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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Turkey (Asia)

This checklist includes all bird species found in Turkey (Asia) , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Turkey (Asia)
Number of species: 435
Number of globally threatened species: 17
Number of introduced species: 2

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifrons
Lesser White-fronted GooseAnser erythropusVulnerable
Graylag GooseAnser anser
Red-breasted GooseBranta ruficollisEndangered
Mute SwanCygnus olor
Whooper SwanCygnus cygnus
Ruddy ShelduckTadorna ferruginea
Common ShelduckTadorna tadorna
Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
GadwallAnas strepera
Falcated DuckAnas falcataNear-threatened
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
Marbled TealMarmaronetta angustirostrisVulnerable
Red-crested PochardNetta rufina
Common PochardAythya ferina
Ferruginous DuckAythya nyrocaNear-threatened
Tufted DuckAythya fuligula
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Common EiderSomateria mollissimaRare/Accidental
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Common ScoterMelanitta nigra
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
SmewMergellus albellus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
White-headed DuckOxyura leucocephalaEndangered

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukar
Caspian SnowcockTetraogallus caspius
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinus
See-see PartridgeAmmoperdix griseogularis
Gray PartridgePerdix perdix
Common QuailCoturnix coturnix
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicus
Caucasian GrouseTetrao mlokosiewicziNear-threatened

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Arctic LoonGavia arctica
Common LoonGavia immer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Great Crested GrebePodiceps cristatus
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus
Lesser FlamingoPhoenicopterus minorRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Cory's ShearwaterCalonectris diomedea
Levantine ShearwaterPuffinus yelkouanVulnerable

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Black StorkCiconia nigra
White StorkCiconia ciconia
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Northern GannetMorus bassanus

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
European ShagPhalacrocorax aristotelis
Pygmy CormorantPhalacrocorax pygmaeus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa
Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogasterNear-threatened

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

Great White PelicanPelecanus onocrotalus
Dalmatian PelicanPelecanus crispusVulnerable

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great BitternBotaurus stellaris
Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
WaldrappGeronticus eremitaCritically endangered
Eurasian SpoonbillPlatalea leucorodia

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
LammergeierGypaetus barbatusNear-threatened
Egyptian VultureNeophron percnopterusEndangered
European Honey-buzzardPernis apivorus
Cinereous VultureAegypius monachusNear-threatened
Eurasian GriffonGyps fulvus
Short-toed EagleCircaetus gallicus
Lesser Spotted EagleClanga pomarina
Greater Spotted EagleClanga clangaVulnerable
Booted EagleHieraaetus pennatus
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Imperial EagleAquila heliacaVulnerable
Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Bonelli's EagleAquila fasciata
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Pallid HarrierCircus macrourusNear-threatened
Montagu's HarrierCircus pygargus
Levant SparrowhawkAccipiter brevipes
Eurasian SparrowhawkAccipiter nisus
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Red KiteMilvus milvusNear-threatened
Black KiteMilvus migrans
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicilla
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus
Common BuzzardButeo buteo
Long-legged BuzzardButeo rufinus

 
OTIDIFORMES: Otididae

Great BustardOtis tardaVulnerable
Macqueen's BustardChlamydotis macqueeniiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Little BustardTetrax tetraxNear-threatened

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Corn CrakeCrex crex
Water RailRallus aquaticus
Little CrakePorzana parva
Baillon's CrakePorzana pusilla
Spotted CrakePorzana porzana
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus
Eurasian CootFulica atra

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Demoiselle CraneAnthropoides virgo
Common CraneGrus grus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Eurasian Thick-kneeBurhinus oedicnemus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus
Pied AvocetRecurvirostra avosetta

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
European Golden-PloverPluvialis apricaria
Northern LapwingVanellus vanellus
Spur-winged LapwingVanellus spinosus
Red-wattled LapwingVanellus indicus
Sociable LapwingVanellus gregariusCritically endangered
White-tailed LapwingVanellus leucurus
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Caspian PloverCharadrius asiaticus
Kentish PloverCharadrius alexandrinus
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Spotted RedshankTringa erythropus
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Common RedshankTringa totanus
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Slender-billed CurlewNumenius tenuirostrisCritically endangered
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Broad-billed SandpiperCalidris falcinellus
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
Temminck's StintCalidris temminckii
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Little StintCalidris minuta
Jack SnipeLymnocryptes minimus
Solitary SnipeGallinago solitariaRare/Accidental
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Eurasian WoodcockScolopax rusticola
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Glareolidae

Cream-colored CourserCursorius cursor
Collared PratincoleGlareola pratincola
Black-winged PratincoleGlareola nordmanniNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Great SkuaStercorarius skua
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactyla
Slender-billed GullChroicocephalus genei
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutus
Mediterranean GullIchthyaetus melanocephalus
Pallas's GullIchthyaetus ichthyaetus
Audouin's GullIchthyaetus audouiniiNear-threatened
Mew GullLarus canus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellis
Caspian GullLarus cachinnans
Armenian GullLarus armenicus
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterus
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaea
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Pin-tailed SandgrousePterocles alchata
Black-bellied SandgrousePterocles orientalis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba livia
Stock DoveColumba oenas
Common Wood-PigeonColumba palumbus
European Turtle-DoveStreptopelia turtur
Eurasian Collared-DoveStreptopelia decaocto
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensis

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Great Spotted CuckooClamator glandarius
Common CuckooCuculus canorus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

European Scops-OwlOtus scops
Pallid Scops-OwlOtus brucei
Eurasian Eagle-OwlBubo bubo
Brown Fish-OwlKetupa zeylonensis
Little OwlAthene noctua
Tawny OwlStrix aluco
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Boreal OwlAegolius funereus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Eurasian NightjarCaprimulgus europaeus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Alpine SwiftApus melba
Common SwiftApus apus
Pallid SwiftApus pallidus
Little SwiftApus affinis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
White-throated KingfisherHalcyon smyrnensis
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
European Bee-eaterMerops apiaster

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened

 
CORACIIFORMES: Upupidae

Eurasian HoopoeUpupa epops

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Eurasian WryneckJynx torquilla
Lesser Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos minor
Middle Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos medius
White-backed WoodpeckerDendrocopos leucotos
Great Spotted WoodpeckerDendrocopos major
Syrian WoodpeckerDendrocopos syriacus
Black WoodpeckerDryocopus martius
Eurasian Green WoodpeckerPicus viridis
Gray-headed WoodpeckerPicus canus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Lesser KestrelFalco naumanni
Eurasian KestrelFalco tinnunculus
Red-footed FalconFalco vespertinusNear-threatened
Eleonora's FalconFalco eleonorae
MerlinFalco columbarius
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo
Lanner FalconFalco biarmicus
Saker FalconFalco cherrugEndangered
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittaculidae

Alexandrine ParakeetPsittacula eupatriaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Red-backed ShrikeLanius collurio
Red-tailed ShrikeLanius phoenicuroides
Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus
Long-tailed ShrikeLanius schach
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor
Southern Gray ShrikeLanius meridionalis
Lesser Gray ShrikeLanius minor
Masked ShrikeLanius nubicus
Woodchat ShrikeLanius senator

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Eurasian JayGarrulus glandarius
Eurasian MagpiePica pica
Eurasian NutcrackerNucifraga caryocatactes
Red-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax pyrrhocorax
Yellow-billed ChoughPyrrhocorax graculus
Eurasian JackdawCorvus monedula
RookCorvus frugilegus
Carrion CrowCorvus corone
Hooded CrowCorvus cornix
Brown-necked RavenCorvus ruficollis
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Panuridae

Bearded ReedlingPanurus biarmicus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Desert LarkAmmomanes deserti
Calandra LarkMelanocorypha calandra
Bimaculated LarkMelanocorypha bimaculata
Black LarkMelanocorypha yeltoniensisRare/Accidental
Greater Short-toed LarkCalandrella brachydactyla
Lesser Short-toed LarkCalandrella rufescens
Crested LarkGalerida cristata
Sky LarkAlauda arvensis
Wood LarkLullula arborea
Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Eurasian Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne rupestris
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Red-rumped SwallowCecropis daurica
Common House-MartinDelichon urbicum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Sombre TitPoecile lugubris
Marsh TitPoecile palustris
Coal TitPeriparus ater
Great TitParus major
Eurasian Blue TitCyanistes caeruleus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Remizidae

Eurasian Penduline-TitRemiz pendulinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Aegithalidae

Long-tailed TitAegithalos caudatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Eurasian NuthatchSitta europaea
Krueper's NuthatchSitta krueperiNear-threatened
Rock NuthatchSitta neumayer
Persian NuthatchSitta tephronota

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tichodromidae

WallcreeperTichodroma muraria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Eurasian TreecreeperCerthia familiaris
Short-toed TreecreeperCerthia brachydactyla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

Eurasian WrenTroglodytes troglodytes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cinclidae

White-throated DipperCinclus cinclus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

White-spectacled BulbulPycnonotus xanthopygos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

GoldcrestRegulus regulus
FirecrestRegulus ignicapilla

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Cetti's WarblerCettia cetti

 
PASSERIFORMES: Phylloscopidae

Willow WarblerPhylloscopus trochilus
Common ChiffchaffPhylloscopus collybita
Mountain ChiffchaffPhylloscopus sindianus
Eastern Bonelli's WarblerPhylloscopus orientalis
Wood WarblerPhylloscopus sibilatrix
Yellow-browed WarblerPhylloscopus inornatus
Green WarblerPhylloscopus nitidus
Greenish WarblerPhylloscopus trochiloides

