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Avibase - Bird Checklists of the World
Hawaii

This checklist includes all bird species found in Hawaii , based on the best information available at this time. It is based on a wide variety of sources that I collated over many years. I am pleased to offer these checklists as a service to birdwatchers. If you find any error, please do not hesitate to .

The taxonomic order and nomenclature follows Clements 6th edition (updated 2013). If you prefer to view the list based on a different authority, click on one of the list available below. Globally threatened species (status in red) were identified by Birdlife International in Threatened Birds of the World (Birds to Watch 3).

Bird Checklists of the World is part of Avibase and Bird links to the World, which are designed and maintained by Denis Lepage, and hosted by Bird Studies Canada, which is a co-partner of Birdlife International.

© Denis Lepage 2014

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Country or region: Hawaii
Number of species: 333
Number of endemics: 54
Number of breeding endemics: 1
Number of globally threatened species: 43
Number of extinct species: 21
Number of introduced species: 61
Date last reviewed: 2010-09-05
See also: http://www.hawaiiaudubon.com/checklist/checklist2002.pdf

 
ANSERIFORMES: Anatidae

Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorRare/Accidental
Greater White-fronted GooseAnser albifronsRare/Accidental
Emperor GooseChen canagicaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Snow GooseChen caerulescensRare/Accidental
BrantBranta berniclaRare/Accidental
Cackling GooseBranta hutchinsiiRare/Accidental
Canada GooseBranta canadensisRare/Accidental
Hawaiian GooseBranta sandvicensisEndemic Vulnerable
Tundra SwanCygnus columbianusRare/Accidental
GadwallAnas streperaRare/Accidental
Falcated DuckAnas falcataRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Eurasian WigeonAnas penelopeRare/Accidental
American WigeonAnas americana
MallardAnas platyrhynchosIntroduced species
Hawaiian DuckAnas wyvillianaEndemic Endangered
Laysan DuckAnas laysanensisEndemic Critically endangered
Blue-winged TealAnas discors
Cinnamon TealAnas cyanopteraRare/Accidental
Northern ShovelerAnas clypeata
Northern PintailAnas acuta
GarganeyAnas querquedulaRare/Accidental
Baikal TealAnas formosaRare/Accidental
Green-winged TealAnas crecca
CanvasbackAythya valisineriaRare/Accidental
RedheadAythya americanaRare/Accidental
Common PochardAythya ferinaRare/Accidental
Ring-necked DuckAythya collaris
Tufted DuckAythya fuligulaRare/Accidental
Greater ScaupAythya marilaRare/Accidental
Lesser ScaupAythya affinis
Harlequin DuckHistrionicus histrionicusRare/Accidental
Surf ScoterMelanitta perspicillataRare/Accidental
Black ScoterMelanitta americanaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Long-tailed DuckClangula hyemalisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
BuffleheadBucephala albeolaRare/Accidental
Common GoldeneyeBucephala clangulaRare/Accidental
Barrow's GoldeneyeBucephala islandicaRare/Accidental
Hooded MerganserLophodytes cucullatusRare/Accidental
Common MerganserMergus merganserRare/Accidental
Red-breasted MerganserMergus serratorRare/Accidental
Ruddy DuckOxyura jamaicensisRare/Accidental

 
GALLIFORMES: Odontophoridae

California QuailCallipepla californicaIntroduced species
Gambel's QuailCallipepla gambeliiIntroduced species

 
GALLIFORMES: Phasianidae

ChukarAlectoris chukarIntroduced species
Gray FrancolinFrancolinus pondicerianusIntroduced species
Black FrancolinFrancolinus francolinusIntroduced species
Erckel's FrancolinFrancolinus erckeliiIntroduced species
Japanese QuailCoturnix japonicaIntroduced species Near-threatened
Chinese Bamboo-PartridgeBambusicola thoracicusExtirpated
Red JunglefowlGallus gallusIntroduced species
Kalij PheasantLophura leucomelanosIntroduced species
Ring-necked PheasantPhasianus colchicusIntroduced species
Indian PeafowlPavo cristatusIntroduced species
Wild TurkeyMeleagris gallopavoIntroduced species

