusRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetusRare/Accidental
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinusRare/Accidental
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatusRare/Accidental
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Spotted SandgrousePterocles senegallus
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis
Crowned SandgrousePterocles coronatus

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Pharaoh Eagle-OwlBubo ascalaphus
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Marsh OwlAsio capensis

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Red-necked NightjarCaprimulgus ruficollis
Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus
Egyptian NightjarCaprimulgus aegyptius

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus cafferRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Levaillant's WoodpeckerPicus vaillantii

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
Sooty FalconFalco concolorRare/Accidental Near-threatened
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus
Barbary FalconFalco pelegrinoides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Malaconotidae

Black-crowned TchagraTchagra senegalus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minorRare/Accidental
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocoraxExtirpated
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculusRare/Accidental
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedulaExtirpated
RookCorvus frugilegusRare/Accidental
Carrion CrowCorvus coroneRare/Accidental
Hooded CrowCorvus cornixRare/Accidental
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Greater Hoopoe-LarkAlaemon alaudipes
Dupont's LarkChersophilus dupontiNear-threatened
Bar-tailed LarkAmmomanes cinctura
Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Thick-billed LarkRamphocoris clotbey
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Thekla LarkGalerida theklae
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Temminck's LarkEremophila bilopha

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Coal TitPeriparus ater
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus
African Blue TitCyanistes teneriffae

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Scrub WarblerScotocerca inquieta
Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Iberian ChiffchaffPhylloscopus ibericus
Western Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus bonelli
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalisRare/Accidental
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Pallas's Leaf WarblerPhylloscopus proregulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Western Olivaceous WarblerIduna opaca
Melodious WarblerHippolais polyglotta
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogonExtirpated
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
African Desert WarblerSylvia deserti
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Western Orphean WarblerSylvia hortensis
Tristram's WarblerSylvia deserticola
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata
Marmora's WarblerSylvia sarda
Dartford WarblerSylvia undataNear-threatened

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Fulvous ChattererTurdoides fulva

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Atlas FlycatcherFicedula speculigera
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Moussier's RedstartPhoenicurus moussieri
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
White-tailed WheatearOenanthe leucopyga
Black WheatearOenanthe leucura
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Red-rumped WheatearOenanthe moesta
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschankaRare/Accidental
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseusRare/Accidental
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris
Spotless StarlingSturnus unicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeusRare/Accidental
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
Rock PipitAnthus petrosusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinellaRare/Accidental
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
House BuntingEmberiza sahari
Striolated BuntingEmberiza striolata
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephalaRare/Accidental
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
European SerinSerinus serinus
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Desert SparrowPasser simplex
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia

 

References (partial list)

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