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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Zanzibar

This checklist includes all bird species found in Zanzibar , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Howard & Moore 3rd edition (corrigenda 8). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Zanzibar
Number of species: 259
Number of globally threatened species: 6
Number of introduced species: 9
See also: http://www.allaboutzanzibar.com/indepth/ecology/02-landecology/id-02-03-birdlist.htm

 
Numididae

Helmeted GuineafowlNumida meleagris
Crested GuineafowlGuttera pucherani

 
Phasianidae

Crested FrancolinFrancolinus sephaenaExtirpated
Harlequin QuailCoturnix delegorguei
African Blue QuailCoturnix adansonii

 
Anatidae

White-faced Whistling DuckDendrocygna viduata
Fulvous Whistling DuckDendrocygna bicolor
White-backed DuckThalassornis leuconotus
African Pygmy-gooseNettapus auritus
Red-billed DuckAnas erythrorhyncha

 
Procellariidae

Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
Podicipedidae

Little GrebeTachybaptus ruficollis

 
Phoenicopteridae

Greater FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

 
Ciconiidae

Yellow-billed StorkMycteria ibis
African OpenbillAnastomus lamelligerus
Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus

 
Threskiornithidae

Sacred IbisThreskiornis aethiopicus
Hadada IbisBostrychia hagedash

 
Ardeidae

Little BitternIxobrychus minutus
White-backed Night HeronGorsachius leuconotus
Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Striated HeronButorides striata
Squacco HeronArdeola ralloides
Madagascan Pond HeronArdeola idaeEndangered
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Grey HeronArdea cinerea
Black-headed HeronArdea melanocephala
Purple HeronArdea purpurea
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretEgretta intermedia
Black HeronEgretta ardesiaca
Little EgretEgretta garzetta
Western Reef EgretEgretta gularis
Dimorphic EgretEgretta dimorpha

 
Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
Sulidae

Cape GannetMorus capensisVulnerable
Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Red-footed BoobySula sulaRare/Accidental

 
Phalacrocoracidae

Long-tailed Cormorant/Reed CormorantPhalacrocorax africanus

 
Anhingidae

DarterAnhinga melanogaster

 
Falconidae

Dickinson's KestrelFalco dickinsoni
Amur FalconFalco amurensis

 
Accipitridae

OspreyPandion haliaetus
Bat HawkMacheiramphus alcinus
Black-winged KiteElanus caeruleus
Black KiteMilvus migrans
African Fish EagleHaliaeetus vocifer
Palm-nut VultureGypohierax angolensis
Black-breasted Snake EagleCircaetus pectoralis
Western Banded Snake EagleCircaetus cinerascens
African Harrier-HawkPolyboroides typus
Gabar GoshawkMicronisus gabar
African GoshawkAccipiter tachiro
ShikraAccipiter badius
Black SparrowhawkAccipiter melanoleucus
Lesser Spotted EagleAquila pomarina
Tawny EagleAquila rapax
Steppe EagleAquila nipalensis

 
Rallidae

Buff-spotted FlufftailSarothrura elegans
Red-chested FlufftailSarothrura rufa
Black CrakeAmaurornis flavirostra
Purple SwamphenPorphyrio porphyrio
Allen's GallinulePorphyrio alleni
Common MoorhenGallinula chloropus

 
Turnicidae

Common ButtonquailTurnix sylvaticus

 
Burhinidae

Water DikkopBurhinus vermiculatus

 
Haematopodidae

Eurasian OystercatcherHaematopus ostralegus

 
Dromadidae

Crab PloverDromas ardeola

 
Recurvirostridae

Black-winged StiltHimantopus himantopus

 
Charadriidae

Lesser Black-winged LapwingVanellus lugubris
Grey Plover/Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticula
Little Ringed PloverCharadrius dubius
White-fronted PloverCharadrius marginatus
Lesser Sand PloverCharadrius mongolus
Greater Sand PloverCharadrius leschenaultii

 
Rostratulidae

Greater Painted-snipeRostratula benghalensis

 
Jacanidae

African JacanaActophilornis africanus

 
Scolopacidae

Great SnipeGallinago mediaNear-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponica
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquataNear-threatened
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilis
Common GreenshankTringa nebularia
Green SandpiperTringa ochropus
Wood SandpiperTringa glareola
Terek SandpiperXenus cinereus
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucos
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
SanderlingCalidris alba
Little StintCalidris minuta
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferruginea
RuffPhilomachus pugnax