 
GAVIIFORMES: Gaviidae

Pacific LoonGavia pacificaRare/Accidental

 
PODICIPEDIFORMES: Podicipedidae

Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsRare/Accidental
Horned GrebePodiceps auritusRare/Accidental
Red-necked GrebePodiceps grisegenaRare/Accidental
Eared GrebePodiceps nigricollisRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Diomedeidae

Laysan AlbatrossPhoebastria immutabilisNear-threatened
Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripesVulnerable
Short-tailed AlbatrossPhoebastria albatrusVulnerable

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Procellariidae

Northern FulmarFulmarus glacialisRare/Accidental
Kermadec PetrelPterodroma neglectaRare/Accidental
Herald PetrelPterodroma arminjonianaRare/Accidental
Murphy's PetrelPterodroma ultimaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectataNear-threatened
Juan Fernandez PetrelPterodroma externaVulnerable
Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensisBreeding endemic Vulnerable
White-necked PetrelPterodroma cervicalisRare/Accidental
Bonin PetrelPterodroma hypoleuca
Black-winged PetrelPterodroma nigripennisRare/Accidental
Cook's PetrelPterodroma cookiiRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Stejneger's PetrelPterodroma longirostrisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Bulwer's PetrelBulweria bulwerii
Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallaxRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Streaked ShearwaterCalonectris leucomelasRare/Accidental
Flesh-footed ShearwaterPuffinus carneipesRare/Accidental
Wedge-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus pacificus
Buller's ShearwaterPuffinus bulleriRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Sooty ShearwaterPuffinus griseusNear-threatened
Short-tailed ShearwaterPuffinus tenuirostrisRare/Accidental
Christmas ShearwaterPuffinus nativitatis
Townsend's ShearwaterPuffinus auricularis
Bryan's ShearwaterPuffinus bryaniRare/Accidental

 
PROCELLARIIFORMES: Hydrobatidae

Wilson's Storm-PetrelOceanites oceanicusRare/Accidental
Fork-tailed Storm-PetrelOceanodroma furcataRare/Accidental
Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro
Tristram's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma tristramiNear-threatened

 
PHAETHONTIFORMES: Phaethontidae

White-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon lepturus
Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereusRare/Accidental
Red-tailed TropicbirdPhaethon rubricauda

 
SULIFORMES: Fregatidae

Great FrigatebirdFregata minor
Lesser FrigatebirdFregata arielRare/Accidental

 
SULIFORMES: Sulidae

Masked BoobySula dactylatra
Nazca BoobySula grantiRare/Accidental
Brown BoobySula leucogaster
Red-footed BoobySula sula

 
SULIFORMES: Phalacrocoracidae

Pelagic CormorantPhalacrocorax pelagicusRare/Accidental

 
PELECANIFORMES: Ardeidae

American BitternBotaurus lentiginosusRare/Accidental
Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasRare/Accidental
Great EgretArdea albaRare/Accidental
Snowy EgretEgretta thulaRare/Accidental
Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaRare/Accidental
Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisIntroduced species
Green HeronButorides virescensRare/Accidental
Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
PELECANIFORMES: Threskiornithidae

White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Pandionidae

OspreyPandion haliaetusRare/Accidental

 
ACCIPITRIFORMES: Accipitridae

Golden EagleAquila chrysaetosRare/Accidental
Northern HarrierCircus cyaneusRare/Accidental
Chinese SparrowhawkAccipiter soloensisRare/Accidental
Black KiteMilvus migransRare/Accidental
White-tailed EagleHaliaeetus albicillaRare/Accidental
Steller's Sea-EagleHaliaeetus pelagicusRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Hawaiian HawkButeo solitariusEndemic Near-threatened
Rough-legged HawkButeo lagopusRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Rallidae

