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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
US Minor Outlying Islands

This checklist includes all bird species found in US Minor Outlying Islands , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: US Minor Outlying Islands
Description: Includes Wake, Midway, Jarvis, Johnston, Howland, Baker, Palmyra Islands (but excludes Navassa in the Caribbean)
Number of species: 168
Number of endemics: 2
Number of globally threatened species: 16
Number of extinct species: 2
Number of introduced species: 3
Date last reviewed: 2013-12-09

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseChen canagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsii
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americanaRare/Accidental
MallardAnas platyrhynchosRare/Accidental
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic (country/region) Critically endangered
Blue-winged TealAnas discorsRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedula
Green-winged TealAnas creccaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinisRare/Accidental
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Salvin's AlbatrossThalassarche salviniRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesVulnerable
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusRare/Accidental Vulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglecta
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisVulnerable
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Phoenix PetrelPterodroma albaRare/Accidental Endangered
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipes
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriVulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental
Little ShearwaterPuffinus assimilis
Tropical ShearwaterPuffinus bailloni

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Polynesian Storm-PetrelNesofregetta fuliginosaRare/Accidental Endangered
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental
Tristram's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma tristramiNear-threatened

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens
Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata ariel

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental
Blue-footed BoobySula nebouxii
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea alba
Intermediate EgretMesophoyx intermedia
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Wake Island RailGallirallus wakensisEndemic Extinct
Laysan RailPorzana palmeriIntroduced species Extinct
Eurasian MoorhenGallinula chloropusRare/Accidental
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaRare/Accidental
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesRare/Accidental
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosRare/Accidental
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceusRare/Accidental
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataRare/Accidental
Common SnipeGallinago gallinago
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Japanese MurreletSynthliboramphus wumizusumeRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaRare/Accidental
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatusRare/Accidental
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescensRare/Accidental
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue-gray NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifrons
Least TernSternula antillarumRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaRare/Accidental

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Oriental CuckooCuculus optatusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed KoelEudynamys taitensis

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisCritically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansExtirpated Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaExtirpated
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusRare/Accidental
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
Lesser RedpollAcanthis cabaretRare/Accidental
Island CanarySerinus canaria

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusExtirpated

 

References (partial list)

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