 
Laridae

Sooty GullLarus hemprichii
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Grey-hooded GullLarus cirrocephalus
Common Black-headed GullLarus ridibundus
Gull-billed TernSterna nilotica
Caspian TernSterna caspia
Lesser Crested TernSterna bengalensis
Sandwich TernSterna sandvicensis
Greater Crested TernSterna bergii
Roseate TernSterna dougallii
Black-naped TernSterna sumatranaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
White-cheeked TernSterna repressa
Little TernSterna albifronsRare/Accidental
Saunders's TernSterna saundersi
Bridled TernSterna anaethetus
Sooty TernSterna fuscata
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybrida
White-winged Black TernChlidonias leucopterus
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus

 
Stercorariidae

Pomarine SkuaStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
Columbidae

Rock DoveColumba liviaIntroduced species
Eastern Bronze-naped PigeonColumba delegorguei
Red-eyed Turtle DoveStreptopelia semitorquata
Ring-necked DoveStreptopelia capicola
Laughing DoveStreptopelia senegalensisIntroduced species
Emerald-spotted Wood DoveTurtur chalcospilos
Blue-spotted Wood DoveTurtur afer
Tambourine DoveTurtur tympanistria
Namaqua DoveOena capensisIntroduced species
African Green PigeonTreron calvus

 
Psittacidae

Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Grey-headed LovebirdAgapornis canusIntroduced species
Fischer's LovebirdAgapornis fischeriNear-threatened
Yellow-collared LovebirdAgapornis personatusEndemic (country/region)
Brown-headed ParrotPoicephalus cryptoxanthus

 
Musophagidae

Fischer's TuracoTauraco fischeriNear-threatened

 
Cuculidae

Levaillant's CuckooClamator levaillantii
Madagascan CuckooCuculus rochii
Dideric CuckooChrysococcyx caprius
YellowbillCeuthmochares aereus
White-browed CoucalCentropus superciliosus

 
Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Strigidae

Pemba Scops OwlOtus pembaensisVulnerable
Moheli Scops OwlOtus moheliensisCritically endangered
African Wood OwlStrix woodfordii
African Barred OwletGlaucidium capense

 
Caprimulgidae

Mozambique NightjarCaprimulgus fossii

 
Apodidae

Mottled Spinetailed SwiftTelacanthura ussheri
Böhm's Spinetailed SwiftNeafrapus boehmi
African Palm SwiftCypsiurus parvus
Little SwiftApus affinis
White-rumped SwiftApus caffer

 
Coliidae

Speckled MousebirdColius striatusExtirpated

 
Trogonidae

Narina's TrogonApaloderma narina

 
Coraciidae

Lilac-breasted RollerCoracias caudatus
European RollerCoracias garrulusNear-threatened
Broad-billed RollerEurystomus glaucurus

 
Alcedinidae

Grey-headed KingfisherHalcyon leucocephala
Striped KingfisherHalcyon chelicuti
Mangrove KingfisherHalcyon senegaloides
African Pygmy KingfisherCeyx pictus
Malachite KingfisherAlcedo cristata
Pied KingfisherCeryle rudis

 
Meropidae

Swallow-tailed Bee-eaterMerops hirundineus
Blue-cheeked Bee-eaterMerops persicus
Olive Bee-eaterMerops superciliosus

 
Phoeniculidae

Green Wood HoopoePhoeniculus purpureus
Common ScimitarbillRhinopomastus cyanomelas

 
Bucerotidae

Crowned HornbillTockus alboterminatus

 
Bucorvidae

Southern Ground HornbillBucorvus leadbeateriVulnerable

 
Ramphastidae

Eastern Green TinkerbirdPogoniulus simplex
Yellow-rumped TinkerbirdPogoniulus bilineatus
White-headed BarbetLybius leucocephalus

 
Indicatoridae

Lesser HoneyguideIndicator minor

 
Picidae

Golden-tailed WoodpeckerCampethera abingoni
Green-backed WoodpeckerCampethera cailliautii
Cardinal WoodpeckerDendropicos fuscescens

 
Platysteiridae

Chinspot BatisBatis molitor
East Coast BatisBatis soror
Black-headed BatisBatis minor
Black-throated Wattle-eyePlatysteira peltata

 
Malaconotidae

Black-backed PuffbackDryoscopus cubla
Lühder's Bush ShrikeLaniarius luehderi
Tropical BoubouLaniarius aethiopicus