Laysan RailPorzana palmeriEndemic Extinct
SoraPorzana carolinaRare/Accidental
Hawaiian RailPorzana sandwichensisEndemic Extinct
Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
Hawaiian CootFulica alaiEndemic Vulnerable
American CootFulica americanaRare/Accidental

 
GRUIFORMES: Gruidae

Sandhill CraneGrus canadensisRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Recurvirostridae

Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus
American AvocetRecurvirostra americanaRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Charadriidae

Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
Lesser Sand-PloverCharadrius mongolusRare/Accidental
Common Ringed PloverCharadrius hiaticulaRare/Accidental
Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusRare/Accidental
KilldeerCharadrius vociferusRare/Accidental
Eurasian DotterelCharadrius morinellusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Scolopacidae

Terek SandpiperXenus cinereusRare/Accidental
Common SandpiperActitis hypoleucosRare/Accidental
Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusRare/Accidental
Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaRare/Accidental
Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipesRare/Accidental
Wandering TattlerTringa incana
Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaRare/Accidental
WilletTringa semipalmataRare/Accidental
Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes
Marsh SandpiperTringa stagnatilisRare/Accidental
Wood SandpiperTringa glareolaRare/Accidental
WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusRare/Accidental
Bristle-thighed CurlewNumenius tahitiensisVulnerable
Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensisRare/Accidental Vulnerable
Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemasticaRare/Accidental
Bar-tailed GodwitLimosa lapponicaRare/Accidental
Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoaRare/Accidental
Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
Red KnotCalidris canutusRare/Accidental
SurfbirdCalidris virgataRare/Accidental
RuffCalidris pugnaxRare/Accidental
Sharp-tailed SandpiperCalidris acuminata
Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopusRare/Accidental
Curlew SandpiperCalidris ferrugineaRare/Accidental
Long-toed StintCalidris subminutaRare/Accidental
Red-necked StintCalidris ruficollisRare/Accidental
SanderlingCalidris alba
DunlinCalidris alpina
Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiRare/Accidental
Little StintCalidris minutaRare/Accidental
Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaRare/Accidental
White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisRare/Accidental
Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaRare/Accidental Near-threatened
Western SandpiperCalidris mauriRare/Accidental
Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusRare/Accidental
Long-billed DowitcherLimnodromus scolopaceus
Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicata
Common SnipeGallinago gallinagoRare/Accidental
Pin-tailed SnipeGallinago stenuraRare/Accidental
Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolorRare/Accidental
Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatusRare/Accidental
Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicariusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Stercorariidae

South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormickiRare/Accidental
Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusRare/Accidental
Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudusRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Alcidae

Ancient MurreletSynthliboramphus antiquusRare/Accidental
Cassin's AukletPtychoramphus aleuticusRare/Accidental
Parakeet AukletAethia psittaculaRare/Accidental
Horned PuffinFratercula corniculataRare/Accidental
Tufted PuffinFratercula cirrhataRare/Accidental

 
CHARADRIIFORMES: Laridae

Black-legged KittiwakeRissa tridactylaRare/Accidental
Bonaparte's GullChroicocephalus philadelphiaRare/Accidental
Black-headed GullChroicocephalus ridibundusRare/Accidental
Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanRare/Accidental
Mew GullLarus canusRare/Accidental
Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
Western GullLarus occidentalisRare/Accidental
California GullLarus californicusRare/Accidental
Herring GullLarus argentatus
Slaty-backed GullLarus schistisagusRare/Accidental
Glaucous-winged GullLarus glaucescens
Glaucous GullLarus hyperboreusRare/Accidental
Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
Black NoddyAnous minutus
Blue-gray NoddyProcelsterna cerulea
White TernGygis alba
Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
Gray-backed TernOnychoprion lunatus
Little TernSternula albifronsRare/Accidental
Least TernSternula antillarum
Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaRare/Accidental
Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaRare/Accidental
Black TernChlidonias nigerRare/Accidental
White-winged TernChlidonias leucopterusRare/Accidental
Whiskered TernChlidonias hybridaRare/Accidental
Common TernSterna hirundoRare/Accidental
Arctic TernSterna paradisaeaRare/Accidental
Great Crested TernThalasseus bergiiRare/Accidental
Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisRare/Accidental
Elegant TernThalasseus elegansRare/Accidental Near-threatened

