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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Pemba Island

This checklist includes all bird species found in Pemba Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Pemba Island
Number of species: 180
Number of endemics: 4
Number of globally threatened species: 6
Number of introduced species: 3

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
African Pygmy-GooseNettapus auritus

 
GALLIFORMES: Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
Blue QuailCoturnix adansonii

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
PHOENICOPTERIFORMES: Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus roseus

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus
Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental
Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo
Long-tailed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

African DarterAnhinga rufa

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
Gray HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef-HeronEgretta gularis
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascar Pond-HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Striated HeronButorides striata
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
White-backed Night-HeronGorsachius leuconotus

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Black-shouldered KiteElanus caeruleus
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoides
Black-breasted Snake-EagleCircaetus pectoralis
Banded Snake-EagleCircaetus cinerascens
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis
Eurasian Marsh-HarrierCircus aeruginosus
African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
ShikraAccipiter badius
Black GoshawkAccipiter melanoleucus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
African Fish-EagleHaliaeetus vocifer

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Black CrakeAmaurornis flavirostra
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
GRUIFORMES: Sarothruridae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans
Red-chested FlufftailSarothrura rufa

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Burhinidae

Water Thick-kneeBurhinus vermiculatus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Senegal LapwingVanellus lugubris
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand-PloverCharadrius leschenaultii
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-SnipeRostratula benghalensis

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Turnicidae

Small ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundus
Sooty GullIchthyaetus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSternula saundersi
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatranaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensis
Lesser Crested TernThalasseus bengalensis

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Red-eyed DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Blue-spotted Wood-DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Pemba Green-PigeonTreron pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
Madagascar CuckooCuculus rochii
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
YellowbillCeuthmochares aereus
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Pemba Scops-OwlOtus pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable
Moheli Scops-OwlOtus moheliensisCritically endangered

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Square-tailed NightjarCaprimulgus fossii

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Mottled SpinetailTelacanthura ussheri
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer
African Palm-SwiftCypsiurus parvus

 
COLIIFORMES: Coliidae

Speckled MousebirdColius striatusExtirpated

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Malachite KingfisherCorythornis cristatus
African Pygmy-KingfisherIspidina picta
Gray-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Mangrove KingfisherHalcyon senegaloides
Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
CORACIIFORMES: Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Madagascar Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
CORACIIFORMES: Bucerotidae

Crowned HornbillTockus alboterminatus

 
PICIFORMES: Lybiidae

Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplex
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoni
Amur FalconFalco amurensis
Eurasian HobbyFalco subbuteo

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Brown-headed ParrotPoicephalus cryptoxanthus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Platysteiridae

Pale BatisBatis soror

 
PASSERIFORMES: Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
African Golden OrioleOriolus auratus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

African Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendens
Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Lesser Striped-SwallowCecropis abyssinica

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Eurasian Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed-WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Lesser Swamp-WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Locustellidae

Eurasian River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cisticolidae

Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEndemic (country/region)
Pemba White-eyeZosterops vaughaniEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Black-bellied Glossy-StarlingLamprotornis corruscus
Violet-backed StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster

 
PASSERIFORMES: Nectariniidae

Collared SunbirdHedydipna collaris
Eastern Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
Western Olive SunbirdCyanomitra obscura
Mouse-colored SunbirdCyanomitra veroxii
Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
Violet-breasted SunbirdCinnyris chalcomelas
Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeEndemic

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Western Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Northern Gray-headed SparrowPasser griseus
Southern Gray-headed SparrowPasser diffusus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Ploceidae

Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Zanzibar BishopEuplectes nigroventris
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Grosbeak WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Zebra WaxbillSporaeginthus subflavus
Bronze MannikinSpermestes cucullatus
Black-and-white MannikinSpermestes bicolor
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
PASSERIFORMES: Viduidae

Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbis

 

References (partial list)

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