 
Campephagidae

Black Cuckoo-shrikeCampephaga flava

 
Laniidae

Isabelline ShrikeLanius isabellinus

 
Oriolidae

Eurasian Golden OrioleOriolus oriolus
African Golden OrioleOriolus auratus

 
Dicruridae

Fork-tailed DrongoDicrurus adsimilis

 
Monarchidae

Blue-mantled Paradise-flycatcherTrochocercus cyanomelas
African Paradise-flycatcherTerpsiphone viridis

 
Corvidae

House CrowCorvus splendensIntroduced species
Pied CrowCorvus albus

 
Hirundinidae

Mascarene MartinPhedina borbonica
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Wire-tailed SwallowHirundo smithii
Lesser Striped SwallowCecropis abyssinica
Mosque SwallowCecropis senegalensis

 
Cisticolidae

Zitting CisticolaCisticola juncidis
Yellow-breasted ApalisApalis flavida
Bleating WarblerCamaroptera brachyura

 
Pycnonotidae

Common BulbulPycnonotus barbatus
Little GreenbulAndropadus virens
Sombre GreenbulAndropadus importunus

 
Genera Incertae Sedis

Western NicatorNicator chloris
Eastern NicatorNicator gularis

 
Sylviidae

Little Rush WarblerBradypterus baboecala
River WarblerLocustella fluviatilis
Lesser Swamp WarblerAcrocephalus gracilirostris
Eurasian Reed WarblerAcrocephalus scirpaceus
African Reed WarblerAcrocephalus baeticatus
Olive-tree WarblerHippolais olivetorum
Green-capped EremomelaEremomela scotops

 
Timaliidae

Pale-breasted Thrush-BabblerIlladopsis rufipennis

 
Zosteropidae

African Yellow White-eyeZosterops senegalensisEndemic (country/region)

 
Sturnidae

Wattled StarlingCreatophora cinerea
Black-bellied Glossy StarlingLamprotornis corruscus
Amethyst StarlingCinnyricinclus leucogaster

 
Turdidae

Red-tailed Ant ThrushNeocossyphus rufus

 
Muscicapidae

East Coast AkalatSheppardia gunningiNear-threatened
Red-capped Robin-ChatCossypha natalensis
Miombo Bearded Scrub RobinCercotrichas barbata
Eastern Bearded Scrub RobinCercotrichas quadrivirgata
Capped WheatearOenanthe pileata
Northern WheatearOenanthe oenanthe
Common Rock ThrushMonticola saxatilis
Pale FlycatcherMelaenornis pallidus
African Grey FlycatcherMelaenornis microrhynchus
Spotted FlycatcherMuscicapa striata
Ashy FlycatcherMuscicapa caerulescens

 
Nectariniidae

Collared SunbirdAnthodiaeta collaris
Olive SunbirdCyanomitra olivacea
Mouse-coloured SunbirdCyanomitra veroxii
Amethyst SunbirdChalcomitra amethystina
Scarlet-chested SunbirdChalcomitra senegalensis
Purple-banded SunbirdCinnyris bifasciatus
Pemba SunbirdCinnyris pembaeEndemic (country/region)

 
Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species
Northern Grey-headed SparrowPasser griseus
Southern Grey-headed SparrowPasser diffusus

 
Ploceidae

Grosbeak-WeaverAmblyospiza albifrons
Spectacled WeaverPloceus ocularis
African Golden WeaverPloceus subaureus
Village WeaverPloceus cucullatus
Dark-backed WeaverPloceus bicolor
Zanzibar Red BishopEuplectes nigroventris
Black-winged BishopEuplectes hordeaceus
Fan-tailed WidowbirdEuplectes axillaris

 
Estrildidae

Orange-winged PytiliaPytilia afra
Green-winged PytiliaPytilia melba
Green-backed TwinspotMandingoa nitidula
Blue-breasted Cordon-bleuUraeginthus angolensisIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild
Zebra WaxbillAmandava subflava
Bronze MannikinLonchura cucullata
Black-and-white MannikinLonchura bicolor
Magpie-MannikinLonchura fringilloides
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 
Viduidae

Pin-tailed WhydahVidua macroura
Parasitic WeaverAnomalospiza imberbis

 
Motacillidae

Yellow WagtailMotacilla flava
African Pied WagtailMotacilla aguimp
African PipitAnthus cinnamomeus

 
Fringillidae

Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicus

 

References (partial list)

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