 
PTEROCLIFORMES: Pteroclidae

Chestnut-bellied SandgrousePterocles exustusIntroduced species

 
COLUMBIFORMES: Columbidae

Rock PigeonColumba liviaIntroduced species
Spotted DoveStreptopelia chinensisIntroduced species
Zebra DoveGeopelia striataIntroduced species
Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraIntroduced species

 
CUCULIFORMES: Cuculidae

Common CuckooCuculus canorusRare/Accidental
Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusRare/Accidental

 
STRIGIFORMES: Tytonidae

Barn OwlTyto albaIntroduced species

 
STRIGIFORMES: Strigidae

Snowy OwlBubo scandiacusRare/Accidental
Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
CAPRIMULGIFORMES: Caprimulgidae

Common NighthawkChordeiles minorRare/Accidental

 
APODIFORMES: Apodidae

Mariana SwiftletAerodramus bartschiIntroduced species Endangered
Pacific SwiftApus pacificusRare/Accidental

 
CORACIIFORMES: Alcedinidae

Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonRare/Accidental

 
FALCONIFORMES: Falconidae

MerlinFalco columbariusRare/Accidental
Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
PSITTACIFORMES: Psittacidae

Pale-headed RosellaPlatycercus adscitusIntroduced species (non established)
Rose-ringed ParakeetPsittacula krameriIntroduced species
Burrowing ParakeetCyanoliseus patagonusIntroduced species (non established)
Mitred ParakeetAratinga mitrataIntroduced species
Red-masked ParakeetAratinga erythrogenysIntroduced species Near-threatened
Red-crowned ParrotAmazona viridigenalisIntroduced species Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Monarchidae

Hawaii ElepaioChasiempis sandwichensisEndemic Vulnerable
Kauai ElepaioChasiempis sclateriEndemic Vulnerable
Oahu ElepaioChasiempis ibidisEndemic Endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Corvidae

Hawaiian CrowCorvus hawaiiensisEndemic Extinct in the wild
Common RavenCorvus coraxRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Alaudidae

Sky LarkAlauda arvensisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Hirundinidae

Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Pycnonotidae

Red-vented BulbulPycnonotus caferIntroduced species
Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cettiidae

Japanese Bush-WarblerHorornis diphoneIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Acrocephalidae

MillerbirdAcrocephalus familiarisEndemic Critically endangered

 
PASSERIFORMES: Zosteropidae

Japanese White-eyeZosterops japonicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Leiothrichidae

Chinese HwameiGarrulax canorusIntroduced species
Greater Necklaced LaughingthrushIanthocincla pectoralisIntroduced species
Gray-sided LaughingthrushIanthocincla caerulataExtirpated
Red-billed LeiothrixLeiothrix luteaIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Muscicapidae

White-rumped ShamaCopsychus malabaricusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Turdidae

KamaoMyadestes myadestinusEndemic Extinct
AmauiMyadestes woahensisEndemic Extinct
OlomaoMyadestes lanaiensisEndemic Critically endangered (possibly extinct)
OmaoMyadestes obscurusEndemic Vulnerable
PuaiohiMyadestes palmeriEndemic Critically endangered
Eyebrowed ThrushTurdus obscurusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mimidae

Northern MockingbirdMimus polyglottosIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Sturnidae

Common MynaAcridotheres tristisIntroduced species
European StarlingSturnus vulgarisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Motacillidae

Olive-backed PipitAnthus hodgsoniRare/Accidental
Red-throated PipitAnthus cervinusRare/Accidental
American PipitAnthus rubescensRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Mohoidae