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Booted WarblerIduna caligata
Eastern Olivaceous WarblerIduna pallida
Upcher's WarblerHippolais languida
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Icterine WarblerHippolais icterina
Aquatic WarblerAcrocephalus paludicolaVulnerable
Moustached WarblerAcrocephalus melanopogon
Sedge WarblerAcrocephalus schoenobaenus
Paddyfield WarblerAcrocephalus agricola
Blyth's Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus dumetorumRare/Accidental
Marsh WarblerAcrocephalus palustris
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
Great Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus arundinaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Savi's WarblerLocustella luscinioides
Common Grasshopper-WarblerLocustella naevia

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Graceful PriniaPrinia gracilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sylviidae

BlackcapSylvia atricapilla
Garden WarblerSylvia borin
Asian Desert WarblerSylvia nana
Barred WarblerSylvia nisoria
Lesser WhitethroatSylvia curruca
Eastern Orphean WarblerSylvia crassirostris
Cyprus WarblerSylvia melanothoraxRare/Accidental
Menetries's WarblerSylvia mystacea
Rueppell's WarblerSylvia rueppelli
Subalpine WarblerSylvia cantillans
Sardinian WarblerSylvia melanocephala
Greater WhitethroatSylvia communis
Spectacled WarblerSylvia conspicillata

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Iraq BabblerTurdoides altirostrisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Rufous-tailed Scrub-RobinCercotrichas galactotes
European RobinErithacus rubecula
White-throated RobinIrania gutturalis
Thrush NightingaleLuscinia luscinia
Common NightingaleLuscinia megarhynchos
BluethroatLuscinia svecica
European Pied FlycatcherFicedula hypoleuca
Collared FlycatcherFicedula albicollis
Semicollared FlycatcherFicedula semitorquataNear-threatened
Red-breasted FlycatcherFicedula parva
Rufous-backed RedstartPhoenicurus erythronotus
Common RedstartPhoenicurus phoenicurus
White-winged RedstartPhoenicurus erythrogastrus
Black RedstartPhoenicurus ochruros
Rufous-tailed Rock-ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Blue Rock-ThrushMonticola solitarius
WhinchatSaxicola rubetra
European StonechatSaxicola rubicola
Siberian StonechatSaxicola maurus
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Mourning WheatearOenanthe lugens
Finsch's WheatearOenanthe finschii
Pied WheatearOenanthe pleschanka
Cyprus WheatearOenanthe cypriaca
Black-eared WheatearOenanthe hispanica
Red-tailed WheatearOenanthe xanthoprymna
Desert WheatearOenanthe deserti
Isabelline WheatearOenanthe isabellina

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Ring OuzelTurdus torquatus
Eurasian BlackbirdTurdus merula
Black-throated ThrushTurdus atrogularisRare/Accidental
FieldfareTurdus pilaris
RedwingTurdus iliacus
Song ThrushTurdus philomelos
Mistle ThrushTurdus viscivorus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Rosy StarlingPastor roseus
European StarlingSturnus vulgaris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Prunellidae

Alpine AccentorPrunella collaris
Radde's AccentorPrunella ocularis
DunnockPrunella modularis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
Citrine WagtailMotacilla citreola
Gray WagtailMotacilla cinerea
White WagtailMotacilla alba
Richard's PipitAnthus richardi
Tawny PipitAnthus campestris
Meadow PipitAnthus pratensis
Tree PipitAnthus trivialis
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinus
Water PipitAnthus spinoletta
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

YellowhammerEmberiza citrinella
Pine BuntingEmberiza leucocephalos
Cirl BuntingEmberiza cirlus
Rock BuntingEmberiza cia
Gray-hooded BuntingEmberiza buchanani
Cinereous BuntingEmberiza cineraceaNear-threatened
Ortolan BuntingEmberiza hortulana
Cretzschmar's BuntingEmberiza caesia
Rustic BuntingEmberiza rusticaRare/Accidental
Black-headed BuntingEmberiza melanocephala
Reed BuntingEmberiza schoeniclus
Corn BuntingEmberiza calandra

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Common ChaffinchFringilla coelebs
BramblingFringilla montifringilla
Crimson-winged FinchRhodopechys sanguineus
Trumpeter FinchBucanetes githagineus
Mongolian FinchBucanetes mongolicus
Desert FinchRhodospiza obsoleta
Eurasian BullfinchPyrrhula pyrrhula
Common RosefinchCarpodacus erythrinus
Great RosefinchCarpodacus rubicilla
European GreenfinchChloris chloris
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaret
Eurasian SiskinSpinus spinus
European GoldfinchCarduelis carduelis
TwiteCarduelis flavirostris
Eurasian LinnetCarduelis cannabina
Fire-fronted SerinSerinus pusillus
European SerinSerinus serinus
Syrian SerinSerinus syriacusVulnerable
HawfinchCoccothraustes coccothraustes

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticus
Spanish SparrowPasser hispaniolensis
Dead Sea SparrowPasser moabiticus
Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus
Chestnut-shouldered PetroniaPetronia xanthocollis
Rock PetroniaPetronia petronia
Pale RockfinchCarpospiza brachydactyla
White-winged SnowfinchMontifringilla nivalis

 

References (partial list)

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