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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Pemba Island

This checklist includes all bird species found in Pemba Island , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard & Moore 3rd edition (corrigenda 8). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Pemba Island
Number of species: 177
Number of endemics: 4
Number of globally threatened species: 6
Number of introduced species: 3

 
Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris

 
Phasianidae

Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
African Blue QuailCoturnix adansonii

 
Anatidae

White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
African Pygmy-gooseNettapus auritus

 
Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
Ciconiidae

Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
Threskiornithidae

Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash

 
Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
White-backed Night HeronGorsachius leuconotus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascan Pond HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretEgretta intermedia
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularis
Dimorphic EgretEgretta dimorpha

 
Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

 
Sulidae

Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental

 
Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed Cormorant/Reed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
Anhingidae

DarterAnhinga melanogaster

 
Falconidae

Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoni
Amur FalconFalco amurensis

 
Accipitridae

OspreyPandion haliaetus
African Cuckoo-HawkAviceda cuculoides
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
African Fish EagleHaliaeetus vocifer
Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
Black-breasted Snake EagleCircaetus pectoralis
Western Banded Snake EagleCircaetus cinerascens
Western Marsh HarrierCircus aeruginosus
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
ShikraAccipiter badius
Black SparrowhawkAccipiter melanoleucus
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis

 
Rallidae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans
Red-chested FlufftailSarothrura rufa
Black CrakeAmaurornis flavirostra
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
Turnicidae

Common ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
Burhinidae

Water DikkopBurhinus vermiculatus

 
Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
Charadriidae

Lesser Black-winged LapwingVanellus lugubris
Grey Plover/Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii

 
Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
Scolopacidae

Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea

 
Laridae

Sooty GullLarus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Grey-hooded GullLarus cirrocephalus
Common Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Greater Crested TernSterna bergii
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatranaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Little TernSterna albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSterna saundersi
Sooty TernSterna fuscata
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus

 
Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Red-eyed Turtle DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Blue-spotted Wood DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Pemba Green PigeonTreron pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable

 
Psittacidae

Brown-headed ParrotPoicephalus cryptoxanthus

 
Cuculidae

Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
Madagascan CuckooCuculus rochii
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
YellowbillCeuthmochares aereus
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Strigidae

Pemba Scops OwlOtus pembaensisEndemic Vulnerable
Moheli Scops OwlOtus moheliensisCritically endangered

 
Caprimulgidae

Mozambique NightjarCaprimulgus fossii

 
Apodidae

Mottled Spinetailed SwiftTelacanthura ussheri
African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvus
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer

 
Coliidae

Speckled MousebirdColius striatusExtirpated

 
Coraciidae

European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
Alcedinidae

Grey-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
Mangrove KingfisherHalcyon senegaloides
African Pygmy KingfisherCeyx pictus
Malachite KingfisherAlcedo cristata
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
Meropidae

Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Olive Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus

 
Bucerotidae

Crowned HornbillTockus alboterminatus

 
Ramphastidae

Eastern Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplex
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus

 
Platysteiridae

East Coast BatisBatis soror

 
Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
African Golden OrioleOriolus auratus

 
Monarchidae

African Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendens
Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
Hirundinidae

Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinica

 
Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida

 
Sylviidae

River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum

 
Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEndemic (country/region)
Pemba White-eyeZosterops vaughaniEndemic

 
Sturnidae

Black-bellied Glossy StarlingLamprotornis corruscus
Amethyst StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster

 
Muscicapidae

Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata

 
Nectariniidae

Collared SunbirdAnthodiaeta collaris
Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
Mouse-coloured SunbirdCyanomitra veroxii
Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
Violet-breasted SunbirdCinnyris chalcomelas
Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeEndemic

 
Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Northern Grey-headed SparrowPasser griseus
Southern Grey-headed SparrowPasser diffusus

 
Ploceidae

Grosbeak-WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Zanzibar Red BishopEuplectes nigroventris
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus

 
Estrildidae

Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Zebra WaxbillAmandava subflava
Bronze MannikinLonchura cucullata
Black-and-white MannikinLonchura bicolor
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
Viduidae

Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbis

 
Motacillidae

Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus

 

References (partial list)

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