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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
District of Columbia

This checklist includes all bird species found in District of Columbia , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2014). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: District of Columbia
Number of species: 335
Number of globally threatened species: 5
Number of extinct species: 1
Number of introduced species: 4
Date last reviewed: 2010-09-05
See also: http://www.dcaudubon.org/node/3662

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Snow GooseChen caerulescens
BrantBranta bernicla
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensis
Mute SwanCygnus olorIntroduced species
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianus
Wood DuckAix sponsa
GadwallAnas strepera
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelope
American WigeonAnas americana
American Black DuckAnas rubripes
MallardAnas platyrhynchos
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineria
RedheadAythya americana
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marila
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillata
White-winged ScoterMelanitta fusca
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaNear-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisVulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeola
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangula
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatus
Common MerganserMergus merganser
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serrator
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensis

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

Northern BobwhiteColinus virginianusNear-threatened

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

Ruffed GrouseBonasa umbellus
Greater Prairie-ChickenTympanuchus cupidoVulnerable
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavo

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Red-throated LoonGavia stellata
Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental
Common LoonGavia immer

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
Horned GrebePodiceps auritus
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegena
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollis

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castroRare/Accidental

 
CICONIIFORMES: Ciconiidae

Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Double-crested CormorantPhalacrocorax auritus
Great CormorantPhalacrocorax carbo

 
SULIFORMES: Anhingidae

AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
PELECANIFORMES: Pelecanidae

American White PelicanPelecanus erythrorhynchosRare/Accidental
Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosus
Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
Great EgretArdea alba
Snowy EgretEgretta thula
Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
Green HeronButorides virescens
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White IbisEudocimus albus
Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Cathartidae

Black VultureCoragyps atratus
Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetus

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetos
Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneus
Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
Northern GoshawkAccipiter gentilis
Bald EagleHaliaeetus leucocephalus
Red-shouldered HawkButeo lineatus
Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus
Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopus

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Yellow RailCoturnicops noveboracensis
Black RailLaterallus jamaicensis
Mangrove RailRallus longirostris
King RailRallus elegans
Virginia RailRallus limicola
SoraPorzana carolina
Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicus
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
American CootFulica americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americana

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
Piping PloverCharadrius melodusNear-threatened
KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
WilletTringa semipalmata
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Upland SandpiperBartramia longicauda
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
Long-billed CurlewNumenius americanus
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutus
RuffCalidris pugnax
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisNear-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaNear-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
American WoodcockScolopax minor
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Thick-billed MurreUria lomvia

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphia
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Little GullHydrocoloeus minutusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
California GullLarus californicus
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Yellow-legged GullLarus michahellisRare/Accidental
Thayer's GullLarus thayeri
Iceland GullLarus glaucoides
Lesser Black-backed GullLarus fuscus
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreus
Great Black-backed GullLarus marinus
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Bridled TernOnychoprion anaethetusRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon nilotica
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspia
Black TernChlidonias niger
Roseate TernSterna dougalliiRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundo
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Forster's TernSterna forsteri
Royal TernThalasseus maximus
Black SkimmerRynchops niger

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Passenger PigeonEctopistes migratoriusExtinct
Common Ground-DoveColumbina passerina
White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus
Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto alba

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Eastern Screech-OwlMegascops asio
Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
Snowy OwlBubo scandiacus
Barred OwlStrix varia
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus
Northern Saw-whet OwlAegolius acadicus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensis
Eastern Whip-poor-willAntrostomus vociferus

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaNear-threatened

 
APODIFORMES: Trochilidae

Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris
Black-chinned HummingbirdArchilochus alexandriRare/Accidental
Rufous HummingbirdSelasphorus rufusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

 
PICIFORMES: Picidae

Red-headed WoodpeckerMelanerpes erythrocephalusNear-threatened
Red-bellied WoodpeckerMelanerpes carolinus
Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius
Downy WoodpeckerPicoides pubescens
Hairy WoodpeckerPicoides villosus
Northern FlickerColaptes auratus
Pileated WoodpeckerDryocopus pileatus

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

American KestrelFalco sparverius
MerlinFalco columbarius
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Tyrannidae

Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiNear-threatened
Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris
Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens
Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum
Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii
Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
Dusky FlycatcherEmpidonax oberholseriRare/Accidental
Eastern PhoebeSayornis phoebe
Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascensRare/Accidental
Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus
Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalis
Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus
Scissor-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus forficatus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeLanius ludovicianus
Northern ShrikeLanius excubitor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Vireonidae

White-eyed VireoVireo griseus
Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons
Blue-headed VireoVireo solitarius
Warbling VireoVireo gilvus
Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus
Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Blue JayCyanocitta cristata
American CrowCorvus brachyrhynchos
Fish CrowCorvus ossifragus
Common RavenCorvus corax

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Horned LarkEremophila alpestris

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
Purple MartinProgne subis
Tree SwallowTachycineta bicolor
Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota
Cave SwallowPetrochelidon fulvaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Paridae

Carolina ChickadeePoecile carolinensis
Black-capped ChickadeePoecile atricapillus
Tufted TitmouseBaeolophus bicolor

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sittidae

Red-breasted NuthatchSitta canadensis
White-breasted NuthatchSitta carolinensis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Certhiidae

Brown CreeperCerthia americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Troglodytidae

House WrenTroglodytes aedon
Winter WrenTroglodytes hiemalis
Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
Marsh WrenCistothorus palustris
Carolina WrenThryothorus ludovicianus
Bewick's WrenThryomanes bewickii

 
PASSERIFORMES: Polioptilidae

Blue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caerulea

 
PASSERIFORMES: Regulidae

Golden-crowned KingletRegulus satrapa
Ruby-crowned KingletRegulus calendula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

Eastern BluebirdSialia sialis
VeeryCatharus fuscescens
Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus
Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus
Hermit ThrushCatharus guttatus
Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaNear-threatened
American RobinTurdus migratorius

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis
Brown ThrasherToxostoma rufum
Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottos

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

American PipitAnthus rubescens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Bombycillidae

Bohemian WaxwingBombycilla garrulus
Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Lapland LongspurCalcarius lapponicus
Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Parulidae

OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla
Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacilla
Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanoptera
Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraNear-threatened
Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citrea
Tennessee WarblerOreothlypis peregrina
Orange-crowned WarblerOreothlypis celata
Nashville WarblerOreothlypis ruficapilla
Connecticut WarblerOporornis agilis
Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia
Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosa
Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichas
Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla
Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaVulnerable
Northern ParulaSetophaga americana
Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea
Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca
Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica
Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata
Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarum
Pine WarblerSetophaga pinus
Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominica
Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolor
Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis
Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
Yellow-breasted ChatIcteria virens

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Eastern TowheePipilo erythrophthalmus
Bachman's SparrowPeucaea aestivalisNear-threatened
American Tree SparrowSpizella arborea
Chipping SparrowSpizella passerina
Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallida
Field SparrowSpizella pusilla
Vesper SparrowPooecetes gramineus
Lark SparrowChondestes grammacus
Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensis
Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarum
Henslow's SparrowAmmodramus henslowiiNear-threatened
Le Conte's SparrowAmmodramus leconteiiRare/Accidental
Nelson's SparrowAmmodramus nelsoni
Saltmarsh SparrowAmmodramus caudacutusVulnerable
Seaside SparrowAmmodramus maritimus
Fox SparrowPasserella iliaca
Song SparrowMelospiza melodia
Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolnii
Swamp SparrowMelospiza georgiana
White-throated SparrowZonotrichia albicollis
White-crowned SparrowZonotrichia leucophrys
Dark-eyed JuncoJunco hyemalis

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea
Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalis
Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus
Black-headed GrosbeakPheucticus melanocephalus
Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea
DickcisselSpiza americana

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus
Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
Yellow-headed BlackbirdXanthocephalus xanthocephalus
Rusty BlackbirdEuphagus carolinusVulnerable
Common GrackleQuiscalus quiscula
Brown-headed CowbirdMolothrus ater
Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius
Bullock's OrioleIcterus bullockiiRare/Accidental
Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

House FinchHaemorhous mexicanus
Purple FinchHaemorhous purpureus
Red CrossbillLoxia curvirostra
White-winged CrossbillLoxia leucoptera
Common RedpollAcanthis flammea
Pine SiskinSpinus pinus
American GoldfinchSpinus tristis
Evening GrosbeakCoccothraustes vespertinus

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 

References (partial list)

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