Kauai OoMoho braccatusEndemic Extinct
Oahu OoMoho apicalisEndemic Extinct
Bishop's OoMoho bishopiEndemic Extinct
Hawaii OoMoho nobilisEndemic Extinct
KioeaChaetoptila angustiplumaEndemic Extinct

 
PASSERIFORMES: Calcariidae

Snow BuntingPlectrophenax nivalisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Thraupidae

Red-crested CardinalParoaria coronataIntroduced species
Yellow-billed CardinalParoaria capitataIntroduced species
Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaIntroduced species
Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Emberizidae

Savannah SparrowPasserculus sandwichensisRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Cardinalidae

Northern CardinalCardinalis cardinalisIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Icteridae

Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaIntroduced species
Western MeadowlarkSturnella neglectaIntroduced species
Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusRare/Accidental

 
PASSERIFORMES: Fringillidae

Laysan FinchTelespiza cantansEndemic Vulnerable
Nihoa FinchTelespiza ultimaEndemic Critically endangered
OuPsittirostra psittaceaEndemic Critically endangered
Lanai HookbillDysmorodrepanis munroiEndemic Extinct
PalilaLoxioides bailleuiEndemic Critically endangered
Lesser Koa-FinchRhodacanthis flavicepsEndemic Extinct
Greater Koa-FinchRhodacanthis palmeriEndemic Extinct
Kona GrosbeakChloridops konaEndemic Extinct
Maui ParrotbillPseudonestor xanthophrysEndemic Critically endangered
Hawaii AmakihiHemignathus virensEndemic
Oahu AmakihiHemignathus flavusEndemic Vulnerable
Kauai AmakihiHemignathus kauaiensisEndemic Vulnerable
Greater AmakihiHemignathus sagittirostrisEndemic Extinct
Lesser AkialoaHemignathus obscurusEndemic Extinct
Greater AkialoaHemignathus ellisianusEndemic Extinct
NukupuuHemignathus lucidusEndemic Critically endangered
AkiapolaauHemignathus munroiEndemic Endangered
AnianiauMagumma parvaEndemic Vulnerable
AkikikiOreomystis bairdiEndemic Critically endangered
Oahu AlauahioParoreomyza maculataEndemic Critically endangered
KakawahieParoreomyza flammeaEndemic Extinct
Maui AlauahioParoreomyza montanaEndemic Endangered
Hawaii CreeperLoxops manaEndemic Endangered
AkekeeLoxops caeruleirostrisEndemic Critically endangered
AkepaLoxops coccineusEndemic Endangered
Ula-ai-hawaneCiridops annaEndemic Extinct
IiwiVestiaria coccineaEndemic Vulnerable
Hawaii MamoDrepanis pacificaEndemic Extinct
Black MamoDrepanis funereaEndemic Extinct
AkohekohePalmeria doleiEndemic Critically endangered
ApapaneHimatione sanguineaEndemic
Poo-uliMelamprosops phaeosomaEndemic Critically endangered
House FinchHaemorhous mexicanusIntroduced species
Common RedpollAcanthis flammeaRare/Accidental
European SerinSerinus serinusIntroduced species
Island CanarySerinus canariaIntroduced species
Yellow-fronted CanarySerinus mozambicusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Passeridae

House SparrowPasser domesticusIntroduced species

 
PASSERIFORMES: Estrildidae

Lavender WaxbillEstrilda caerulescensIntroduced species
Orange-cheeked WaxbillEstrilda melpodaIntroduced species
Black-rumped WaxbillEstrilda troglodytesIntroduced species
Common WaxbillEstrilda astrildIntroduced species
Red-cheeked CordonbleuUraeginthus bengalusIntroduced species
Red AvadavatAmandava amandavaIntroduced species
African SilverbillEuodice cantansIntroduced species
Nutmeg MannikinLonchura punctulataIntroduced species
Chestnut MuniaLonchura atricapillaIntroduced species
Java SparrowLonchura oryzivoraIntroduced species Vulnerable

 

References (partial list)

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